A History of Western Society, Volume 1: From Antiquity to the Enlightenment / Edition 10

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Overview

Long praised by instructors and students alike for its readability and attention to everyday life, the eleventh edition of A History of Western Society includes even more built-in tools to engage today's students and save instructors time. This edition features a brand-new, comprehensive primary source program in-text and online, expanded chapters devoted to the lives of ordinary people that make the past real and relevant, and the best and latest scholarship throughout. Enhanced with a wealth of digital content—including carefully developed online document assignments for each chapter with auto-graded exercises—the eleventh edition provides easily assignable options for instructors and novel ways for students to master the content. Now integrated with LearningCurve, an adaptive online resource that helps students retain the material and come to class prepared.

To see an example of the new Online Document Assignment from Chapter 14, click here.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312640590
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 10/13/2010
  • Edition description: Tenth Edition
  • Edition number: 10
  • Pages: 656
  • Sales rank: 176,613
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

John P. McKay (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor emeritus at the University of Illinois. He has written or edited numerous works, including the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize-winning book Pioneers for Profit: Foreign Entrepreneurship and Russian Industrialization, 1885-1913.
 
Clare Haru Crowston (Ph.D., Cornell University) teaches at the University of Illinois, where she is currently associate professor of history. She is the author of Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791, which won the Berkshire and Hagley Prizes. She edited two special issues of the Journal of Women's History, has published numerous journal articles and reviews, and is a past president of the Society for French Historical Studies.

 

Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) taught first at Augustana College in Illinois, and since 1985 at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where she is currently UWM Distinguished Professor in the department of history. She is the coeditor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of more than twenty books, most recently The Marvelous Hairy Girls: The Gonzales Sisters and Their Worlds and Gender in History. She is the former Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.Joe Perry (Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) is Associate Professor of modern German and European history at Georgia State University. He has published numerous articles and is author of Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History (2010). His current research interests focus on issues of consumption, gender, and popular culture in West Germany and Western Europe after World War II.

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1
Origins 
ca. 400,000-1100 B.C.E.

 

Understanding Western History
Describing the West What Is Western Civilization, and Why?

 

From Caves to Towns
Paleolithic Life Neolithic Life

 

Mesopotamian Civilization
Environment and Mesopotamian Development The Invention of Writing and the First Schools Mesopotamian Thought and Religion Sumerian Social and Gender Divisions

 

The Spread of Mesopotamian Culture
The Triumph of Babylon Life Under Hammurabi

 

Egypt, the Land of the Pharaohs, 3100-1200 B.C.E.
The God-King of Egypt The Life of the Pharaoh's People The Hyksos in Egypt The New Kingdom: Revival and Empire

 

The Hittites and the End of an Era, ca. 1640-1100 B.C.E.
The Rise of the Hittites The Fall of Empires and the Survival of Cultures

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Living in the Past: The Iceman Listening to the Past: Gilgamesh's Quest for Immortality Individuals in Society: Nefertiti, the “Great Wife”

 

Chapter 2
Small Kingdoms and Mighty Empires in the Near East ca. 1100-513 B.C.E.

 

Disruption and Diffusion
The End of Egyptian Power The Rise of Phoenicia

 

The Children of Israel
The Hebrew State The Evolution of Jewish Religion The Lives of the Hebrews

 

Assyria, the Military Monarchy
The Power of Assyria Assyrian Rule and Culture The Neo-Babylonian Empire

 

The Empire of the Persian Kings
The Land of the Medes and Persians The Rise of the Persian Empire Persian Religion Persian Art and Culture

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Living in the Past: Assyrian Palace Life and Power Listening to the Past: The Covenant Between Yahweh and the Hebrews Individuals in Society: Cyrus the Great

 

Chapter 3
The Development of Classical Greece ca. 2000-338 B.C.E.

 

Hellas: The Land
The Minoans and Mycenaeans Homer, Hesiod, and the Epic

 

The Polis
Origins of the Polis Governing Structures

 

The Archaic Age, 800-500 B.C.E.
Overseas Expansion The Growth of Sparta The Evolution of Athens

 

The Classical Period, 500-338 B.C.E.
The Persian Wars Growth of the Athenian Empire The Peloponnesian War Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles Daily Life in Periclean Athens Gender and Sexuality Greek Religion The Flowering of Philosophy

 

The Final Act
The Struggle for Hegemony Philip II and Macedonian Supremacy

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Living in the Past: Triremes and Their Crews Listening to the Past: Thucydides on the Great Plague at Athens, 430 B.C.E.
Individuals in Society: Aspasia

 

Chapter 4
The Hellenistic World
336-30 B.C.E.

