A History of Philosophy in the Twentieth Century

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Overview

In A History of Philosophy in the Twentieth Century, Christian Delacampagne reviews the discipline's divergent and dramatic course and shows that its greatest figures, even the most unworldly among them, were deeply affected by events of their time. From Ludwig Wittgenstein, whose famous Tractatus was actually composed in the trenches during World War I, to Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger—one who found himself barred from public life with Hitler's coming to power, the other a member of the Nazi party who ...

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Overview

In A History of Philosophy in the Twentieth Century, Christian Delacampagne reviews the discipline's divergent and dramatic course and shows that its greatest figures, even the most unworldly among them, were deeply affected by events of their time. From Ludwig Wittgenstein, whose famous Tractatus was actually composed in the trenches during World War I, to Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger—one who found himself barred from public life with Hitler's coming to power, the other a member of the Nazi party who later refused to repudiate German war crimes. From Bertrand Russell, whose lifelong pacifism led him to turn from logic and mathematics to social and moral questions, and Jean-Paul Sartre, who made philosophy an occasion for direct and personal political engagement, to Rudolf Carnap, a committed socialist, and Karl Popper, a resolute opponent of Communism. From the Vienna Circle and the Frankfurt School to the contemporary work of philosophers as variously minded as Jacques Derrida, Jürgen Habermas, and Hilary Putnam. The thinking of these philosophers, and scores of others, cannot be understood without being placed in the context of the times in which they lived.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Choice

Delacampagne relates major philosophical trends over the past 120 years on both sides of the Atlantic to their historic settings... The scope of this survey is impressive.

Dimensions

This is no ordinary history of philosophy. Its novelty lies not only in the fact that it locates the great philosophers of the twentieth century within the tragic events of our century, but, so far as I know, it is the first history of philosophy that points out the effects on and the responses of different philosophers to the Holocaust.

Choice

Delacampagne relates major philosophical trends over the past 120 years on both sides of the Atlantic to their historic settings... The scope of this survey is impressive.

Boston Book Review - Neal Leavitt

A richly detailed picture of the works of philosophy... [Delacampagne] proves to be an enlivening guide to the labyrinth of recent philosophical thought... He lucidly outlines the convergence and divergence of lines of thought in the bewildering maze of modern intellectual life.

Neal Leavitt
A richly detailed picture of the works of philosophy . . . [Delacampagne] proves to be an enlivening guide to the labyrinth of recent philosophical thought . . . He lucidly outlines the convergence and divergence of lines of thought in the bewildering maze of modern intellectual life. —Boston Book Review
David Pellauer
The emphasis in the title of Delacampagne's volume should be on the preposition "in" since this is not just a history of twentieth-century philosophy but a history that tries to take some account of the cultural and political setting as well as the specific content of what various philosophers and philosophical movements have said during this period.
Booknews
Reviews philosophy's divergent and dramatic course in the 20th century and shows that its greatest figures were deeply affected by events of their time. Describes 20th-century philosophy's two major branches as complementary rather than unalterably opposed, tracing the roots of Anglo-American and Continental philosophy to their common source in the work of Frege and the revolt against Kant. The author teaches French and Italian at Connecticut College. Originally published as cle/>, 1995, <'E>ditions du Seuil. This translation is revised and corrected by the author. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801868146
  • Publisher: Hopkins Fulfillment Service
  • Publication date: 9/28/2001
  • Edition description: REPRINT
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 356
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.79 (d)

Meet the Author

Christian Delacampagne is a graduate of the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. He has served as director of the French Institutes in Barcelona, Cairo, Madrid, and Tel-Aviv and, more recently, as the cultural and scientific attaché of the French Embassy in Boston. He presently teaches in the Department of French and Italian at Connecticut College, in New London.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents

Contents:



Preface to the English-Language Edition

Preface to the Original Edition

Introduction: The Birth of Modernity



1 The Sure Path of Science

Progress in Logic

From Logic to Phenomenology

From Logic to Politics

Wittgenstein's Dissidence



2 Philosophies of the End

The End of Europe

The End of Oppression

The End of Metaphysics

After the End



3 Conceiving Auschwitz

Paths of Exile

Heidegger's Choice

Preliminary Inquiries

Investigation of the Case



4 In the Cold War

Partisans of Liberalism

Defender of Liberty

In Search of a Third Way

Avatars of Marxism



5 Reason in Question

Structure versus Subject

A History of Truth

From Deconstruction to Neopragmatism

Communication or Investigation?



Epilogue: The Unfinished Cathedral

Notes

Select Bibliography

Index

Johns Hopkins University Press

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 27, 2002

    Prof. Delacampagne'book on political philosophy is a reference in political science studies

    Christian Delacampagne account on the story and major contributions on political philosophy is, on my oppinion, one of the leading studies on modern contemporary philosophy. I would not hesitate in recomending it for students, political scientists and anyone interested in perceiving current lines of fraction in political studies. An European, prof. Delacampagne adds a particular approach to these area o studies not common in anglo-american common best-offs. I would position side-aside with Jonathan Wolff, ''Introduction to Political Philosophy'' or Leo Strauss and Joseph Cropsey, ''History of Political Science''. On my behalf has the advantage of a close generational view familiar to current European leading generation: the transition of a philosophical quest for liberty and democracy in western societies that at the same time must preserve order and security, If I can say it is a communitarian view akin with the French tradition of the Left and social-democracy. Its chapter on Rawls, Nozick (recently deceased at the age of 63), Waltzer, kymlicka and so many important liberals it'e very well sustained and articulated.

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