History of Life / Edition 3

History of Life / Edition 3

by Richard Cowen
     
 

ISBN-10: 0632044446

ISBN-13: 9780632044443

Pub. Date: 09/28/1999

Publisher: Wiley

This textbook for students and general readers describes the macroevolution of life on Earth. It examines the problem of the origin of life, discusses how climates of the past might have affected living things, and explains how fishes gradually evolved into the major classes of tetrapods on the land (including humans). Based upon a popular course taught by the author

Overview

This textbook for students and general readers describes the macroevolution of life on Earth. It examines the problem of the origin of life, discusses how climates of the past might have affected living things, and explains how fishes gradually evolved into the major classes of tetrapods on the land (including humans). Based upon a popular course taught by the author at U. of California Davis, the volume is illustrated throughout with b&w drawings, maps, and photographs of fossils. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780632044443
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
09/28/1999
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
432
Product dimensions:
8.55(w) x 11.02(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceviii
Chapter 1The Origin of Life on Earth1
How Geology Works1
How Paleontology Works2
The Origin of Life3
Where Did Life Evolve?11
Energy Sources for the First Life12
Chapter 2Earth's Earliest Life16
How Do We Know the Age of a Fossil?18
Life Alters a Planet19
Earth's Oldest Rocks21
Earth's Oldest Cells22
Earth's Early Atmosphere and Climate24
Banded Iron Formations25
The Oxygen Revolution26
Chapter 3Sex and Nuclei: Eukaryotes29
Symbiosis and Endosymbiosis29
Eukaryotes in the Fossil Record32
Evolution and Natural Selection33
The Evolution of Sex34
The Classification of Eukaryotes36
Cladistics37
Chapter 4The Evolution of Metazoans42
Proterozoic Protists42
Evolving Metazoans from Protists43
Evolution and Development in Metazoans47
The Variety of Metazoans49
Snowball or Slushball Earth50
Chapter 5The Cambrian Explosion54
Ediacaran (Vendian) Animals54
The Evolution of Skeletons56
The Burgess Fauna58
Solving the Cambrian Explosion59
Chapter 6Changing Life in a Changing World64
Diversity Patterns in the Fossil Record64
Global Tectonics and Global Diversity65
Changing Faunas Through Time69
Increase in Global Diversity73
Extinction and Mass Extinctions73
The Permo-Triassic (P-T) Extinction75
Evolutionary Radiations80
Chapter 7The Early Vertebrates84
Vertebrate Origins84
The Evolution of Jaws88
Bony Fishes91
Chapter 8Leaving the Water95
The Origin of Land Plants95
The Earliest Land Floras98
Comparing Plant and Animal Evolution101
The First Land Animals102
Air Breathing104
Limbs and Feet: Why Become Tetrapod?107
The First Tetrapods110
Chapter 9Tetrapods and Amniotes113
Early Tetrapods113
Amniotes and Amniota117
Carboniferous Land Ecology121
Chapter 10Early Amniotes and Thermoregulation124
The Amniote Radiation124
Pelycosaurs125
Pelycosaur Biology and Ecology126
Vegetarian Pelycosaurs128
How Does Herbivory Evolve in Tetrapods?129
Thermoregulation in Living Reptiles130
Permian Changes132
The Invasion of Gondwana133
Therapsid Evolution134
Chapter 11The Triassic Takeover139
Diapsids139
The Triassic Diapsid Takeover: The Pattern141
Respiration, Metabolism, and Locomotion143
Rhynchosaurs146
Locomotion and Triassic Archosauromorphs146
Dinosaur Ancestors149
Chapter 12Dinosaurs151
Theropods151
Ornithischians156
Sauropodomorphs157
Dinosaur Paleobiology: Life at Large Size159
Dinosaur Behavior161
Dinosaur Eggs and Nests163
Were Dinosaurs Warmblooded?164
Dinosaurs with Feathers166
Doubts about Endothermy?169
Chapter 13The Evolution of Flight176
Flight in Insects177
Parachuting Vertebrates179
Pterosaurs181
Birds185
Bats192
Chapter 14The Modernization of Land and Sea196
Mesozoic Ocean Ecosystems196
The Modernization of Land Plants203
Mesozoic Plants and Pollination204
Mesozoic Plants and Seed Dispersal206
Angiosperms and Mesozoic Ecology209
Chapter 15The Origin of Mammals213
Evolving Mammalian Characters214
Mammalian Reproduction218
Early Mammals220
Therian Mammals223
The Inferiority of Mammals225
Chapter 16The End of the Dinosaurs228
An Asteroid or Cometary Impact?229
A Giant Volcanic Eruption?231
Did a Catastrophe Cause the Extinctions?231
Paleontological Evidence From the K-T Boundary232
Chapter 17Cenozoic Mammals: Origins, Guilds, and Trends238
The Evolution of Cenozoic Mammals239
Ecological Replacement: The Guild Concept244
The Savanna Story248
Evolution by Improvement250
Chapter 18Geography and Evolution255
Australia255
New Zealand258
South America259
Africa262
Islands and Biogeography264
Chapter 19Primates267
The Living Prosimians268
Earliest Primates268
The Origin of Anthropoids271
Emergence of the Hominoids274
Chapter 20Evolving Toward Humans278
Australopithecines279
The Appearance (or Not) of Homo283
Homo erectus: the First "Real" Homo?286
The Origin of Homo sapiens289
The Neanderthals290
Evolution Among Humans Today293
Chapter 21Life in the Ice Age297
Ice Ages and Climatic Change297
The Present Ice Age299
Life and Climate in the Ice Ages300
Continental Changes301
The Americas304
Australia307
Island Extinctions308
Experienced Faunas310
The World Today312
Index316

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