A History of Western Society, Volume 2: From the Age of Exploration to the Present / Edition 10

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Long praised by instructors and students alike for its readability and attention to everyday life, the eleventh edition of A History of Western Society includes even more built-in tools to engage today's students and save instructors time. This edition features a brand-new, comprehensive primary source program in-text and online, expanded chapters devoted to the lives of ordinary people that make the past real and relevant, and the best and latest scholarship throughout. Enhanced with a wealth of digital content—including carefully developed online document assignments for each chapter with auto-graded exercises—the eleventh edition provides easily assignable options for instructors and novel ways for students to master the content. Now integrated with LearningCurve, an adaptive online resource that helps students retain the material and come to class prepared.

To see an example of the new Online Document Assignment from Chapter 14, click here.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312640606
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 10/13/2010
  • Edition description: Tenth Edition
  • Edition number: 10
  • Pages: 608
  • Sales rank: 614,056
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

John P. McKay (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor emeritus at the University of Illinois. He has written or edited numerous works, including the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize-winning book Pioneers for Profit: Foreign Entrepreneurship and Russian Industrialization, 1885-1913.
Clare Haru Crowston (Ph.D., Cornell University) teaches at the University of Illinois, where she is currently associate professor of history. She is the author of Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791, which won the Berkshire and Hagley Prizes. She edited two special issues of the Journal of Women's History, has published numerous journal articles and reviews, and is a past president of the Society for French Historical Studies.


Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) taught first at Augustana College in Illinois, and since 1985 at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where she is currently UWM Distinguished Professor in the department of history. She is the coeditor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of more than twenty books, most recently The Marvelous Hairy Girls: The Gonzales Sisters and Their Worlds and Gender in History. She is the former Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.Joe Perry (Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) is Associate Professor of modern German and European history at Georgia State University. He has published numerous articles and is author of Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History (2010). His current research interests focus on issues of consumption, gender, and popular culture in West Germany and Western Europe after World War II.

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Table of Contents

European Exploration and Conquest


World Contacts Before Columbus
The Trade World of the Indian Ocean The Trading States of Africa The Ottoman and Persian Empires Genoese and Venetian Middlemen


The European Voyages of Discovery
Causes of European Expansion Technology and the Rise of Exploration The Portuguese Overseas Empire The Problem of Christopher Columbus Later Explorers Spanish Conquest in the New World Early French and English Settlement in the New World


The Impact of Conquest
Colonial Administration Impact of European Settlement on the Lives of Indigenous Peoples Life in the Colonies The Columbian Exchange


Europe and the World After Columbus
Sugar and Slavery Spanish Silver and Its Economic Effects The Birth of the Global Economy


Changing Attitudes and Beliefs
New Ideas About Race Michel de Montaigne and Cultural Curiosity William Shakespeare and His Influence


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Listening to the Past: Columbus Describes His First Voyage Living in the Past: Foods of the Columbian Exchange Individuals in Society: Juan de Pareja


Absolutism and Constitutionalism ca. 1589-1725


Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding

Peasant Life in the Midst of Economic Crisis The Return of Serfdom in the East The Thirty Years' War Achievements in State-Building Warfare and the Growth of Army Size Popular Political Action


Absolutism in France and Spain
The Foundations of Absolutism Louis XIV and Absolutism Life at Versailles


French Financial Management Under Colbert
Louis XIV's Wars The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century

Absolutism in Austria and Prussia
The Austrian Habsburgs Prussia in the Seventeenth Century The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism


The Development of Russia and the Ottoman Empire
The Mongol Yoke and the Rise of Moscow The Tsar and People The Reforms of Peter the Great The Growth of the Ottoman Empire


Alternatives to Absolutism in England and the Dutch Republic
Absolutist Claims in England Religious Divides and the English Civil War Cromwell and Puritanical Absolutism in England The Restoration of the English Monarchy Constitutional Monarchy and Cabinet Government The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century


Baroque Art and Music

Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Living in the Past: The Absolutist Palace Listening to the Past: A German Account of Russian Life Individuals in Society: Glückel of Hameln


Toward a New Worldview


The Scientific Revolution
Scientific Thought in 1500
Origins of the Scientific Revolution The Copernican Hypothesis Brahe, Kepler, and Galileo: Proving Copernicus Right Newton's Synthesis Bacon, Descartes, and the Scientific Method Science and Society Medicine, the Body, and Chemistry


