A History of the Modern Middle East / Edition 5

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This comprehensive work provides a penetrating analysis of modern Middle Eastern history, from the Ottoman and Egyptian reforms, through the challenge of Western imperialism, to the impact of US foreign policies. After introducing the reader to the region’s history from the origins of Islam in the seventh century, A History of the Modern Middle East focuses on the past two centuries of profound and often dramatic change. Although built around a framework of political history, the book also carefully integrates social, cultural, and economic developments into a single, expertly crafted account. In updating this fifth edition of the late William Cleveland’s popular introductory text, Martin Bunton provides a thorough account of the major transformative developments over the past four years, including a new chapter on the tumultuous Arab uprisings and the participation of Islamist parties in a new political order in the Middle East.

This comprehensive work provides an analysis of the last two centuries of Middle Eastern history, from the rise of the Safavids and Ottomans to the recent Gulf War. Explains the deep historical currents flowing beneath today's headlines--essential reading for anyone seeking a better understanding of today's turbulent world. Photos. Maps.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A History of the Modern Middle East is a comprehensive work integrating social, cultural, and economic developments into a single, expertly crafted account.”

Praise for Prior Editions:

"This volume is history in the best sense. …A superbly written analysis of the social and political disruptions of the Middle East. This updated volume does an excellent job of weaving together various strands of a complex subject in a coherent narrative. It is recommended reading for all serious students who want to understand how the Middle East got to where it is today."
Phebe Marr, author of The Modern History of Iraq and fellow at the U.S. Institute for Peace

"This is the best comprehensive survey of modern Middle East history in the literature. The authors excel at translating complex and controversial subject matter in a highly readable manner without sacrificing cogent and insightful analysis. I highly recommend it. "
David W. Lesch, professor of Middle East History, Trinity University

“This excellent survey has been used in many colleges and universities as a standard text since its first edition…In this particularly turbulent period of history, this book should be of interest not only to students, but also to every citizen who has to make some judgment, one way or another, about the US role in the Middle East. "

"William L. Cleveland updates his text on modern Middle Eastern history in this third edition, focusing on political, social, economic, and ideological developments throughout the region. Cleveland makes it clear that this book is meant to be 'an examination of the past, not of the present or the future,' but reserves space in the Epilogue to discuss the ramifications of the September 11th terrorist attacks and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq."
Middle East Journal

"The book masterfully intertwines complex strands of history—from sectarian conflict in Lebanon to the Arab-Israeli conflicts, to the impact of oil wealth and the Iranian revolution. No other volume does this so well."
Elizabeth Thompson, History, University of Virginia

"Highly recommended for anyone interested in a remarkably well-crafted introduction to the history, politics, and international relations of the Middle East."
International Journal

"Lucidly written, well researched and an ideal work of introduction and reference for students of the region."
Middle Eastern Studies

"This survey of the history of the modern Middle East has been well received by scholars in the field. Sophisticated and stimulating…Cleveland has contributed a well-balanced, well-researched, and well-planned introductory text for the study of the modern Middle East."
Judith Mendelsohn Rood, Turkish Studies Association Bulletin

"The difficulties of writing an introductory text on the modern Middle East have largely been overcome by William Cleveland in this lucid and impartial history. Perhaps the greatest virtue of the book is the author’s sympathetic detachment in his treatment of an ideologically charged history. Always measured in his assessments, Cleveland avoids lionizing and vilifying whether discussing the colonial experience, the rise of nationalism, the struggle for Palestine, the influence of Nasser or the Islamic resurgence."
Eugene Rogan, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies

"Cleveland’s timely book is now the most comprehensive, up-to-date introduction to the history of the modern Middle East, and it is likely to remain so for a good long while. He does a marvelous job of rendering intelligible the complex political and social changes that the Middle East experienced in the past two centuries. Readers will be grateful to Cleveland for blending much of the best recent historical scholarship into this fine book and for making it eminently readable."
Philip S. Khoury, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

"An excellent overview of the history of the modern Middle East. Eminently clear, comprehensive, and insightful. A truly superior book."
James Jankowski, University of Colorado

"Cleveland has put his recognized expertise on Arab nationalism and modern Islamic movements to particularly good use in this learned, sensitive, and highly readable account of the past two centuries of Middle Eastern history. The formidable task of combining thematic with country-by-country treatment is accomplished remarkably well."
Donald M. Reid, Georgia State University

