A History of Modern Psychology / Edition 4

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With this new text by C. James Goodwin, you will learn about the fascinating individuals who helped shape psychology. The book not only provides accounts about the pioneers of psychology, it also contains original sources by these psychologists interwoven with informative comments from the author. With this approach, students will gain a better understanding of how past events shape the present field of psychology.
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Editorial Reviews

This college text starts with Descartes in the Renaissance and ends with trends in contemporary psychology such as the research of Hebb in brain-behavior relationships. It covers a broad scope of major psychological thought, aiming to give students a sense of the historical context of the discipline. Extracts from original writings are interwoven with with the author's historical and interpretive narrative. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118011454
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/20/2011
  • Series: CourseSmart Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 576
  • Sales rank: 325,487
  • Product dimensions: 7.60 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Summaries of Important Features
Ch. 1 Introducing Psychology's History 1
Psychology and Its History 2
Why Study History? 3
Why Study Psychology's History? 5
Key Issues in History 7
Historiography: Doing and Writing History 15
Ch. 2 The Philosophical Context 24
A Long Past 25
Descartes and the Beginnings of Modern Philosophy and Science 25
The British Empiricist Argument and the Associationists 34
Rationalist Responses to Empiricism 50
In Perspective 52
Ch. 3 The Neurophysiology Context 55
Heroic Science in the Age of Enlightenment 56
Sensory Physiology 57
Localization of Brain Function 65
Early Twentieth-Century Studies of the Nervous System and Behavior 77
Ch. 4 Wundt and German Psychology 85
An Education in Germany 86
On the Threshold of Experimental Psychology: Psychophysics 86
Wundt Establishes a New Psychology at Leipzig 92
The New Psychology Spreads 105
Ch. 5 Darwin's Century: Evolutionary Thinking 118
The Species Problem 119
Charles Darwin 1809-1882 and the Theory of Evolution 120
The Origins of Comparative Psychology 131
Studying Individual Differences 138
Darwin's Century in Perspective 146
Ch. 6 American Pioneers 149
Psychology in Nineteenth-Century America 150
William James 1842-1910: America's First Psychologist 153
G. Stanley Hall 1844-1924: Professionalizing Psychology 164
Mary Whiton Calkins 1863-1930: Challenging the Male Monopoly 173
The New Psychology at the Millennium 179
Ch. 7 Structuralism and Functionalism 182
Titchener's Psychology: Structuralism 183
America's Psychology: Functionalism 199
Ch. 8 Applying the New Psychology 217
Pressures Toward Application 218
The Mental Testing Movement 219
Applying Psychology to Business 242
Hugo Munsterberg 1863-1916: The Diversity of Applied Psychology 243
Other Leading Industrial Psychologists 250
Ch. 9 Gestalt Psychology 255
The Origins and Development of Gestalt Psychology 256
Gestalt Psychology and Perception 262
The Gestalt Approach to Cognition and Learning 265
Kurt Lewin 1890-1947: Expanding the Gestalt Vision 274
In Perspective: Gestalt Psychology in America 285
Ch. 10 The Origins of Behaviorism 289
Behaviorism's Antecedents 290
Pavlov's Life and Work 291
John B. Watson and the Founding of Behaviorism 301
Ch. 11 The Evolution of Behaviorism 321
Post-Watsonian Behaviorism 322
Edward C. Tolman 1886-1959: A Purposive Behaviorism 326
Clark Hull 1884-1952: A Hypothetico-Deductive System 336
B. F. Skinner 1904-1990: A Radical Behaviorism 343
Behaviorism in Perspective 355
Ch. 12 Psychoanalysis and Clinical Psychology 358
Early Treatment of the Mentally Ill 359
Mesmerism and Hypnosis 363
Sigmund Freud 1856-1939: Founding Psychoanalysis 368
Clinical Psychology in America 386
Ch. 13 The Postwar Emergency of Cognitive Psychology 397
Cognitive Psychology Arrives Again 398
Ch. 14 Linking Psychology's Past and Present 425
The Growth and Diversity of Psychology 426
Trends in Contemporary Psychology 432
Psychology or Psychologies? 438
References 443
Glossary 463
Photo, Text, and Illustration Credits 475
Name Index 479
Subject Index 485
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