History of World Societies: Complete Edition (Volumes I and II) / Edition 8

History of World Societies: Complete Edition (Volumes I and II) / Edition 8

3.0 1
by John P. McKay, Bennett D. Hill, John Buckler, Roger B. Beck

ISBN-10: 031268293X

ISBN-13: 9780312682934

Pub. Date: 10/10/2008

Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

More than any other text, A History of World Societies uses vibrant social history to introduce students to the global past. The text’s highly teachable organization uses a regional and comparative approach to provide a manageable global perspective. Attention to non-Western topics is strengthened in the new edition with fresh scholarship and

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More than any other text, A History of World Societies uses vibrant social history to introduce students to the global past. The text’s highly teachable organization uses a regional and comparative approach to provide a manageable global perspective. Attention to non-Western topics is strengthened in the new edition with fresh scholarship and perspectives, including more on gender and cultural history contributed by authors Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks and Clare Haru Crowston, who join the book’s team of experienced area specialists and teachers. Shortened for greater accessibility and enhanced by a new design, maps, and pedagogy, this best-selling text is now even easier to learn and teach from.

Product Details

Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date:
Edition description:
Eighth Edition
Product dimensions:
8.80(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Early Civilizations of the Near East, to 464 B.C.E
Birth and Growth of Mesopotamian Civilization
(ca 3000-2331 B.C.E.)
The Invention of Writing and Intellectual Advances

(ca 3000-2331 B.C.E.)

Sumerian Thought and Religion

Sumerian Society

The Triumph of Babylon and the Spread of Mesopotamian

Civilization (2331-ca 1595 B.C.E.)
Egypt, the Land of the Pharaohs (3100-1200 B.C.E.)

The God-King of Egypt

The Pharaoh’s People

The Hyksos in Egypt (1640-1570 B.C.E)

The New Kingdom: Revival and Empire (1570-1075 B.C.E)

Individuals in Society: Nefertiti
The Rise of the Hittites

A Shattered Egypt and a Rising Phoenicia
The Children of Isreal

Daily Life in Israel
Assyria, the Military Monarchy (859-612 B.C.E)
The Empire of the Persian Kings (ca 1000-464 B.C.E)

The Creation of the Persian Empire (550-464 B.C.E)

The Religion of Zoroaster

The Span of the Persian Empire

Chapter 2: The Foundation of Indian Society, to 300 C.E.
The Land and Its First Settlers (ca3000-1500 B.C.E)
The Aryans and the Vedic Age (ca 1500-500 B.C.E)

Early Indian Society, 1000-500 B.C.E.

India’s Great Religions


Individuals in Society: Gosala
Siddhartha Gautama and Buddhism

India and the West (ca 513-298 B.C.E)
The Mauryan Empire (ca 322-185 B.C.E)

The Reign of Ashoka (ca 269-232 B.C.E)
Small States and the Trading Networks (200 B.C.E. -300 C.E.

Chapter 3: China’s Classical Age, to 256 B.C.E.
The Emergence of Civilization in China

The Neolithic Age

The Shang Dynasty (ca 1500-ca1050 B.C.E)
The Early Zhou Dynasty (ca 1050-500 BCE)
Zhou Politics

Zhou Society
The Warring States Period (500-221 BCE)
Confucius and His Followers

Individuals in Society: Guan Zhong
Daoism, Legalism, and Other Schools of Thought



Yin and Yang

Chapter 4: The Greek Experience (ca 3500-146 B.C.E)
The Polis (ca 800 B.C.E)
The Archaic Age (ca 800-500 B.C.E)

Overseas Expansion

The Growth of Sparta

The Evolution of Athens
The Classical Period (500-338 B.C.E)

The Deadly Conflicts (499-404 B.C.E)

Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles

Aspects of Social Life in Athens

Greek Religion

The Flowering of Philosophy

From Polis to Monarchy (404-323 B.C.E)
The Spread of Hellenism

Cities and Kingdoms

Building a Shared Society
The Economic Scope of the Hellenistic World
Hellenistic Intellectual Advances