 

Alexander and the Great Crusade

 

Alexander's Legacy
From Hellenic to Hellenistic The Political Legacy The Cultural Legacy

 

The Spread of Hellenism
Cities and Kingdoms The Lives of the Greeks in the East Greeks and Easterners

 

The Economic Scope of the Hellenistic World
Agriculture and Industry Commerce

 

Religion and Hellenistic Intellectual Advances
Religion in the Hellenistic World Hellenism and the Jews Philosophy and the People Hellenistic Science Hellenistic Medicine

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Listening to the Past: Alexander's Prayer to Establish a Brotherhood of Man Living in the Past: Farming in the Hellenistic World Individuals in Society: Archimedes, Scientist and Inventor

 

Chapter 5
The Rise of Rome ca. 750-31 B.C.E.

 

The Land and Its Early Settlers
The Geography of Italy The Etruscans and the Roman Settlement of Italy The Roman Conquest of Italy

 

The Roman Republic
The Roman State The Struggle of the Orders

 

Roman Expansion
Italy Becomes Roman The Age of Conquest The Punic Wars Rome Turns East

 

Traditional Life and Greek Influences
Marcus Cato: The Traditional Ideal Scipio Aemilianus: Greek Culture and Urban Life

 

The Late Republic
Unrest in Rome and Italy Civil War

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Living in the Past: Roman Table Manners Listening to the Past: Cicero and the Plot to Kill Caesar Individuals in Society: Queen Cleopatra

 

Chapter 6
The Pax Romana
31 B.C.E.-284 C.E.


Augustus's Settlement, 31 B.C.E.-14 C.E.

The Principate and the Restored Republic Administration of the Provinces Roman Expansion into Northern and Western Europe The Flowering of Latin Literature Social Changes The Legacy of Augustus

 

Augustus's Successors
The Julio-Claudians and the Flavians The Age of the Five Good Emperors

 

Life in the Golden Age
Life in Imperial Rome Provincial Life

 

The Coming of Christianity
Unrest in Judaea The Life and Teachings of Jesus The Spread of Christianity The Appeal of Christianity Christians and Pagans

 

The Empire in Disarray, 235-284 C.E.
Civil Wars and Foreign Invasions Turmoil in Farm and Village Life The Crisis of the Third Century

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Listening to the Past: Augustus's Res Gestae Living in the Past: Roman Tombstone Epitaphs: Death Remembers Life Individuals in Society: Bithus, a Typical Roman Soldier

CHAPTER 7
Late Antiquity
250-600

 

Reconstruction Under Diocletian and Constantine
Political Measures Economic Issues The Acceptance of Christianity

 

The Growth of the Christian Church
The Church and Its Leaders The Development of Christian Monasticism Monastery Life Christianity and Classical Culture Christian Notions of Gender and Sexuality Saint Augustine on Human Nature, Will, and Sin

 

Barbarian Society
Social and Economic Structures Chiefs and Warriors Barbarian Law Barbarian Religion

 

Barbarian Migrations and Political Change
Celtic and Germanic People in Gaul and Britain Visigoths and Huns Barbarian Kingdoms and the End of the Roman Empire

 

Christian Missionaries and Conversion
Missionaries' Actions The Process of Conversion

 

The Byzantine Empire
Sources of Byzantine Strength The Law Code of Justinian Byzantine Intellectual Life The Orthodox Church

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Living in the Past: The Horses of Spain Listening to the Past: Gregory of Tours on theConversion of Clovis Individuals in Society: Theodora of Constantinople

 

CHAPTER 8
Europe in the Early Middle Ages
600-1000

 

The Spread of Islam
The Arabs The Prophet Muhammad The Teachings and Expansion of Islam Life in Muslim Spain Muslim-Christian Relations Science and Medicine

 

Frankish Rulers and Their Territories
The Merovingians The Rise of the Carolingians The Warrior-Ruler Charlemagne Carolingian Government and Society The Imperial Coronation of Charlemagne

