History of the Development of Japanese Thought: From 592 to 1868

History of the Development of Japanese Thought: From 592 to 1868

by Natamura
     
 

ISBN-10: 0710306504

ISBN-13: 9780710306500

Pub. Date: 11/15/1999

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This revised and expanded edition of a classic work traces the development of the history of philosophy in pre-modern Japan. While many historians take the view that Japanese philosophy only started with the Meiji Restoration and the entrance of Western culture into Japan, Hajime Nakamura demonstrates that there has been a long history of philosophy in Japan prior to

Overview

This revised and expanded edition of a classic work traces the development of the history of philosophy in pre-modern Japan. While many historians take the view that Japanese philosophy only started with the Meiji Restoration and the entrance of Western culture into Japan, Hajime Nakamura demonstrates that there has been a long history of philosophy in Japan prior to the Meiji. Beginning in 592 AD, when Japan first became a centralized state and continuing into the early modern era, this work deals with the important problems and salient feature of Japanese philosophical thought at all stages in its development, dealing with subjects such as the philosophical ideas of the Nara and Heian periods, Japanese medieval thought, the major sects of Buddhism, the way of meditation, controversy between Buddhism and Christianity, modern trends in the Tokugawa period, religion and capitalism, Buddhist influences upon Japanese ways of thinking, and the basic features of Japanese philosophical thought.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780710306500
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
11/15/1999
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Preface
I.The Ideal of A Universal State and Its Philosophical Basis--Prince Shotoku and his Successors1
1.The Universal State1
2.Administration of the Centralized State8
3.Cultural Policy14
4.Philosophical Thought17
Dialectic
Theory of Cause and Effect
The Absolute
This-Worldliness
Moral Values
High Regard for Industriousness
Tolerance
Pacifism
II.Philosophical Ideas of the Nara and Heian Periods39
1.Introductory Remarks39
The Six Sects of the Nara Period
The Two Major Sects of the Heian Period
2.Voidness43
3.Existence in Interrelation45
4.The Absolute48
Words and Categories
Forms of the Buddha
5.Affirmation of the World49
6.Synthesis of Philosophies52
III.Medieval Thought59
1.The Social Background59
2.The Supremacy of Religion61
Major Sects of Buddhism
Other-Wordliness
Establishment of Religious Authority
Approach to the Common People
3.Compassion and Schools of Pure Faith70
The Compassion-Love Doctrine
The Role of Bodhisattvas
Vicarious Atonement
Deliverance in the Pure Realm
Sense of Sin and Need of Divine Grace
4.The Way of Meditation86
The Object of Contemplation
Intuitive Knowledge of Mystics
Practical Significance of Meditation
The Absolute in Phenomena
5.The Concept of Time and Change93
6.Philosophy of History100
7.Conclusions104
IV.Controversy Between Buddhism and Christianity--The Period of Contact with the West111
1.The Encounter of Jodo Buddhism and Christianity--A Case Study of Banzui'i Shonin111
The Problem
Banzui'l's Anti-Christian Activities
Characteristics of the Encounter
2.Suzuki Shosan's Criticism of Christianity126
The Problem
Criticism corresponding to Western Criticism
Criticism from a Buddhist Point of View
Characteristics of Shosan's Criticism
Conclusion
V.Modern Trends--General Features of the Tokugawa Period151
1.Introductory Remarks151
2.Critical Attitude152
Consciousness of Ego
Empirical Inquiry
Nature and Natural Law
The Idea of Evolution
3.Changes in the Valuation of Traditional Symbols161
The Problems
Denunciation of Religious Formalism and Stress on Inner Devotion
Denunciation of the Charismatic Authority of the Individual
Denunciation of Religious Differences
4.Changes in the Valuation of Man166
Value of Man as the Supreme (Stress on Human Love)
Equality of Men (Anti-Discrimination)
This-Worldliness
Esteem for Inner-Worldly Activity and Vocational Ethics
Lay Tendencies in Religion
Approach to the Common People
Service to People
Esteem for Ethical Values as over against Magic and Mysticism
Conclusion
VI.Modern Trends--Specific Problems of the Tokugawa Period193
1.Religion and Capitalism193
The Problem
The Problem in Japanese Tendai
Suzuki Shosan and the Ethics of Work
(1)Fundamental Standpoint
(2)Virtue in All Walks of Life
(3)Labor and Farming
(4)The Ethics of Merchants
(5)Religion in Business
(6)Significance in the History of Thought
2.The Science of Philosophies--Tominaga Nakamoto (1715-1746) and the History of Philosophies211
Philological Method
Humanism
Endemic Philosophy
Historical Relativism
The Way of Truth
Particularism
VII.Problems of Japanese Philosophical Thought240
1.Basic Features of the Legal, Political, and Economic Thought240
Esteem for Human Nature
The Spirit of Harmony or Concord
The Concept of Law
Nationalism and Imperial Prestige
Economic Activities in This-Worldly Life
2.Buddhist Influence upon Japanese Ways of Thinking270
Introductory Remarks
Humanitarianism
Moral Self-Reflection
Tolerance
Concluding Words288
A Bibliography of Works in Western Languages291

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