Religion in the Hellenistic World

Philosophy and the People

Hellenistic Science

Individuals in Society: Archimedes

Hellenistic Medicine

Chapter 5: The World of Rome (753 B.C.E- 479 C.E.)
The Etruscans and Rome (ca 750-290 B.C.E)

The Etruscans and the Roman Settlement of Italy

(ca 750-509 B.C.E)

The Roman Conquest of Italy (509-209 B.C.E)
The Roman Republic

Social Conflict in Rome
Roman Expansion and Its Repercussions (282-27 B.C.E)

The Age of Overseas Conquest (282-45 B.C.E)

Old Values and Greek Culture

The Late Republic (133-31 B.C.E)
The Pax Romana

Augustus’s Settlement (31 B.C.E-14 C.E)

Administration and Expansion under Augustus
The Coming of Christianity

Unrest in Judaea

The Life and Teachings of Jesus

The Spread of Christianity

The Appeal of Christianity
The "Golden" Age

Individuals in Society: Plutarch of Chaironeia

Life in the Golden Age
Rome and the East (235-284 C.E.)

Conflict and Commerce between Rome and Parthia

Contacts Between Rome and China
The Empire from crisis to Triumph (284-337 C.E.)

Reconstruction under Diocletian and Constantine

(284-337 C.E.)

The Acceptance of Christianity

The Construction of Constantinople

From the Classical World to Late Antiquity

Chapter 6: East Asia and the Spread of Buddhism,
256 B.C.E.–800 C.E.
The Age of Empire in China

The Qin Unification (256-206 BCE)

The Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE)

Inner Asia and the Silk Road

Han Intellectual and Cultural Life

Economy and Society in Han China

Individuals in Society: The Ban Family

China and Rome

The Fall of the Han and the Age of Division
The Spread of Buddhism Out of India
The Chinese Empire Re-created: Sui (581–618) and
Tang (618–907)

The Tang Dynasty (618-907)

Tang Culture
The East Asian Cultural Sphere




Chapter 7: Europe and Western Asia, ca 350-850
The Byzantine Empire

Sources of Byzantine Strength

The Sasanid Kingdom of Persia and Byzantium

Individuals in Society: Theodora of Constantinople

The Law Code of Justinian

Byzantine Intellectual Life

Constantinople: The Second Rome
The Growth of the Christian Church

The Church and its Leaders

The Western Church and the Eastern Church

The Iconoclastic Controversy

Christian Monasticism
Christian Ideas and Practices

Adjustment to Classical Culture

Saint Augustine

Missionary Activity

Conversion and Assimilation
Migrating Peoples

Celts, Huns, and Germans

Barbarian Society

Social and Economic Structures

The Frankish Kingdom


Chapter 8: The Islamic World, ca 600-1400
The Origins of Islam


The Islamic Faith
Islamic States and Their Expansion

Reasons for the Spread of Islam

The Caliphate

The Abbasid Caliphate

Administration of the Islamic Territories
Fragmentation and Military Challenges (900-1400)

The Ascendancy of the Turks

The Mongols Invasions
Muslim Society: The Life of the People

The Classes of Society


Women in Classical Islamic Society
Trade and Commerce

Cultural Developments

Individuals in Society: Abu ‘Abdallah Ibn Battuta

Education and Intellectual Life


Muslim-Christian Encounters.

Chapter 9: African Societies and Kingdoms, ca 400-1450
The Land and Peoples of Africa

Egypt, Africa, and Race

Early African Societies

Bantu Migrations

Kingdoms of the Western Sudan, ca 1000 BCE-1500 CE

The Trans-Saharan Trade
African Kingdoms and Empires (ca 800-1450)

The Kingdom of Ghana (ca 900-1100)

The Kingdom of Mali (ca1200-1450)

Ethiopia: the Christian Kingdom of Axum

Individuals in Society: Amda Siyon

The East African City-States

Southern Africa

Chapter 10: Civilizations of the Americas, 2500 BCE- 1500 CE
The Early Peoples of the Americas

