A History of Philosophy in America, 1720-2000 / Edition 1

A History of Philosophy in America, 1720-2000 / Edition 1

3.0 1
by Bruce Kuklick
     
 

ISBN-10: 0198250312

ISBN-13: 9780198250319

Pub. Date: 04/25/2002

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Here at last is an American counterpart to Bertrand Russell's History of Western Philosophy. The eminent historian Bruce Kuklick tells the fascinating story of the growth of philosophyical thinking in the USA, in the context of the intellectual and social changes of the times. Kuklick sketches the genesis of these intellectual practices in New England Calvinism and

Overview

Here at last is an American counterpart to Bertrand Russell's History of Western Philosophy. The eminent historian Bruce Kuklick tells the fascinating story of the growth of philosophyical thinking in the USA, in the context of the intellectual and social changes of the times. Kuklick sketches the genesis of these intellectual practices in New England Calvinism and the writing of Jonathan Edwards. He discusses theology in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and the origins of collegiate philosophy in the early part of the nineteenth century. We see the development of secular preconceptions and the emergence, after Darwin's writings of the mid-late nineteenth century, of forms of thought hostile to religion. Philosophy is situated in a variety of cultural contexts -- the ministry, the growing system of higher learning, the conflict between philosophers and theologians and between amateur and professional thinkers, the suspicion of European ideas, and worries about the relevance of philosophy to public and political life.

Kuklick's narrative portrays such great thinkers as Charles Peirce, William James, John Dewey, C. I. Lewis, Wilfrid Sellars, W. V. Quine, and Richard Rorty, and assesses their contributions to philosophy. He brings us right up to date with the first historical treatment of the period after pragmatism, and the fragmentation of philosophy in the second half of the twentieth century. Kuklick steers a controversial course between the divergent views that historians and philosophers take of the significance of philosophy in recent years. Anyone interested in American intellectual history, or in how philosophy got where it is today, will enjoy this book.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780198250319
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
04/25/2002
Pages:
346
Product dimensions:
9.30(w) x 6.30(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Introductionx
Part ISpeculative Thought in America, 1720-18681
1Calvinism and Jonathan Edwards5
2Philosophy and Politics26
3Theological Dispute38
From Joseph Bellamy, True Religion Delineated (1750) to Nathaniel William Taylor, Moral Government of God (1858)
4Collegiate Philosophy58
From John Witherspoon, Lectures on Moral Philosophy (1800) to Noah Porter, The Human Intellect (1868)
5Innovative Amateurs75
From James Marsh's Edition of Coleridge's Aids to Reflection (1829) to the Journal of Speculative Philosophy (1867)
Part IIThe Age of Pragmatism, 1859-193495
6The Shape of Revolution97
The Impact in America of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species (1859), J. S. Mill's Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy (1865), and German higher criticism
7The Consensus on Idealism, 1870-1900111
8Pragmatism in Cambridge129
From Charles Peirce 'On a New List of Categories' (1867) to Morris Cohen (ed.), Chance, Love, and Logic: Philosophical Essays by the Late Charles S. Peirce, the Founder of Pragmatism (1923)
9Pragmatism at Harvard150
From William James, 'Spencer's Definition of Mind' (1878) to Josiah Royce, The Problem of Christianity (1913)
10Instrumentalism in Chicago and New York179
From John Dewey (ed.), Studies in Logical Theory (1903) to John Dewey, A Common Faith (1934)
Part IIIProfessional Philosophy, 1912-2000199
11Professional Realism201
From The New Realism (1912) to Wilfrid Sellars, 'Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind' (1956)
12Europe's Impact on the United States225
From Rudolph Carnap, Logische Aufbau der Welt (1928) to Herbert Marcuse, One Dimensional Man (1964)
13Harvard and Oxford243
From Nelson Goodman, 'The Problem of Counterfactual Conditionals' (1946) to W. V. O. Quine, 'Empirically Equivalent Systems of the World' (1975)
14The Tribulations of Professional Philosophy259
From Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962) to Richard Rorty, Philosophy and Social Hope (1999)
Conclusion282
Methods, Sources, Notes286
Acknowledgements312
Index313

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