History of World Societies: Volume 2: to Since 1500 / Edition 8

History of World Societies: Volume 2: to Since 1500 / Edition 8

by John P. McKay, Bennett D. Hill, John Buckler, Patricia Buckley Ebrey

ISBN-10: 0312682956

ISBN-13: 9780312682958

Pub. Date: 10/10/2008

Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

More than any other text, A History of World Societies introduces students to the families, foods, workplaces, religions, and diversions of peoples of the past through lively, descriptive writing and extensive primary sources that give voice to a wide range of individuals. This hallmark treatment of social history combines with strong political, cultural,

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More than any other text, A History of World Societies introduces students to the families, foods, workplaces, religions, and diversions of peoples of the past through lively, descriptive writing and extensive primary sources that give voice to a wide range of individuals. This hallmark treatment of social history combines with strong political, cultural, and economic coverage and a clear, easy-to-manage organization to provide students with the most vivid account available of what life was like throughout human history.

The Eighth Edition welcomes to the author team Merry Wiesner-Hanks and Clare Crowston, experienced world-history teachers and highly regarded scholars who bring additional attention to gender and cultural history. It also expands the text's global perspective by strengthening coverage of non-Western topics and comparisons among world societies. A fresh, colorful look and a completely new map program showcase a narrative that the authors judiciously shortened for even greater power and accessibility.

Bedford/St. Martin’s is proud to have recently acquired the stellar McKay franchise in World History and Western Civilization. These wonderful books fit well with our publishing philosophy at Bedford/St. Martin’s, emphasizing innovation, quality, and a focus on the needs of students and instructors. We hope to contribute to their future success with the care and attention to detail we give every book we publish.

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Product Details

Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date:
Edition description:
Eighth Edition
Product dimensions:
8.40(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 15: The Acceleration of Global Contact
The Indian Ocean: Hub of an Afro-Eurasian Trading World

People and Cultures

Religious Revolutions

Trade and Commerce
European Discovery, Reconnaissance, and Expansion

Causes of European Expanision

Technological Stimuli to Exploration

The Portuguese Overseas Empire

Individuals in Society: Zheng He

The Problem of Christopher Columbus

New World Conquest
The Impact of Contact

Colonial Administration

The Columbian Exchange

Spanish Settlement and Indigenous Population Decline

Sugar and Slavery
Global Trade Networks
The Chinese and Japanese Discovery of the West
The World-Wide Economic Effects of Spanish Silver

Chapter 16: Absolutism and Constitutionalism in
Europe, ca 1589-1725
Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding
Economic and Demographic Crisis
The Return of Serfdom in the East
The Thirty Years’ War

Seventeenth-Century State-Building: Common

Obstacles and Achievements
Absolutism in France and Spain

The Foundations of Absolutism: Henry IV, Sully, and Richelieu

Louis XIV and Absolutism

Financial and Economic Management Under Louis XIV: Colbert

Louis XIV’s Wars

The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century
Absolutism in Eastern Europe: Austria, Prussia, and Russia

The Austrian Habsburgs

Prussia in the Seventeenth Century

The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism

The Mongol Yoke and the Rise of Moscow

Tsar and People to 1689

The Reforms of Peter the Great
Absolutist Claims in England (1603-1649)

Religious Divides

Puritanical Absolutism in England: Cromwell

and the Protectorate

The Restoration of the English Monarchy

The Triumph of England’s Parliament: Constitutional

Monarchy and Cabinet Government
The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century

Individuals in Society: Glückel of Hameln

Chapter 17: Toward a New Worldview in the West
The Scientific Revolution

Scientific Thought in 1500

The Copernican Hypothesis

From Brahe to Galileo

Newton’s Synthesis

Causes of the Scientific Revolution

Science and Society
The Enlightenment

The Emergence of the Enlightenment

The Philosophes and the Public

Urban Culture and the Public Sphere

Late Enlightenment

Race and the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment and Absolutism

Frederick the Great of Prussia

Individuals in Society: Moses Mendelssohn

and the Jewish Enlightenment

Catherine the Great of Russia

The Austrian Habsburgs

Chapter 18: Africa and the World, ca 1400–1800
Senegambia and Benin

Women, Marriage, and Work

Trade and Industry
The Sudan: Songhay, Kanem-Bornu, and Hausaland
The Swahili City-States
The African Slave Trade

The Atlantic Slave Trade

Individuals in Society: Olaudah Equiano

Consequences Within Africa

Chapter 19: The Islamic World Powers, ca 1400-1800
The Three Turkish Ruling Houses: The Ottomans,
Safavids, and Mughals

The Ottoman Turkish Empire

Individuals in Society: Hürrem

The Safavid Theoracy in Persia

The Mughal Empire in India
Cultural Flowering

City and Palace Building

Intellectual and Religious Trends

Coffee Houses
Non-Muslims Under Muslim Rule

Shifting Trade Routes and European Penetration

European Rivalry for the Indian Trade

Factory-Fort Societies

The Rise of the British East India Company
Dynastic Decline

Chapter 20: Continuity and Change in East Asia,
ca 1400–1800
Ming China, 1368-1644

