A History of Modern Latin America: 1800 to the Present / Edition 1

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Overview

A History of Modern Latin America: 1800 to the Present examines the diverse and interlocking experiences of people of indigenous, African, and European backgrounds from the onset of independence until today.

  • Illustrates and analyzes the major and minor events that shape history, the triumphs and defeats, and the everyday lives of people of varied classes and racial and ethnic backgrounds
  • Intersperses accounts of the lives of prominent figures with those of ordinary people
  • Emphasizes gender's role in influencing political and economic change and shaping cultural identity

Student and instructor resources available at http://minerva.union.edu/meadet/modernlatinamerica/index.html

[Wiley disclaims all responsibility and liability for the content of any third-party websites that can be linked to from this website. Users assume sole responsibility for accessing third-party websites and the use of any content appearing on such websites. Any views expressed in such websites are the views of the authors of the content appearing on those websites and not the views of Wiley or its affiliates, nor do they in any way represent an endorsement by Wiley or its affiliates.]

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"In sum, an engaging text based on recent interpretations that will appeal to those who appreciate a conceptual and topical approach to Latin American history. Recommended. All levels/libraries." (Choice, 1 March 2011)
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Teresa A. Meade is Florence B. Sherwood Professor of History and Culture at Union College, New York. She is the author of “Civilizing” Rio: Reform and Resistance in a Brazilian City (1997), A Brief History of Brazil, 2nd edition (2009), and co-editor of the Blackwell Companion to Gender History (2004) and Science, Medicine and Cultural Imperialism (1991). She has written widely on Latin America, and on women and gender history.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Maps

Preface

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction to the Land and Its People

Geography

People

Economies

Politics

Culture and Entertainment

Latin America: Past and Present

2 Latin America in 1790

Colonial Background

Power and Privilege

Land

Colonial Administration

Enlightened Monarchy

The Agents of the Reform

Disorder and Rebellion

Discontent and Disorder in Brazil

Changing Gender Roles

On the Road to Independence

Nationalism and American Culture

Conclusion

3 Competing Notions of Freedom

Five Roads to Independence

African Slavery in the Americas

Slavery and the Countryside

Slavery in the Cities

Treatment and Punishment

Slavery and the Church

African Medicine and Religious Practices

Resistance and Rebellion

The Sugar Colony of Saint-Domingue

The Slave Revolt

The Revolution Betrayed

Brazil’s Independent Empire

Independence in Mexico

South American Independence

Post-independence Changes in Racial and Gender Status

The Last Holdout of Slavery in Spanish America

Latin America in a Changing World Order

Conclusion

4 Fragmented Nationalisms

Searching for Political and Economic Unity

New World "Feudalism"

Post-independence Politics

Argentina and the Tyrants

Populist Caudillismo: Paraguay and Bolivia

After Caudillismo

Race, Race Mixture, and Liberalism

Gender and Liberalism

Intersections of Gender, Race, and Class

Nationalism

Conclusion

5 Latin America’s Place in the Commodity Chain

The Guano Boom

Nitrates in Chile

Sugar and Coffee

The Growth of São Paulo

Colombian Coffee

The Rubber Boom

Expanding Exports

Mexico and US Expansion

The North American Invasion

General López de Santa Anna

The New Age of Imperialism

Central America and the Panama Canal

Ecuador and the "Panama" Hat

Independence at Last? Cuba and Puerto Rico

Conclusion

6 Immigration, and Urban and Rural Life

Asian Immigration

European Immigration

The Southern Cone

Life on the Pampas

British Investment

The Changing Cultural Landscape

Urban Renewal

Mexico and Benito Juárez

French Invasions

The Rise of Porfirio Díaz

Intellectual Theories: Positivism and Eugenics

Conclusion

7 Revolution from Countryside to City: Mexico

The Porfiriato

Opposition to the Porfiriato

Constitutional Opposition

Madero Assassinated

US Intervention

Women in Combat

Carranza as President

The Constitution of 1917

Aftermath of Struggle

Agrarian Revolts in Latin America

Conclusion

8 The Left and the Socialist Alternative

Socialism on the World Stage

Social Reform and the Middle Class

Anarchism, Socialism, and Anarcho-syndicalism

Women in the Workforce

Colombia: Resistance to the United Fruit Company

The Labor Movement

Socialism and the Arts

Tenentes Revolt and Brazilian Communism

Modern Art Week in Brazil

Women in the Arts

Socialism vs. Capitalism

José Carlos Mariátegui

Conclusion

9 Populism and the Struggle for Change

Getúlio Vargas and "New State" Politics

Juan Perón and Peronism

Perón’s Fall from Grace

Politics Engendered

Revolutionizing Mexico: Lázaro Cárdenas

Populism in Colombia and Peru

Central America

The Long Twentieth Century

Conclusion

10 Post-World War II Struggles for Sovereignty

World War II

Temporary Worker Program

Post-war Latin America

Military vs. Civilian Rule

The Absolute Dictator: Rafael Trujillo

Americas in Transition: Guatemala and Bolivia

Guatemala

Revolution in Bolivia

Mining and the Voice of Bolivian Activism

The Revolution in Decline

Conclusion

11 Cuba: Guerrillas Take Power

"History Will Absolve Me"

Causes for Discontent

The Revolutionary War

The Special Period in Peacetime

Cuba and the World

Ernesto "Che" Guevara

What Difference Did the Revolution Make?

Democratic Shortcomings

Conclusion

12 Progress and Reaction

Modernization and Progress

Brazil’s Military Coup

The National Security State

Latin America’s Youth Movement

Mexico

The Massacre at Tlateloco

The Chilean Road to Socialism

The Chilean Road to Socialism Dead Ends

Urban Guerrilla Warfare: Uruguay

Urban Guerrilla Warfare: Argentina

Dictatorship and State Terror

Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo

The War of the Malvinas/Falkland Islands

Movements for Revolutionary Change: Peru

Sendero Luminoso, the Shining Path

Women and Shining Path

Repression and Fujimori

Conclusion

13 Revolution and Its Alternatives

A Changing Catholic Church

Marxism and Catholic Humanism

The Opposition

The Somozas versus Sandino: the Next Generation

The Sandinista Opposition

Sandinistas in Power

United States and the Sandinistas

Effects of the Contra War

Central America in Turmoil: El Salvador and Guatemala

Politics of Repression in El Salvador

The Opposition

The Fighting Ends

Guatemala: The Bloodiest War

The Evangelical Alternative

Colombia: The Longest War

The War on Drugs in Latin America

Conclusion

14 The Americas in the Twenty-first Century

The Washington Consensus

Brazil and the Workers’ Alternative

The Workers’ Party in Power

Bolivia: Twenty-first-century Indigenismo

Venezuela and Hugo Chávez

The Bolivarian Mission

Chávez and "the Pink Tide"

Complicating Social Ties

Chile’s Transition to Democracy

New Social Movements

Movements for Racial and Gender Equality

Women and Politics

The Latin Americanization of the United States

Immigration and Free Trade

Opponents Confront Free Trade

Immigration and Neoliberalism

Sharing the Environment and the Cost of Stewardship

Notes

Glossary

Further Reading

Index

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