Settling the Americas

The Development of Agriculture
Early Civilizations

Mounds, Towns, and Trade in North and South America

The Olmecs
Classical Era Mesoamerica and North America

Maya Technology and Trade

Maya Science and Religion

Teotihuacán and the Toltecs

Hohokam, Hopewell, and Mississippian
The Aztecs

Religion and War in Aztec Society

Individuals in Society: Tlacaélel

The Life of the People

The Cities of the Aztecs
The Incas

Earlier Peruvian Cultures

Inca Imperialism

Inca Society

Chapter 11: Central and Southern Asia, to 1400
Central Asian Nomads

The Turks

The Mongols

Daily Life
Chinggis Khan and the Mongol Empire

Chinggis’s Successors

The Mongols as Rulers
East-West Communication During the Mongol Era
India, 300-1400

The Gupta Empire (ca 320-480)

India’s Medieval Age (ca 500-1400) and the

First Encounter with Islam

Individuals in Society: Bhaskara the Teacher

Daily Life in Medieval India

Southeast Asia, to 1400

The Spread of Indian Culture in Comparative Perspective

Chapter 12: East Asia, ca 800-1400

The Medieval Chinese Economic Revolution (800-1100)
China During the Song Dynasty (960-1279)

The Scholar-Officials and New-Confucianism

Individuals in Society: Shen Gua

Women’s Lives
Japan’s Heian Period (794-1185)

Fujiwara Rule

Aristocratic Culture
The Samurai and The Kamakura Shogunate (1185-1333)

Military Rule

Cultural Trends

Chapter 13: Europe in the Middle Ages, 850-1400
Political Developments

Feudalism and Manorialism

Invasions and Migrations

The Restoration of Order

Law and Justice
Revival and Reform in the Christian Church

Monastic Reforms

Individuals in Society: Hildegard of Bingen

Papal Reforms

Popular Religion
The Expansion of Latin Christendom

Toward a Christian Society
The Crusades

Background of the Crusades

The Course of the Crusades

The Changing Life of the People

Those Who Work

Those Who Fight

Towns and Cities

The Expansion of Long-Distance Trade
The Culture of the Middle Ages

Universities and Scholasticism


Troubadour Poetry
Crises of the Later Middle Ages

The Great Famine and the Black Death

The Hundred Years’ War

Challenges to the Church

Peasant and Urban Revolts

Chapter 14: Europe in the Renaissance and Reformation,
Renaissance Culture
Economic and Political Context

Intellectual Change
Individuals in Society: Leonardo Da Vinci


Christian Humanism

The Printed Word

Art and the Artist
Social Hierarchies



Politics and the State in the Renaissance (ca 1450–1521)




The Habsburgs
The Protestant Reformation

Criticism of the Church

Martin Luther

Protestant Thought and Its Appeal

The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants’ War

The Reformation and Marriage

The Reformation and German Politics

The Spread of the Protestant Reformation

The Catholic Reformation

The Reformed Papacy and the Council of Trent

New Religious Orders
Religious Violence

French Religious Wars

The Netherlands Under Charles V

The Great European Witch-Hunt

Chapter 15: The Acceleration of Global Contact
The Indian Ocean: Hub of an Afro-Eurasian Trading World

People and Cultures

Religious Revolutions

Trade and Commerce
European Discovery, Reconnaissance, and Expansion

Causes of European Expanision

Technological Stimuli to Exploration

The Portuguese Overseas Empire

Individuals in Society: Zheng He

The Problem of Christopher Columbus

New World Conquest
The Impact of Contact

Colonial Administration

The Columbian Exchange

Spanish Settlement and Indigenous Population Decline

Sugar and Slavery
Global Trade Networks
The Chinese and Japanese Discovery of the West
The World-Wide Economic Effects of Spanish Silver

Chapter 16: Absolutism and Constitutionalism in
Europe, ca 1589-1725
Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding
Economic and Demographic Crisis
The Return of Serfdom in the East
The Thirty Years’ War

Seventeenth-Century State-Building: Common

Obstacles and Achievements
Absolutism in France and Spain

The Foundations of Absolutism: Henry IV, Sully, and Richelieu

Louis XIV and Absolutism

Financial and Economic Management Under Louis XIV: Colbert

Louis XIV’s Wars

The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century
Absolutism in Eastern Europe: Austria, Prussia, and Russia