The Enlightenment
The Emergence of the Enlightenment The Influence of the Philosophes The Enlightenment Outside of France Urban Culture and Life in the Public Sphere Race and the Enlightenment Late Enlightenment


Enlightened Absolutism
Frederick the Great of Prussia Catherine the Great of Russia The Austrian Habsburgs Jewish Life and the Limits of Enlightened Absolutism


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Living in the Past: Coffeehouse Culture Listening to the Past: Denis Diderot, “Supplement to Bougainville's Voyage”
Individuals in Society: Moses Mendelssohn and the Jewish Enlightenment


The Expansion of Europe


Working the Land
The Legacy of the Open-Field System The Agricultural Revolution The Leadership of the Low Countries and England


The Beginning of the Population Explosion
Long-standing Obstacles to Population Growth The New Pattern of the Eighteenth Century


The Growth of Rural Industry
The Putting-Out System The Lives of Rural Textile Workers The Industrious Revolution


The Debate over Urban Guilds
Urban Guilds Adam Smith and Economic Liberalism


Building the Global Economy
Mercantilism and Colonial Wars Eighteenth-Century Colonial Trade The Atlantic Slave Trade Identities and Communities of the Atlantic World Trade and Empire in Asia and the Pacific


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Listening to the Past: Contrasting Views on the Effects of Rural Industry Living in the Past: London: The Remaking of London Individuals in Society: Olaudah Equiano


The Changing Life of the People


Marriage and the Family
Late Marriage and Nuclear Families Work Away from Home Premarital Sex and Community Controls New Patterns of Marriage and Illegitimacy Sex on the Margins of Society


Children and Education
Child Care and Nursing Foundlings and Infanticide Attitudes Toward Children The Spread of Elementary Schools


Popular Culture and Consumerism
Popular Literature Leisure and Recreation New Foods and Appetites Toward a Consumer Society

Religious Authority and Beliefs
Church Hierarchy Protestant Revival Catholic Piety Marginal Beliefs and Practices


Medical Practice
Faith Healing and General Practice Hospitals and Surgery Midwifery The Conquest of Smallpox


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Listening to the Past: Louis-Sébastien Mercier, a Day in the Life of Paris Individuals in Society: Rose Bertin, “Minister of Fashion”
Living in the Past: Improvements in Childbirth


The Revolution in Politics


Background to Revolution
Legal Orders and Social Reality The Crisis of Political Legitimacy The American Revolution and Its Impact Financial Crisis


Politics and the People, 1789-1791
The Formation of the National Assembly The Storming of the Bastille 
Peasant Revolt and the Rights of Man Parisian Women March on Versailles A Constitutional Monarchy and Its Challenges Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue


World War and Republican France, 1791-1799
Foreign Reactions to the Revolution The Outbreak of War The Second Revolution Total War and the Terror Revolution in Saint-Domingue The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory


The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815
Napoleon's Rule of France Napoleon's Expansion in Europe The War of Haitian Independence The Grand Empire and Its End


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Listening to the Past: Abbé de Sieyès, “What Is the Third Estate?”
Living in the Past: A Revolution of Culture and Daily Life Individuals in Society: Toussaint L'Ouverture


Chapter 21
The Revolution in Energy and Industry, ca. 1780-1850


The Industrial Revolution in Britain
Eighteenth-Century Origins The First Factories The Problem of Energy The Steam Engine Breakthrough The Coming of the Railroads Industry and Population


Industrialization in Continental Europe
National Variations The Challenge of Industrialization Agents of Industrialization Government Support and Corporate Banking


Relations Between Capital and Labor
The New Class of Factory Owners The New Factory Workers Work in Early Factories Working Families and Children The Sexual Division of Labor The Early Labor Movement in Britain


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review


Individuals in Society: Josiah Wedgwood Living in the Past: Visiting the Crystal Palace Exhibition Listening to the Past: The Testimony of Young Mine Workers

Chapter 22
Ideologies and Upheavals, 1815-1850


The Aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars
The European Balance of Power Repressing the Revolutionary Spirit Metternich and Conservatism