 

Early Medieval Culture
The Carolingian Renaissance Scholarship and Religious Life in Northumbria

 

Invasions and Migrations
Vikings in Western Europe Slavs and Vikings in Eastern Europe Magyars and Muslims

 

Political and Economic Decentralization
Decentralization and the Origins of “Feudalism”
Manorialism, Serfdom, and the Slave Trade

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Living in the Past: Muslim Technology: Advances in Papermaking Individuals in Society: The Venerable Bede Listening to the Past: Eirik's Saga

 

CHAPTER 9
State and Church in the High Middle Ages
1000-1300

 

Political Revival and the Origins of the Modern State
England France Central Europe Sicily The Iberian Peninsula

 

Law and Justice
Local Laws and Royal Courts King Versus Archbishop The Magna Carta Law in Everyday Life

 

The Papacy
The Gregorian Reforms Emperor Versus Pope The Popes and Church Law

 

The Crusades
Background and Motives The Course of the Crusades Crusades Within Europe Consequences of the Crusades

 

The Expansion of Christianity
Northern Europe Eastern Europe Christendom

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Living in the Past: Life in an English Castle 
Listening to the Past: An Arab View of the Crusades Individuals in Society: The Jews of Speyer

 

CHAPTER 10
The Life of the People in the High Middle Ages
1000-1300

 

Village Life
Slavery, Serfdom, and Upward Mobility The Manor Work Home Life and Diet Health Care Childbirth and Child Abandonment

 

Popular Religion
Christian Life in Medieval Villages Saints and Sacraments Muslims and Jews Rituals of Marriage and Birth Death and the Afterlife

 

Nobles
Origins and Status of the Nobility Childhood Youth and Marriage Power and Responsibility

 

Monasteries and Convents
Monastic Revival Life in Convents and Monasteries

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Listening to the Past: The Pilgrim's Guide to Santiago de Compostela Individuals in Society: Hildegard of Bingen Living in the Past: Child's Play

 

CHAPTER 11
The Creativity and Challenges of Medieval Cities
1100-1300

 

Towns and Economic Revival
The Rise of Towns Merchant and Craft Guilds The Revival of Long-Distance Trade Business Procedures The Commercial Revolution

 

Urban Life
City Life Servants and the Poor Popular Entertainment

 

Medieval Universities
Origins Legal Curriculum Medical Training Theology and Philosophy Abelard and Heloise Thomas Aquinas Life at a University

 

Literature and Architecture
Vernacular Literature and Drama Churches and Cathedrals

 

Cities and the Church
Heretical Groups The Friars The Friars and Papal Power

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Individuals in Society: Francesco Datini Listening to the Past: Courtly Love Poetry Living in the Past: Medieval Churches, from Romanesque to Gothic

 

CHAPTER 12
The Crisis of the Later Middle Ages
1300-1450

 

Prelude to Disaster
Climate Change and Famine Social Consequences

 

The Black Death
Pathology Spread of the Disease Care of the Sick Economic, Religious, and Cultural Effects

 

The Hundred Years' War
Causes English Successes Joan of Arc and France's Victory Aftermath

 

Challenges to the Church
The Babylonian Captivity and the Great Schism Critiques, Divisions, and Councils Lay Piety and Mysticism

 

Social Unrest in a Changing Society
Peasant Revolts Urban Conflicts Sex in the City Fur-Collar Crime Ethnic Tensions and Restrictions Literacy and Vernacular Literature

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Living in the Past: Treating the Plague Individuals in Society: Meister Eckhart Listening to the Past: Christine de Pizan, Advice to the Wives of Artisans

 

CHAPTER 13
European Society in the Age of the Renaissance
1350-1550

 

Wealth and Power in Renaissance Italy
Trade and Prosperity Communes and Republics of Northern Italy City-States and the Balance of Power

 

Intellectual Change
Humanism Education Political Thought Christian Humanism The Printed Word

 

Art and the Artist 
Patronage and Power Changing Artistic Styles The Renaissance Artist

 

Social Hierarchies
Race and Slavery Wealth and the Nobility Gender Roles

 