"With the accuracy and balance that the scholar would insist on and with the spirited readability that the student would hope for, this is a fine interpretive study of the Middle East during the past two centuries. A richly textured history, it handles the challenge of highlighting the cultural unity characterizing the Middle East while also demonstrating the region’s diversity-political, religious, cultural, and economic."
L. Carl Brown, Princeton University

"Cleveland has written a cogent and comprehensive political history of the Middle East in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, prefaced by a concise and readable introduction to Islamic history. He is particularly successful in pointing to the persistence and strength of traditional modes of thought and belief in bringing about the reassertion of Islamic identity in the face of the moral bankruptcy of contemporary Middle Eastern regimes and the disempowering pressures of everyday life…this book should do much to demystify common misconceptions about this complex and frequently misunderstood region."
Peter Sluglett, Durham University

"A solid, well-written, and well-packed introductory text that will be easily accessible to inductees into modern Middle Eastern history… Careful readers of Cleveland’s text will discover that in a quiet and persuasive manner the author challenges many popularly held beliefs and (mis)perceptions."
International Journal of Middle East Studies

"Impressive political history…Provides a brief but useful exposition of Islam and what the faithful believe is expected of them."
New York Times Book Review

"Quite simply the best introduction to the nineteenth- and twentieth-century Middle East available. Cleveland has set a new standard for Middle East historical synthesis that will be difficult to outdo."
Journal of Palestine Studies

"Cleveland’s informative and eminently readable text is the best available survey of the modern Middle East…. Cleveland avoids the simplistic view that the recent history of the Middle East is one of ’modernization,’ and sets the very real ’transformation’ of Middle Eastern societies in the context of efforts by their inhabitants to find genuine and sustainable identities…Highly recommended."

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813348339
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 12/4/2012
  • Edition description: Fifth Edition, Fifth Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 600
  • Sales rank: 86,567
  • Product dimensions: 8.80 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

The late William L. Cleveland was professor of history at Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Martin Bunton is an associate professor of history at the University of Victoria, British Columbia. He is the editor of Land Legislation in Mandate Palestine.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Preface to the Fifth Edition xi

Acknowledgments xvii

A Note About Place Names and Transliteration xix

Part 1 The Development of Islamic Civilization to the Eighteenth Century 1

1 The Rise and Expansion of Islam 4

2 The Development of Islamic Civilization to the Fifteenth Century 18

3 The Ottoman and Safavid Empires: A New Imperial Synthesis 34

Part 2 The Beginnings of the Era of Transformation 53

4 Forging a New Synthesis: The Pattern of Reforms, 1789-1849 56

5 The Ottoman Empire and Egypt During the Era of the Tanzimat 75

6 Egypt and Iran in the Late Nineteenth Century 95

7 The Response of Islamic Society 109

8 The Era of the Young Turks and the Iranian Constitutionalists 122

9 World War I and the End of the Ottoman Order 137

Part 3 The Struggle for Independence: The Interwar Era to the End of World War II 159

10 Authoritarian Reform in Turkey and Iran 162

11 The Arab Struggle for Independence: Egypt, Iraq, and Transjordan from the Interwar Era to 1945 179

12 The Arab Struggle for Independence: Syria, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia from the Interwar Era to 1945 201

13 The Palestine Mandate and the Birth of the State of Israel 221

Part 4 The Independent Middle East from the End of World War II to the 1970s 253

14 Democracy and Authoritarianism: Turkey and Iran 255

15 The Middle East in the Age of Nasser: The Egyptian Base 280

16 The Middle East in the Age of Nasser: The Radicalization of Arab Politics 301

17 Israel and the Palestinians from 1948 to the 1970s 322

Part 5 The Resurgence of Islam: The Middle East from the 1970s to the 1991 Gulf War 345

18 The Iranian Revolution and the Revival of Islam 347

19 Changing Patterns of War and Peace: Egypt and Lebanon in the 1970s and 1980s 369

20 The Arabian Peninsula in the Petroleum Era 393

21 The Consolidation of Authoritarian Rule in Syria and Iraq: The Regimes of Hafiz al-Asad and Saddam Husayn 414

Part 6 Challenges to the Existing Order: The Middle East in the 1990s and 2000s 439

22 The Palestinian Intifada and the 1991 Gulf War 441

23 A Peace so Near, a Peace so Far: Palestinian-Israeli Relations Since the 1991 Gulf War 463

24 Patterns of Continuity and Change in Turkey, Iran, and Lebanon 487

25 Americas Troubled Moment in the Middle East 505

26 The 2011 Arab Uprisings 522

Glossary 541

Select Bibliography 545

Index 569

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