The Spread of Radical Ideas
Liberalism and the Middle Class The Growing Appeal of Nationalism French Utopian Socialism The Birth of Marxian Socialism


The Romantic Movement
Romanticism's Tenets Literature Art and Music


Reforms and Revolutions Before 1848
National Liberation in Greece Liberal Reform in Great Britain Ireland and the Great Famine The Revolution of 1830 in France


The Revolutions of 1848
A Democratic Republic in France The Austrian Empire in 1848
Prussia and the Frankfurt Assembly


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review


Listening to the Past: Von Herder and Mazzini on the Development of Nationalism Individuals in Society: Germaine de Staël Living in the Past: Revolutionary Experiences in 1848

Chapter 23
Life in the Emerging Urban Society, 1840-1900


Taming the City
Industry and the Growth of Cities The Advent of the Public Health Movement 
The Bacterial Revolution Improvements in Urban Planning Public Transportation


Rich and Poor and Those in Between
The Distribution of Income The People and Occupations of the Middle Classes Middle-Class Culture and Values The People and Occupations of the Working Classes Working-Class Leisure and Religion


The Changing Family
Premarital Sex and Marriage Prostitution Kinship Ties Gender Roles and Early Feminism The Importance of Homemaking Child Rearing


Science and Thought
The Triumph of Science in Industry Darwin and Natural Selection Social Science Realism in Literature


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review


Living in the Past: Nineteenth-Century Women's Fashions Listening to the Past: Stephan Zweig on Middle-Class Youth and Sexuality Individuals in Society: Franziska Tiburtius

Chapter 24
The Age of Nationalism, 1850-1914


Napoleon III in France
France's Second Republic Napoleon III's Second Empire


Nation Building in Italy and Germany
Italy to 1850
Cavour and Garibaldi in Italy The Growing Austro-Prussian Rivalry Bismarck and the Austro-Prussian War The Taming of the Parliament The Franco-Prussian War


Nation Building in the United States


The Modernization of Russia and the Ottoman Empire
The “Great Reforms” in Russia The Russian Revolution of 1905
Decline and Reform in the Ottoman Empire


The Responsive National State, 1871-1914
General Trends The German Empire Republican France Great Britain and Ireland The Austro-Hungarian Empire Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism


Marxism and the Socialist Movement
The Socialist International Unions and Revisionism


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review


Living in the Past: Peasant Life in Post-Reform Russia Individuals in Society: Theodor Herzl Listening to the Past: Adelheid Popp, the Making of a Socialist


Chapter 25
The West and the World, 1815-1914


Industrialization and the World Economy
The Rise of Global Inequality The World Market The Opening of China Japan and the United States Western Penetration of Egypt

The Great Migration
The Pressure of Population European Migrants Asian Migrants

Western Imperialism, 1880-1914
The European Presence in Africa Before 1880
The Scramble for Africa After 1880
Imperialism in Asia Causes of the New Imperialism A “Civilizing Mission”
Critics of Imperialism


Responding to Western Imperialism
The Pattern of Response Empire in India The Example of Japan Toward Revolution in China


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review


Listening to the Past: Lin Zexu and Yamagata Aritomo, Confronting Western Imperialism Living in the Past: The Immigrant Experience Individuals in Society: Cecil Rhodes


Chapter 26
War and Revolution, 1914-1919


The Road to War
Growing International Conflict The Mood of 1914
The Outbreak of War


Waging Total War
Stalemate and Slaughter on the Western Front The Widening War


The Home Front
Mobilizing for Total War The Social Impact Growing Political Tensions


The Russian Revolution
The Fall of Imperial Russia The Provisional Government Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution Trotsky and the Seizure of Power Dictatorship and Civil War


The Peace Settlement
The End of the War Revolution in Austria-Hungary and Germany The Treaty of Versailles The Peace Settlement in the Middle East The Human Costs


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Living in the Past: Life and Death on the Western Front Individuals in Society: Vera Brittain Listening to the Past: Resolution of the General Syrian Congress at Damascus


Chapter 27
The Age of Anxiety, ca. 1900-1940


Uncertainty in Modern Thought
Modern Philosophy The Revival of Christianity The New Physics Freudian Psychology Twentieth-Century Literature


Modernism in Architecture, Art, and Music
Architecture and Design New Artistic Movements Modern Music