Problems with the Imperial Institution

The Mongols and the Great Wall

The Examination Life

Life of the People

Individuals in Society: Tan Yunxian, Woman Doctor

Ming Decline
The Manchus and Qing China, 1644–1800

Competent and Long-Lived Emperors

Imperial Expansion
Japan’s Middle Ages

Muromachi Culture

Civil War

The Victors: Nobunaga and Hideyoshi
The Tokugawa Shogunate


The Life of the People in the Edo Period
East Asian Maritime Trade and Piracy

Zheng He’s Voyages

Piracy and Japan’s Overseas Adventures
Europeans Enter the Scene


Learning from the West

British Efforts to Expand Trade with China

in the Eighteenth Century

Chapter 21:The Revolution in Politics, 1775-1815
Background to Revolution

Legal Orders and Social Change

The Crisis of Political Legitimacy

The Impact of the American Revolution

Financial Crisis
Revolution in Metropole and Colony, 1789-1791

The Formation of the National Assembly

The Revolt of the Poor and the Oppressed

A Limited Monarchy

Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue
World War and Republican France, 1791-1799

Foreign Reactions and the Beginning of War

The Second Revolution

Total War and the Terror

Revolution in Saint-Domingue

The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory, 1794-1799
The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815

Napoleon’s Rule of France

Napoleon’s Expansion in Europe

The War of Haitian Independence

The Grand Empire and Its End

Chapter 22: The Industrial Revolution in Europe, ca 1780-1860
The Initial Breakthrough in England

Eighteenth-Century Origins

The Agricultural Revolution

The Growth of Foreign Trade

The First Factories
Energy and Transportation

The Problem of Energy

The Steam Engine Breakthrough

The Coming of the Railroads

Industry and Population
Industrialization in Continental Europe

National Variations

The Challenge of Industrialization

Agents of Industrialization
Capital and Labor

The New Class of Factory Owners

The New Factory Workers

Individuals in Society: The Strutt Family

Conditions of Work

The Sexual Division of Labor

The Early Labor Movement

Chapter 23: The Triumph of Nationalism in Europe, 1815-1914
Peace, Radical Ideas, and Romanticism

The Peace Settlement




Reforms and Revolutions, 1815-1850

Liberal Reform in Great Britain

Revolutions in France

The Revolutions of 1848 in Central Europe
Nation Building in Italy, Germany, and Russia

Cavour, Garibaldi, and the Unification of Italy

Bismarck and German Unification

Individuals in Society: Giuseppe Garibaldi

The Modernization of Russia
Life in Urban Society

Taming the City

Social Structure and The Middle Classes

The Working Classes

The Changing Family

Science and Culture
The Responsive National State, 1871-1914

The German Empire

Republican France

Great Britain and the Austro-Hungarian Empire

Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism

The Socialist Movement

Chapter 24: Africa, Southwest Asia, and Western
Imperialism, 1800-1914
Industrialization and the World Economy

The Rise of Global Inequality

The World Market

The Great Migration
Western Imperialism, 1880-1914
Causes of the New Imperialism

Western Critics of Imperialism

African and Asian Resistance
The Islamic Heartland Under Pressure

Decline and Reform in the Ottoman Empire

Egypt: From Reform to British Occupation
Sub-Saharan Africa: From the Slave Trade to European Rule

African Trade and Social Change (1800-1880)

Islamic Revival and Expansion

The Seizure of Africa (1880-1902)

Southern Africa in the Nineteenth Century

The Imperial System (1900-1930)

Chapter 25: Asia in the Era of Imperialism, 1800-1914
India and the British Empire in Asia
Competition for Southeast Asia

The Dutch East Indies

Mainland Southeast Asia

The Philippines
China Under Pressure

The Opium War

Internal Problems

The Self-Strengthening Movement

The End of the Monarchy in China
Japan’s Rapid Transformation

The Opening of Japan

The Meiji Restoration


Japan as an Imperial Power
The Movement of Peoples

Westerners to Asia

Asian Emigration

Individuals in Society: Jose Rizal

Chapter 26: Nation Building in the Western
Hemisphere and Australia
Latin America, 1800-1929

The Origins of the Revolutions

Resistance and Rebellion

The Impact of Immigration
The United States, 1789-1929

Manifest Destiny
Black Slavery in the South

Individuals in Society: Crazy Horse

The Civil War

Industrialization and Immigration
Canada, from French Colony to Nation
Australia, from Penal Colony to Nation
The New Countries in Comparative Perspective

Chapter 27: The Great Break: War and Revolution
The First World War

The Bismarckian System of Alliances

The Rival Blocs

The Outbreak of War

Stalemate and Slaughter

The Widening War
The Home Front

Mobilizing for Total War

The Social Impact

Growing Political Tensions

Individuals in Society: Vera Brittain
The Russian Revolution

The Fall of Imperial Russia

The Provisional Government

Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution

Dictatorship and Civil War
The Peace Settlement

The End of the War

The Treaty of Versailles

American Rejection of the Versailles Treaty

Chapter 28: Nationalism in Asia, 1914-1939
The First World War and Western Imperialism
The Middle East

