A History of Modern Psychology / Edition 4

A History of Modern Psychology / Edition 4

by C. James Goodwin, Denise Hodgson-M_ckel
     
 

With this new text by C. James Goodwin, you will learn about the fascinating individuals who helped shape psychology. The book not only provides accounts about the pioneers of psychology, it also contains original sources by these psychologists interwoven with informative comments from the author. With this approach, students will gain a better understanding of how… See more details below

Overview

With this new text by C. James Goodwin, you will learn about the fascinating individuals who helped shape psychology. The book not only provides accounts about the pioneers of psychology, it also contains original sources by these psychologists interwoven with informative comments from the author. With this approach, students will gain a better understanding of how past events shape the present field of psychology.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781118011454
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
12/20/2011
Series:
CourseSmart Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
576
Product dimensions:
7.60(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Summaries of Important Features
Ch. 1Introducing Psychology's History1
Psychology and Its History2
Why Study History?3
Why Study Psychology's History?5
Key Issues in History7
Historiography: Doing and Writing History15
Ch. 2The Philosophical Context24
A Long Past25
Descartes and the Beginnings of Modern Philosophy and Science25
The British Empiricist Argument and the Associationists34
Rationalist Responses to Empiricism50
In Perspective52
Ch. 3The Neurophysiology Context55
Heroic Science in the Age of Enlightenment56
Sensory Physiology57
Localization of Brain Function65
Early Twentieth-Century Studies of the Nervous System and Behavior77
Ch. 4Wundt and German Psychology85
An Education in Germany86
On the Threshold of Experimental Psychology: Psychophysics86
Wundt Establishes a New Psychology at Leipzig92
The New Psychology Spreads105
Ch. 5Darwin's Century: Evolutionary Thinking118
The Species Problem119
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) and the Theory of Evolution120
The Origins of Comparative Psychology131
Studying Individual Differences138
Darwin's Century in Perspective146
Ch. 6American Pioneers149
Psychology in Nineteenth-Century America150
William James (1842-1910): America's First Psychologist153
G. Stanley Hall (1844-1924): Professionalizing Psychology164
Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930): Challenging the Male Monopoly173
The New Psychology at the Millennium179
Ch. 7Structuralism and Functionalism182
Titchener's Psychology: Structuralism183
America's Psychology: Functionalism199
Ch. 8Applying the New Psychology217
Pressures Toward Application218
The Mental Testing Movement219
Applying Psychology to Business242
Hugo Munsterberg (1863-1916): The Diversity of Applied Psychology243
Other Leading Industrial Psychologists250
Ch. 9Gestalt Psychology255
The Origins and Development of Gestalt Psychology256
Gestalt Psychology and Perception262
The Gestalt Approach to Cognition and Learning265
Kurt Lewin (1890-1947): Expanding the Gestalt Vision274
In Perspective: Gestalt Psychology in America285
Ch. 10The Origins of Behaviorism289
Behaviorism's Antecedents290
Pavlov's Life and Work291
John B. Watson and the Founding of Behaviorism301
Ch. 11The Evolution of Behaviorism321
Post-Watsonian Behaviorism322
Edward C. Tolman (1886-1959): A Purposive Behaviorism326
Clark Hull (1884-1952): A Hypothetico-Deductive System336
B. F. Skinner (1904-1990): A Radical Behaviorism343
Behaviorism in Perspective355
Ch. 12Psychoanalysis and Clinical Psychology358
Early Treatment of the Mentally Ill359
Mesmerism and Hypnosis363
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939): Founding Psychoanalysis368
Clinical Psychology in America386
Ch. 13The Postwar Emergency of Cognitive Psychology397
Cognitive Psychology Arrives (Again)398
Ch. 14Linking Psychology's Past and Present425
The Growth and Diversity of Psychology426
Trends in Contemporary Psychology432
Psychology or Psychologies?438
References443
Glossary463
Photo, Text, and Illustration Credits475
Name Index479
Subject Index485

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