An Emerging Consumer Society
Mass Culture The Appeal of Cinema The Arrival of Radio


The Search for Peace and Political Stability
Germany and the Western Powers Hope in Foreign Affairs Hope in Democratic Government


The Great Depression, 1929-1939
The Economic Crisis Mass Unemployment The New Deal in the United States The Scandinavian Response to the Depression Recovery and Reform in Britain and France


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Living in the Past: Modern Design for Everyday Use Individuals in Society: Gustav Stresemann Listening to the Past: George Orwell on Life on the Dole


Chapter 28
Dictatorships and the Second World War, 1919-1945


Authoritarian States
Conservative Authoritarianism and Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships Communism and Fascism


Stalin's Soviet Union
From Lenin to Stalin The Five-Year Plans Life and Culture in Soviet Society Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges


Mussolini and Fascism in Italy
The Seizure of Power The Regime in Action

Hitler and Nazism in Germany The Roots of National Socialism

Hitler's Road to Power
State and Society in Nazi Germany Popular Support for National Socialism Aggression and Appeasement


The Second World War
German Victories in Europe Europe Under Nazi Occupation The Holocaust Japanese Empire and the War in the Pacific The "Hinge of Fate"
Allied Victory


Looking Back, Looking Ahead Chapter Review

Listening to the Past: Stalin Justifies the Five-Year Plan Living in the Past: Nazi Propaganda and Consumer Goods Individuals in Society: Primo Levi


Chapter 29
Cold War Conflict and Consensus


Postwar Europe and the Origins of the Cold War
The Legacies of the Second World War The Peace Accords and Cold War Origins West Versus East Big Science and New Technologies


The Western Renaissance
The Search for Political and Social Consensus Toward European Unity The Consumer Revolution


Soviet Eastern Europe
Postwar Life Under Stalin Reform and De-Stalinization Foreign Policy and Domestic Rebellion The Limits of Reform


The End of Empires
Decolonization and the Cold War The Struggle for Power in Asia Independence and Conflict in the Middle East The African Awakening


Postwar Social Transformations
Changing Class Structures Patterns of Postwar Migration New Roles for Women Youth Culture and the Generation Gap


Looking Back, Looking Ahead

Chapter Review


Living in the Past: A Model Socialist Steel Town Listening to the Past: The Nixon-Khrushchev “Kitchen Debate”
Individuals in Society: Armando Rodrigues, West Germany's "One-Millionth Guest Worker"

Chapter 30
Challenging the Postwar Order


Reform and Protest in the 1960s
Cold War Tensions Thaw The Affluent Society The Growing Counterculture Movement The United States and Vietnam Student Revolts and 1968
The 1960s in the East Bloc


Changing Consensus in Western Europe
Economic Crisis and Hardship The Conservative Backlash Challenges and Victories for Women The Rise of the Environmental Movement Separatism and Right-Wing Extremism


The Decline of "Really Existing Socialism"
State and Society in the East Bloc Reform Movements in Czechoslovakia and Poland From Détente Back to Cold War Gorbachev's Reforms in the Soviet Union


The Revolutions of 1989
The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe German Unification and the End of the Cold War The Disintegration of the Soviet Union


Looking Back, Looking Ahead

Chapter Review

Living in the Past: The Supermarket Revolution Listening to the Past: Rock Music and Social Change Individuals in Society: Margaret Thatcher


Chapter 31
Europe in an Age of Globalization
1990 to the Present


Rebuilding Russia and Eastern Europe
Economic Shock Therapy in Russia Russian Revival Under Vladimir Putin Coping with Change in Eastern Europe Tragedy in Yugoslavia


The New Global System
The Digital Age and the Changing Economy The Human Side of Globalization The New European Union Supranational Organizations


Toward a Multicultural Continent
The Prospect of Population Decline Changing Immigration Flows Ethnic Diversity in Contemporary Europe Europe and Its Muslim Citizens


Confronting Twenty-first Century Challenges
Growing Strains in U.S.-European Relations The War on Terror and European Security The Dependence on Fossil Fuels Environmental Problems and Progress Promoting Human Rights


Looking Back, Looking Ahead

Chapter Review

Living in the Past: The Euro Individuals in Society: Tariq Ramadan Listening to the Past: William Pfaff, Will the French Riots Change Anything?


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