HENRY LOUIS MENCKEN [1880-1956] was a journalist, editor, and writer of short stories, poetry, nonfiction, a novel, and numerous essays. Writing in Baltimore, his influential satire criticizing American culture earned him the title "The Sage of Baltimore".
In 1899, after graduating from High School, he began as a reporter fot the Baltimore Morning Herald.
In 1906, he worked at The Baltimore Sun.
In 1908, he was literary critic at the The Smart Set.
In 1924, he co-founded with George Nathan The American Mercury. There, he worked as editor through 1933.
As editor, he became friends with many leading authors including Theodore Dreiser, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ben Hecht, and Sinclair Lewis.
In 1926, he reported on the Scopes trial. He coined the monicker "The Monkey Trial" for it.
In 1948, he suffered a stroke tht left him unable to continue writing.
In edition to his satirical essays, he authored the acclaimed study The American Language