History of Islamic Theology: From Muhammad to the Present / Edition 1

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Nagel (Univ. of Gottingen), a recognized expert on Islamic theology and history, presents a scholarly, well-researched work on the most important elements in Islamic theology and history, containing a descriptive chronology from Islam's beginnings in the seventh century to the modern era. Nagel makes the controversial assertion that "Jews and Christians deviated from true monotheism; the Jews claimed Ezra, and the Christians Jesus to be the son of God, thus lapsing into polytheism." Recommendations for further reading and sources cited are published in several languages, and Arabic terms are well defined. However, some indexes are purely alphabetical lists--one wonders why they are included. A companion to the classic reprint of Ignaz Goldziher's Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law (1981); recommended for libraries specializing in Islamic studies.--Michael W. Ellis, Ellenville P.L., NY
Booknews
Based on Nagel's (U. of G<:o>ttingen) lecture series of the same name, and other of his courses on Islamic law and philosophy. Defining theology as the attempt to explain the message of the founder of a religion, in this case Muhammad, so as to produce a coherent body of statements, Nagel examines how Muslims have seen themselves and their faith over the centuries. He begins with how the belief in the transhistoricity of the Prophetic message evolved and took hold of theology. His framework is historical rather than Islamic, but he briefly summarizes the Muslim point of view when it diverges from the historical account. The German original was published by Verlag C. H. Beck, Munich, in 1994. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781558762039
  • Publisher: Wiener, Markus Publishers, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/1/1999
  • Series: Princeton Series on the Middle East
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 420

Table of Contents

Preface
Ch. I The Koran, the Foundation of Islamic Theology 1
1 The Koran in Islamic Faith 1
2 Islam 2
3 Early History of the Koran 11
4 Central Themes of the Koran's Message 13
Ch. II Faith and "Islam" 27
1 Muslim Views on the Origin of Religious Persuasions 27
2 On Islamic History between 632 and 750 29
3 Divine Determination versus Human Determination 35
4 The Kharijites 41
5 The Shiites 49
6 Judgment Postponed 57
7 The Beginnings of Sunnism 63
Ch. III The Two Types of Islam's Theological Literature 73
1 The Hadith 73
2 The Kalam 82
Ch. IV Early Rationalism 93
1 Arab-Muslim Society 93
2 A Glance at the Early Abbasid Period 97
3 The One God and His Revelation 100
4 Human Actions 109
5 Physics and Metaphysics 115
6 Sunnites and Shiites as Opponents of Rationalist Theology 118
Ch. V Rationalism and Tradition 125
1 The Caliphate's Political Decline 125
2 Early Theological Reflection in Sunnism 128
3 Sufism and Rationalism 136
4 Sunnite Rationalism 148
5 The Asharite School 158
Ch. VI Theology and Philosophy 171
1 Exoteric and Esoteric Meaning of the Revelation 171
2 A Glance at the History of the Islamic Mind in the High Middle Ages 178
3 Islamic Philosophy 184
4 Re-establishing All Creatures' Power of Being 194
5 Islamic Theology in the High and Late Middle Ages 206
Ch. VII Islam and Gnosis 215
1 Prophetic Message and Gnostic Weltanschauung 215
2 Gnosis and Early Islamic Theology 220
3 Gnosis within Islam 225
Ch. VIII Islamic Orthodoxy 235
1 Sunnism as the Religious Creed of the Majority 235
2 Orthodoxy and the Islamic State 241
3 Shiite Orthodoxy 248
Ch. IX Islam as Ideology 253
1 Islam Is Knowledge 253
2 Reform in the Spirit of Orthodoxy 261
3 Islam as Ideology 271
Epilogue 277
Chronology 285
Notes 289
Recommendations for Further Reading 313
Glossary of Arabic Terms 317
Indexes 323
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