HIV and the Blood Supply: An Analysis of Crisis Decisionmaking / Edition 1

HIV and the Blood Supply: An Analysis of Crisis Decisionmaking / Edition 1

by Lauren B. Leveton, Harold C. Sox, Michael A. Stoto, Committee to Study HIV Transmission Through Blood and Blood Products
     
 

ISBN-10: 0309053293

ISBN-13: 9780309053297

Pub. Date: 10/05/1995

Publisher: National Academies Press

During the early years of the AIDS epidemic, thousands of Americans became infected with HIV through the nation's blood supply. Because little reliable information existed at the time AIDS first began showing up in hemophiliacs and in others who had received transfusions, experts disagreed about whether blood and blood products could transmit the disease.

During

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Overview

During the early years of the AIDS epidemic, thousands of Americans became infected with HIV through the nation's blood supply. Because little reliable information existed at the time AIDS first began showing up in hemophiliacs and in others who had received transfusions, experts disagreed about whether blood and blood products could transmit the disease.

During this period of great uncertainty, decisionmaking regarding the blood supply became increasingly difficult and fraught with risk. This volume provides a balanced inquiry into the blood safety controversy, which involves private sexual practices, personal tragedy for the victims of HIV/AIDS, and public confidence in America's blood services system.

The book focuses on critical decisions as information about the danger to the blood supply emerged. The committee draws conclusions about what was done--and recommends what should be done to produce better outcomes in the face of future threats to blood safety.

The committee frames its analysis around four critical area

  • Product treatment--Could effective methods for inactivating HIV in blood have been introduced sooner?
  • Donor screening and referral--including a review of screening to exlude high-risk individuals.
  • Regulations and recall of contaminated blood--analyzing decisions by federal agencies and the private sector.
  • Risk communication--examining whether infections could have been averted by better communication of the risks.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309053297
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
10/05/1995
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.31(h) x 1.13(d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary1
1Introduction19
2The U.S. Blood Supply System25
3History of the Controversy57
4Product Treatment81
5Donor Screening and Deferral101
6Regulations and Recall135
7Risk Communication to Physicians and Patients169
8Conclusions and Recommendations207
App. A Individuals Interviewed by the Committee239
App. B Individuals Providing Oral and Written Testimony243
App. C Chronological Summary of Critical Events, National Hemophilia Foundation (NHF) Communications, Knowledge Base, Risk Assessment, Clinical Options, and NHF Actions247
App. D Key Documents Provided to the Committee263
App. E Glossary of Acronyms and Terms303
App. F Committee and Staff Biographies315

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