The Austrian Habsburgs

Prussia in the Seventeenth Century

The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism

The Mongol Yoke and the Rise of Moscow

Tsar and People to 1689

The Reforms of Peter the Great
Absolutist Claims in England (1603-1649)

Religious Divides

Puritanical Absolutism in England: Cromwell

and the Protectorate

The Restoration of the English Monarchy

The Triumph of England’s Parliament: Constitutional

Monarchy and Cabinet Government
The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century

Individuals in Society: Glückel of Hameln

Chapter 17: Toward a New Worldview in the West
The Scientific Revolution

Scientific Thought in 1500

The Copernican Hypothesis

From Brahe to Galileo

Newton’s Synthesis

Causes of the Scientific Revolution

Science and Society
The Enlightenment

The Emergence of the Enlightenment

The Philosophes and the Public

Urban Culture and the Public Sphere

Late Enlightenment

Race and the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment and Absolutism

Frederick the Great of Prussia

Individuals in Society: Moses Mendelssohn

and the Jewish Enlightenment

Catherine the Great of Russia

The Austrian Habsburgs

Chapter 18: Africa and the World, ca 1400–1800
Senegambia and Benin

Women, Marriage, and Work

Trade and Industry
The Sudan: Songhay, Kanem-Bornu, and Hausaland
The Swahili City-States
The African Slave Trade

The Atlantic Slave Trade

Individuals in Society: Olaudah Equiano

Consequences Within Africa

Chapter 19: The Islamic World Powers, ca 1400-1800
The Three Turkish Ruling Houses: The Ottomans,
Safavids, and Mughals

The Ottoman Turkish Empire

Individuals in Society: Hürrem

The Safavid Theoracy in Persia

The Mughal Empire in India
Cultural Flowering

City and Palace Building

Intellectual and Religious Trends

Coffee Houses
Non-Muslims Under Muslim Rule

Shifting Trade Routes and European Penetration

European Rivalry for the Indian Trade

Factory-Fort Societies

The Rise of the British East India Company
Dynastic Decline

Chapter 20: Continuity and Change in East Asia,
ca 1400–1800
Ming China, 1368-1644

Problems with the Imperial Institution

The Mongols and the Great Wall

The Examination Life

Life of the People

Individuals in Society: Tan Yunxian, Woman Doctor

Ming Decline
The Manchus and Qing China, 1644–1800

Competent and Long-Lived Emperors

Imperial Expansion
Japan’s Middle Ages

Muromachi Culture

Civil War

The Victors: Nobunaga and Hideyoshi
The Tokugawa Shogunate


The Life of the People in the Edo Period
East Asian Maritime Trade and Piracy

Zheng He’s Voyages

Piracy and Japan’s Overseas Adventures
Europeans Enter the Scene


Learning from the West

British Efforts to Expand Trade with China

in the Eighteenth Century

Chapter 21:The Revolution in Politics, 1775-1815
Background to Revolution

Legal Orders and Social Change

The Crisis of Political Legitimacy

The Impact of the American Revolution

Financial Crisis
Revolution in Metropole and Colony, 1789-1791

The Formation of the National Assembly

The Revolt of the Poor and the Oppressed

A Limited Monarchy

Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue
World War and Republican France, 1791-1799

Foreign Reactions and the Beginning of War

The Second Revolution

Total War and the Terror

Revolution in Saint-Domingue

The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory, 1794-1799
The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815

Napoleon’s Rule of France

Napoleon’s Expansion in Europe

The War of Haitian Independence

The Grand Empire and Its End

Chapter 22: The Industrial Revolution in Europe, ca 1780-1860
The Initial Breakthrough in England