Politics and the State in Western Europe, ca. 1450-1521
France England Spain

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Listening to the Past: Perspectives on Humanist Learning and Women Individuals in Society: Leonardo da Vinci Living in the Past: Male Clothing and Masculinity

 

CHAPTER 14
Reformations and Religious Wars
1500-1600

 

The Early Reformation
The Christian Church in the Early Sixteenth Century Martin Luther Protestant Thought The Appeal of Protestant Ideas The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants' War Marriage and Sexuality

 

The Reformation and German Politics
The Rise of the Habsburg Dynasty Religious Wars in Switzerland and Germany

 

The Spread of Protestant Ideas
Scandinavia Henry VIII and the Reformation in England Upholding Protestantism in England Calvinism The Reformation in Eastern Europe

 

The Catholic Reformation
Papal Reform and the Council of Trent New Religious Orders

 

Religious Violence
French Religious Wars The Netherlands Under Charles V The Great European Witch-Hunt

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Listening to the Past: Martin Luther, On Christian Liberty Living in the Past: Uses of Art in the Reformation Individuals in Society: Teresa of Ávila

CHAPTER 15
European Exploration and Conquest
1450-1650

 

World Contacts Before Columbus
The Trade World of the Indian Ocean The Trading States of Africa The Ottoman and Persian Empires Genoese and Venetian Middlemen

 

The European Voyages of Discovery
Causes of European Expansion Technology and the Rise of Exploration The Portuguese Overseas Empire The Problem of Christopher Columbus Later Explorers Spanish Conquest in the New World Early French and English Settlement in the New World

 

The Impact of Conquest
Colonial Administration Impact of European Settlement on the Lives of Indigenous Peoples Life in the Colonies The Columbian Exchange

 

Europe and the World After Columbus
Sugar and Slavery Spanish Silver and Its Economic Effects The Birth of the Global Economy

 

Changing Attitudes and Beliefs
New Ideas About Race Michel de Montaigne and Cultural Curiosity William Shakespeare and His Influence

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Listening to the Past: Columbus Describes His First Voyage Living in the Past: Foods of the Columbian Exchange Individuals in Society: Juan de Pareja

 

CHAPTER 16
Absolutism and Constitutionalism ca. 1589-1725

 

Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding

Peasant Life in the Midst of Economic Crisis The Return of Serfdom in the East The Thirty Years' War Achievements in State-Building Warfare and the Growth of Army Size Popular Political Action

 

Absolutism in France and Spain
The Foundations of Absolutism Louis XIV and Absolutism Life at Versailles

 

French Financial Management Under Colbert
Louis XIV's Wars The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century

Absolutism in Austria and Prussia
The Austrian Habsburgs Prussia in the Seventeenth Century The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism

 

The Development of Russia and the Ottoman Empire
The Mongol Yoke and the Rise of Moscow The Tsar and People The Reforms of Peter the Great The Growth of the Ottoman Empire

 

Alternatives to Absolutism in England and the Dutch Republic
Absolutist Claims in England Religious Divides and the English Civil War Cromwell and Puritanical Absolutism in England The Restoration of the English Monarchy Constitutional Monarchy and Cabinet Government The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century

 

Baroque Art and Music

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Living in the Past: The Absolutist Palace Listening to the Past: A German Account of Russian Life Individuals in Society: Glückel of Hameln

 

CHAPTER 17
Toward a New Worldview
1540-1789

 

The Scientific Revolution
Scientific Thought in 1500
Origins of the Scientific Revolution The Copernican Hypothesis Brahe, Kepler, and Galileo: Proving Copernicus Right Newton's Synthesis Bacon, Descartes, and the Scientific Method Science and Society Medicine, the Body, and Chemistry

 

The Enlightenment
The Emergence of the Enlightenment The Influence of the Philosophes The Enlightenment Outside of France Urban Culture and Life in the Public Sphere Race and the Enlightenment Late Enlightenment

 

Enlightened Absolutism
Frederick the Great of Prussia Catherine the Great of Russia The Austrian Habsburgs Jewish Life and the Limits of Enlightened Absolutism

 

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

 

Living in the Past: Coffeehouse Culture Listening to the Past: Denis Diderot, “Supplement to Bougainville's Voyage”
Individuals in Society: Moses Mendelssohn and the Jewish Enlightenment

 

 

 

 

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