The First World War and the Arab Revolt

The Turkish Revolution

Iran and Afghanistan

The Arab States and Palestine
Toward Self-Rule in India

Promises and Repression (1914-1919)

The Roots of Militant Nonviolence

Gandhi Leads the Way
Turmoil in East Asia

The Rise of Nationalist China

China’s Intellectual Revolution

From Liberalism to Ultranationalism in Japan

Individuals in Society: Ning Lao

Japan Against China

Southeast Asia

Chapter 29: The Age of Anxiety in the West
Uncertainty in Modern Thought

Modern Philosophy

The Revival of Christianity

The New Physics

Freudian Psychology

Twentieth-Century Literature
Modern Art and Music

Architecture and Design

Modern Painting and Music
Movies and Radio
The Search for Peace and Political Stability
Germany and the Western Powers

Hope in Foreign Affairs (1924-1929)

Individuals in Society: Gustav Stresemann
The Great Depression (1929-1939)

The Economic Crisis

Mass Unemployment

The New Deal in the United States

The Scandinavian Response to the Depression

Recovery and Reform in Britain and France

Chapter 30: Dictatorships and the Second World War
Authoritarian States

Conservative Authoritarianism

Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships
Stalin’s Soviet Union

From Lenin to Stalin

The Five-Year Plans

Life and Culture in Soviet Society

Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges
Mussolini and Fascism in Italy

The Seizure of Power

The Regime in Action
Hitler and Nazism in Germany

The Roots of Nazism

Hitler’s Road to Power

The Nazi State and Society

Hitler’s Popularity
Aggression and Appeasement (1933-1939)
The Second World War

Hitler’s Empire in Europe, 1939-1942

Individuals in Society: Primo Levi

Japan’s Asian Empire

The Grand Alliance

The War in Europe, 1942-1945

The War in the Pacific, 1942-1945

Chapter 31:Global Recovery and Division Between
The Division of Europe

The Origins of the Cold War

West Versus East
Renaissance and Crisis in Western Europe
The Postwar Challenge

"Building Europe" and Decolonization

The Changing Class Structure

Economic and Social Dislocation, 1970-1990
The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1945-1991

Stalin’s Last Years

Limited De-Stalinization and Stagnation

The Gorbachev

The Revolutions of 1989

Cold War Finale and Soviet Disintegration

Individuals in Society: Vaclav Havel
The United States: Confrontation and Transformation

America’s Economic Boom and Civil Rights Revolution

Youth and the Counterculture

The United States in World Affairs, 1964-1991
Japan’s Resurgence as a First World Power

Japan’s American Revolution

"Japan, Inc"

Japan in the Post-Cold War World
The Post-Cold War Era in Europe, 1991 to the Present

Common Patterns and Problems
Recasting Eastern Europe and Russia Without Communism

Chapter 32: Latin America, Asia, and Africa in
the Contemporary World
Latin America: Moving Toward Democracy

Economic Nationalism in Latin America

Authoritarianism and Democracy in Latin America
Latin America in the 1990s
The Resurgence of East Asia

The Communist Victory in China

Mao’s China

The Limits of Reform

The Asian "Economic Tigers"

Political and Economic Progress in Southeast Asia

The Reunification of Vietnam
New Nations and Old Rivalries in South Asia

The End of British India

Pakistan and Bangladesh

India Since Independence
The Islamic Heartland

The Arab-Israeli Conflict

The Development of Egypt

Israel and the Palestinians

Nationalism, Fundamentalism, and Competition

Algeria and Civil War
Imperialism and Nationalism in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Growth of African Nationalism

Achieving Independence with New Leaders

Ghana Shows the Way

French-Speaking Regions
Sub-Saharan Africa Since 1960

Striving for National Unity

Nigeria, Africa’s Giant

Individuals in Society: Leopold Sedar Senghor

The Struggle in Southern Africa

Political Reform in Africa Since 1990
Interpreting the Experiences of the Emerging World

Chapter 33: A New Era in World History
Global Unity or Continued Division

Nation-States and the United Nations

Complexity and Violence in a Multipolar World

The Terrorist Threat

Weapons of Mass Destruction
Global Interdependence

Multinational Corporations

Industrialization and Modernization

Agriculture and the Green Revolution

The Economics and Politics of Globalization

Pressure on Vital Resources and Economic

The Growth of Cities, 1945 to the Present

Rapid Urbanization

Overcrowding and Shantytowns

Rich and Poor

Urban Migrations and the Family

Urbanization and Agriculture
Science and Technology: Changes and Challenges

The Medical Revolution

Population Change: Balancing the Numbers

Global Epidemics


Mass Communication
Social Reform and Progress

Women: The Right to Equality

Children: The Right to Childhood

Individuals in Society: His Holiness the

Fourteenth Dalai Lama

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