Eighteenth-Century Origins

The Agricultural Revolution

The Growth of Foreign Trade

The First Factories
Energy and Transportation

The Problem of Energy

The Steam Engine Breakthrough

The Coming of the Railroads

Industry and Population
Industrialization in Continental Europe

National Variations

The Challenge of Industrialization

Agents of Industrialization
Capital and Labor

The New Class of Factory Owners

The New Factory Workers

Individuals in Society: The Strutt Family

Conditions of Work

The Sexual Division of Labor

The Early Labor Movement

Chapter 23: The Triumph of Nationalism in Europe, 1815-1914
Peace, Radical Ideas, and Romanticism

The Peace Settlement




Reforms and Revolutions, 1815-1850

Liberal Reform in Great Britain

Revolutions in France

The Revolutions of 1848 in Central Europe
Nation Building in Italy, Germany, and Russia

Cavour, Garibaldi, and the Unification of Italy

Bismarck and German Unification

Individuals in Society: Giuseppe Garibaldi

The Modernization of Russia
Life in Urban Society

Taming the City

Social Structure and The Middle Classes

The Working Classes

The Changing Family

Science and Culture
The Responsive National State, 1871-1914

The German Empire

Republican France

Great Britain and the Austro-Hungarian Empire

Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism

The Socialist Movement

Chapter 24: Africa, Southwest Asia, and Western
Imperialism, 1800-1914
Industrialization and the World Economy

The Rise of Global Inequality

The World Market

The Great Migration
Western Imperialism, 1880-1914
Causes of the New Imperialism

Western Critics of Imperialism

African and Asian Resistance
The Islamic Heartland Under Pressure

Decline and Reform in the Ottoman Empire

Egypt: From Reform to British Occupation
Sub-Saharan Africa: From the Slave Trade to European Rule

African Trade and Social Change (1800-1880)

Islamic Revival and Expansion

The Seizure of Africa (1880-1902)

Southern Africa in the Nineteenth Century

The Imperial System (1900-1930)

Chapter 25: Asia in the Era of Imperialism, 1800-1914
India and the British Empire in Asia
Competition for Southeast Asia

The Dutch East Indies

Mainland Southeast Asia

The Philippines
China Under Pressure

The Opium War

Internal Problems

The Self-Strengthening Movement

The End of the Monarchy in China
Japan’s Rapid Transformation

The Opening of Japan

The Meiji Restoration


Japan as an Imperial Power
The Movement of Peoples

Westerners to Asia

Asian Emigration

Individuals in Society: Jose Rizal

Chapter 26: Nation Building in the Western
Hemisphere and Australia
Latin America, 1800-1929

The Origins of the Revolutions

Resistance and Rebellion

The Impact of Immigration
The United States, 1789-1929

Manifest Destiny
Black Slavery in the South

Individuals in Society: Crazy Horse

The Civil War

Industrialization and Immigration
Canada, from French Colony to Nation
Australia, from Penal Colony to Nation
The New Countries in Comparative Perspective

Chapter 27: The Great Break: War and Revolution
The First World War

The Bismarckian System of Alliances

The Rival Blocs

The Outbreak of War

Stalemate and Slaughter

The Widening War
The Home Front

Mobilizing for Total War

The Social Impact

Growing Political Tensions

Individuals in Society: Vera Brittain
The Russian Revolution

The Fall of Imperial Russia

The Provisional Government

Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution

Dictatorship and Civil War
The Peace Settlement

The End of the War

The Treaty of Versailles

American Rejection of the Versailles Treaty

Chapter 28: Nationalism in Asia, 1914-1939
The First World War and Western Imperialism
The Middle East

The First World War and the Arab Revolt

The Turkish Revolution

Iran and Afghanistan

The Arab States and Palestine
Toward Self-Rule in India

Promises and Repression (1914-1919)

The Roots of Militant Nonviolence

Gandhi Leads the Way
Turmoil in East Asia

The Rise of Nationalist China

China’s Intellectual Revolution

From Liberalism to Ultranationalism in Japan

Individuals in Society: Ning Lao

Japan Against China

Southeast Asia

Chapter 29: The Age of Anxiety in the West
Uncertainty in Modern Thought

Modern Philosophy

The Revival of Christianity

The New Physics

Freudian Psychology

Twentieth-Century Literature
Modern Art and Music

Architecture and Design

Modern Painting and Music
Movies and Radio
The Search for Peace and Political Stability
Germany and the Western Powers

