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Balkan InsightAn indispensable addition to the library of every Balkan historian or student.
— Marcus Tanner
In 1941, a few months before Hitler's invasion of the USSR, the Axis powers conquered the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Until the end of World War II, a series of interrelated struggles took place over this territory, an ideological and ethnic war waged by rival powers and armies and fought between insurgents, armed bands, and militias. These groups were influenced by many ideologies and sought either to return to an imagined past within the Nazi New Order or to form a new Yugoslavia sympathetic to the Allied cause. The victors were communists, led by Marshal Tito, and, until now, the history of this short but tragic period has been mainly told from their perspective.
Drawing on oral histories and archival sources only recently made available, Stevan K. Pavlowitch, a world-renowned historian of the Balkans, reconstructs a complete portrait of this complicated history. Many wars were fought alongside, as well as under the cover of, the Allies' war against Hitler's New Order, and in Yugoslavia, these battles created a "new disorder" that historians are only now beginning to understand. Turning to the work of scholars in several languages, Pavlowitch illuminates what actually happened on the ground, providing a definitive history of what Yugoslavs endured on both the Axis and the Allied sides.
— Marcus Tanner
— Christof N. Morrissey
— Robert M. Hayden
— Robert M. Hayden
A very solid "synthetic treatment" that has long been needed. It must have been a herculean effort to keep track of various events, let alone make sense of all of the interweaving elements.
Stevan K. Pavlowitch has brought fresh interest to the study of the Second World War in Yugoslavia, in an elegantly written history.
Reading this book has provided many new insights and has been a thoroughly enjoyable experience.
An indispensable addition to the library of every Balkan historian or student.
Hitler's New Disorder promises to become essential reading... Pavlowitch has made an outstanding contribution.
Presents the clearest analyses that this reviewer has seen of the complicated interactions of the various political and military forces engaged...this is detailed, fine-grained history...a major achievment.
List of Illustrations xiii
The End of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia-August 1939-April 1941 1
Yugoslavia Broken Up: Hitler's 'New Disorder'-1941 21
The Independent State of Croatia and Italy's three zones 22
The German-controlled 'Serbian residual state' 49
Italian-held Montenegro; Albania's, Bulgaria's and Hungary's annexations; Slovenia 72
Insurgents Left to Their Own Devices-1942 91
Mihailovic's sabotage action in Serbia; the 'Ravna Gora Movement' 91
The 'Italian-Chetnik Condominium' of Montenegro 104
Tito's 'March' across Bosnia; battle without mercy 114
The failure of the policy of forced conversions in the NDH 132
Slovenia divided between God, Satan and an uncommitted centre 139
The Allies Do Not Come; the Italians Withdraw-1943 151
In expectation of an allied landing 151
In expectation of Italy's withdrawal 168
After the withdrawal of Italy 187
The KPJ Liberates, Conquers and Restores Yugoslavia-January 1944-May 1945 215
Tito's moves, from Jajce to Belgrade, via Bari, Vis and Moscow 215
The long German withdrawal from Macedonia to Slovenia 238
The end: the final withdrawal of the Germans and the communist takeover 252
Conclusion: The Death and Rebirth of Yugoslavia 271
Dramatis Personae 283