A History of Islamic Societies / Edition 2

A History of Islamic Societies / Edition 2

4.5 2
by Ira M. Lapidus

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ISBN-10: 0521770564

ISBN-13: 9780521770569

Pub. Date: 08/28/2002

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

The civilizations and patterns of Muslim life throughout the world are traced from the formative eras through their significant development and ultimate transformation under the forces of technological change.


The civilizations and patterns of Muslim life throughout the world are traced from the formative eras through their significant development and ultimate transformation under the forces of technological change.

Product Details

Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
Edition description:
Revised Edition
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 2.05(d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrationsxiii
List of mapsxv
Lists of tables and figuresxvii
Preface and acknowledgments to the first editionxviii
Preface and acknowledgments to the second editionxxvii
Publisher's prefacexxx
Part IThe Origins of Islamic Civilization: the Middle East from c. 600 to c. 1200
Introduction: Middle Eastern societies before the advent of Islam3
Ancient empires4
Religion and society before Islam6
The Preaching of Islam
Clans and kingdoms12
Poetry and the gods15
2The life of the Prophet18
Muhammad in Mecca20
The Medina years23
Triumph and the return to Mecca27
The old world and the new religion28
The Arab-Muslim Imperium (632-945)
3The Arab conquests and the socio-economic bases of empire31
The Arab conquests31
The administration of the new empire34
Economic change and the new urban societies38
Clients, converts, and communities40
4The Caliphate45
From nomadic kingdom to Syrian monarchy45
The `Abbasid empire: social revolution and political reaction56
5Cosmopolitan Islam: the Islam of the imperial elite67
Art, architecture, and the concept of the Caliphate68
The Arabic humanities74
Persian literature76
6Urban Islam: the Islam of the religious elites81
Sunni scripturalism82
Mystics and Sufism90
Shi`i Islam94
7Islamic culture and the separation of state and religion99
8The fall of the `Abbasid empire103
The decline of the central government103
Provincial autonomy and disintegration106
From Islamic Culture to Islamic Society: Iran and Iraq, 945-c. 1200
9The post-`Abbasid Middle Eastern state system112
Iraq, Iran, and the eastern provinces112
The Saljuq empire117
The slave states and administration120
The iqta` system and Middle Eastern feudalism122
Local courts and regional cultures: Islam in Persian garb125
10Muslim communities and Middle Eastern societies133
The Shi`i communities133
The schools of law and Sunni sectarianism134
Sufi brotherhoods137
Muslim religious movements and the state141
Islamic institutions and a mass Islamic society142
11The collective ideal147
The juristic theory147
Mirrors for princes149
The philosopher-king152
12The Personal Ethic156
Normative Islam: scripture, Sufism, and theology156
Sufism in the post-`Abbasid era158
Al-Ghazzali: his life160
Al-Ghazzali: his vision162
Rationality and theology166
Alternative Islam: philosophy, gnostic and popular Sufism169
The dialogues within Islam177
Conclusion: The Middle Eastern Islamic paradigm183
The formation of imperial Islamic society184
States and communities in a fragmented Middle East187
Coping with the limits of worldly life189
State and religion in the Islamic paradigm192
Part IIThe Worldwide Diffusion of Islamic Societies from the Tenth to the Nineteenth Centuries
Introduction: the Islamic world and the rise of Europe197
Conversion to Islam197
Muslim elites and Islamic communities206
The social structure of Islam211
Muslim states215
Confrontation with Europe218
The Middle Eastern Islamic Societies
13Iran: the Mongol, Timurid, and Safavid empires226
The Mongols226
The Timurids229
Iranian society and Sufi movements231
Safavid Iran234
The conversion of Iran to Shi`ism241
The dissolution of the Safavid empire244
14The Turkish migrations and the Ottoman empire248
The migrations and Turkish-Islamic states in Anatolia (1071-1243)248
The rise of the Ottomans (c. 1280-1453)250
The Ottoman world empire253
The Ottoman state258
Rulers and subjects263
The Ottoman economy268
Provincial administration273
The Ottoman empire in disarray275
15The Arab Middle East283
Egypt and Syria in the "Caliphal" age283
The Saljuq model: state and religion290
The Ottoman era294
16Islamic North Africa and Spain to the nineteenth century299
State formation in the "Caliphal" phase299
Spanish-Islamic civilization309
The tripartite regime: Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco from the thirteenth to the nineteenth centuries319
States and Islam: North African variations333