Hope in Foreign Affairs (1924-1929)

Individuals in Society: Gustav Stresemann
The Great Depression (1929-1939)

The Economic Crisis

Mass Unemployment

The New Deal in the United States

The Scandinavian Response to the Depression

Recovery and Reform in Britain and France

Chapter 30: Dictatorships and the Second World War
Authoritarian States

Conservative Authoritarianism

Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships
Stalin’s Soviet Union

From Lenin to Stalin

The Five-Year Plans

Life and Culture in Soviet Society

Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges
Mussolini and Fascism in Italy

The Seizure of Power

The Regime in Action
Hitler and Nazism in Germany

The Roots of Nazism

Hitler’s Road to Power

The Nazi State and Society

Hitler’s Popularity
Aggression and Appeasement (1933-1939)
The Second World War

Hitler’s Empire in Europe, 1939-1942

Individuals in Society: Primo Levi

Japan’s Asian Empire

The Grand Alliance

The War in Europe, 1942-1945

The War in the Pacific, 1942-1945

Chapter 31:Global Recovery and Division Between
The Division of Europe

The Origins of the Cold War

West Versus East
Renaissance and Crisis in Western Europe
The Postwar Challenge

"Building Europe" and Decolonization

The Changing Class Structure

Economic and Social Dislocation, 1970-1990
The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1945-1991

Stalin’s Last Years

Limited De-Stalinization and Stagnation

The Gorbachev

The Revolutions of 1989

Cold War Finale and Soviet Disintegration

Individuals in Society: Vaclav Havel
The United States: Confrontation and Transformation

America’s Economic Boom and Civil Rights Revolution

Youth and the Counterculture

The United States in World Affairs, 1964-1991
Japan’s Resurgence as a First World Power

Japan’s American Revolution

"Japan, Inc"

Japan in the Post-Cold War World
The Post-Cold War Era in Europe, 1991 to the Present

Common Patterns and Problems
Recasting Eastern Europe and Russia Without Communism

Chapter 32: Latin America, Asia, and Africa in
the Contemporary World
Latin America: Moving Toward Democracy

Economic Nationalism in Latin America

Authoritarianism and Democracy in Latin America
Latin America in the 1990s
The Resurgence of East Asia

The Communist Victory in China

Mao’s China

The Limits of Reform

The Asian "Economic Tigers"

Political and Economic Progress in Southeast Asia

The Reunification of Vietnam
New Nations and Old Rivalries in South Asia

The End of British India

Pakistan and Bangladesh

India Since Independence
The Islamic Heartland

The Arab-Israeli Conflict

The Development of Egypt

Israel and the Palestinians

Nationalism, Fundamentalism, and Competition

Algeria and Civil War
Imperialism and Nationalism in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Growth of African Nationalism

Achieving Independence with New Leaders

Ghana Shows the Way

French-Speaking Regions
Sub-Saharan Africa Since 1960

Striving for National Unity

Nigeria, Africa’s Giant

Individuals in Society: Leopold Sedar Senghor

The Struggle in Southern Africa

Political Reform in Africa Since 1990
Interpreting the Experiences of the Emerging World

Chapter 33: A New Era in World History
Global Unity or Continued Division

Nation-States and the United Nations

Complexity and Violence in a Multipolar World

The Terrorist Threat

Weapons of Mass Destruction
Global Interdependence

Multinational Corporations

Industrialization and Modernization

Agriculture and the Green Revolution

The Economics and Politics of Globalization

Pressure on Vital Resources and Economic

The Growth of Cities, 1945 to the Present

Rapid Urbanization

Overcrowding and Shantytowns

Rich and Poor

Urban Migrations and the Family

Urbanization and Agriculture
Science and Technology: Changes and Challenges

The Medical Revolution

Population Change: Balancing the Numbers

Global Epidemics


Mass Communication
Social Reform and Progress

Women: The Right to Equality

Children: The Right to Childhood

Individuals in Society: His Holiness the

Fourteenth Dalai Lama

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