Islam in Central and Southern Asia
17Inner Asia from the Mongol conquests to the nineteenth century337
The western and northern steppes338
Turkestan (Transoxania, Khwarizm, and Farghana)345
Eastern Turkestan and China351
18The Indian subcontinent: the Delhi Sultanates and the Mughal empire356
The Muslim conquests and the Delhi Sultanates356
Conversion and the Muslim communities361
The varieties of Indian Islam364
Muslim holy men and political authority367
The Mughal empire368
The decline of the Mughal empire378
19The formation of Islamic societies in Southeast Asia382
The diffusion of Islam382
The Portuguese, the Dutch, and the Muslim states384
Islamic societies in Southeast Asia387
The new imperialism397
Islam in Africa
20Islam in Sudanic, savannah, and forest West Africa400
The kingdoms of western and central Sudan400
Merchants and missionaries in the desert, forest, and coastal regions409
The West African jihads416
21Islam in East Africa and the rise of European colonial empires429
The coastal cities and Swahili Islam432
Ethiopia and Somalia435
Colonialism and the defeat of Muslim expansion438
Conclusion: the varieties of Islamic society443
Part IIIThe Modern Transformation: Muslim Peoples in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
Introduction: modernity and the transformation of Muslim societies453
Islamic modernism457
Islamic reformism461
Nationalism and Islam in the Middle East
22Iran: state and religion in the modern era469
Qajar Iran: the long nineteenth century469
The constitutional crisis473
Twentieth-century Iran: the Pahlavi era476
The `ulama' and the revolution482
The Islamic Republic485
23The dissolution of the Ottoman empire and the modernization of Turkey489
The partition of the Ottoman empire489
Ottoman reform493
Republican Turkey501
24Egypt: secularism and Islamic modernity512
The nineteenth-century reforming state512
British colonial rule515
The Egyptian awakening: from Islamic modernism to nationalism516
The liberal republic519
The Nasser era523
Sadat and Mubarak526
25The Arab Middle East: Arabism, military states, and Islam535
Notables and the rise of Arab nationalism535
Arabism in the colonial period540
The struggle for Arab unity and the contemporary fertile crescent states546
The Palestinian movement and the struggle for Palestine557
The Arabian peninsula566
Arab states, nationalism, and Islam580
26North Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries586
Islam in state ideologies and opposition movements615
Secularism and Islam in Central and Southern Asia
27The Indian subcontinent: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh620
Muslim militancy from Plassey to 1857622
From the Mutiny to World War I623
From cultural to political action629
From elite to mass politics632
The Pakistan movement635
The Muslims of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh640
28Islam in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines652
Dutch rule and the capitalist system in the Indies652
Indonesian traditionalism, nationalism, and Islamic reform658
Compromise and competition: 1900-1955666
Indonesia from 1955 to the present670
British Malaya and independent Malaysia675
The Philippines681
29Inner Asia under Russian and Chinese rule; the Caucasus and Afghanistan684
Tsarist rule and Jadid684
The revolutionary era693
Soviet modernization700
Newly independent states in formerly Soviet Inner Asia709
The Caucasus714
The Muslims of China725
Islam in Twentieth-Century Africa
30Islam in West Africa732
Colonialism and independence: African states and Islam732
The Wahhabis and reformist movements754
31Islam in East Africa761
Ethiopia and Eritrea770
Swahili East Africa772
Universal Islam and African diversity780
Islam in the West
32Muslims in Europe and America785
Eastern Europe785
Western Europe789
Immigrant identities in Europe: a broad spectrum of responses803
Muslims in America805
Conclusion: secularized Islam and Islamic revival814
The institutional and cultural features of pre-modern Islamic societies815
The nineteenth- and twentieth-century transformation of Muslim societies817
The Islamic revival822
Contemporary patterns in the relations between states and Islamic societies835
The neo-Islamic states844
Muslims as political minorities850
The role of women in Muslim societies851
Concluding remarks867

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A History of Islamic Societies 4.5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 2 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Guest More than 1 year ago
This book closely follows the highly respected Cambridge History of Islam. It summarizes, updates, and sometimes expands on topics in that work. It is especially useful as a companion volume to the Cambridge History, but is a valuable resource on Islamic society and history by itself.