Holding Aloft The Banner Of Ethiopia

Overview

Marcus Garvey, Claude McKay, Claudia Jones, C.L.R. James, Stokely Carmichael, Louis Farakhan—the roster of immigrants from the Caribbean who have made a profound impact on the development of radical politics in the United States is extensive. In this magisterial and lavishly illustrated work, Winston James focuses on the twentieth century’s first waves of immigrants from the Caribbean and their contribution to political dissidence in America.

Examining the way in which the ...

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Overview

Marcus Garvey, Claude McKay, Claudia Jones, C.L.R. James, Stokely Carmichael, Louis Farakhan—the roster of immigrants from the Caribbean who have made a profound impact on the development of radical politics in the United States is extensive. In this magisterial and lavishly illustrated work, Winston James focuses on the twentieth century’s first waves of immigrants from the Caribbean and their contribution to political dissidence in America.

Examining the way in which the characteristics of the societies they left shaped their perceptions of the land to which they traveled, Winston James draws sharp differences between Hispanic, Anglophone, and other non-Hispanic arrivals. He explores the interconnections between the Cuban independence struggle, Puerto Rican nationalism, Afro-American feminism, and black communism in the first turbulent decades of the twentieth century. He also provides fascinating insights into the peculiarities of Puerto Rican radicalism’s impact in New York City and recounts the remarkable story of Afro-Cuban radicalism in Florida. Virgin Islander Hubert Harrison, whom A. Philip Randolph dubbed ‘the father of Harlem radicalism’, is rescued from the historical shadows by James’s analysis of his pioneering contribution to Afro-America’s radical tradition. In addition to a subtle re-examination of Garvey’s Universal Negro Movement Association—including the exertions and contributions of its female members—James provides the most detailed exploration so far undertaken of Cyril Briggs and his little-known but important African Blood Brotherhood.

This diligently researched, wide ranging and sophisticated book will be welcomed by all those interested in the Caribbean and its émigrés, the Afro-American current within America’s radical tradition, and the history, politics, and culture of the African diaspora.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“A brilliant, nuanced and sensitive re-examination of the history of Caribbean radicals and radicalism in the United States. James's book will survive for many years as the standard work on the subject and establishes the author as one of the premier scholars of the African Diaspora.”—Colin Palmer, City University of New York

“A major historical contribution to the 'hidden history' of the African diaspora ... richly detailed, powerful and compelling.”—Stuart Hall, The Open University

“Imaginatively written in addition to its solid scholarly base, this book breaks significant new ground in our understanding of modern black American radicalism.”—Arnold Rampersad, Princeton University

“In this thoroughly researched and tightly argued book Winston James has revealed and explained the prominent role of Afro-Caribbean immigrants in socialist, communist and nationalist struggles in the United States, whilst rescuing the topic from the stereotypes that have long surrounded it.”—David Montgomery, Yale University

“James elucidates, as no one has done before him, just how profound were the Caribbean contributions that enriched the soil of American radicalism ... . A truly prodigious and imaginative reconstruction [which] heralds a genuine renascence of radical scholarship in the best Caribbean tradition.”—Robert A. Hill, University of California, Los Angeles

“Powerfully argued and provocative, Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia literally reframes our understanding of the African-American experience.”—Thomas C. Holt, University of Chicago

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781859841402
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • Publication date: 5/17/1999
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 442
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.98 (d)

Meet the Author

Winston James is Professor of History at University of California Irvine.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements
Prologue 1
1 Caribbean Migration: Scale, Determinants, and Destinations, 1880-1932 9
2 The Peculiarities of the Caribbeans: Characteristics and Forces Conducive to Radicalization 50
3 Coming at Midnight: Race and Caribbean Reactions to America 92
4 The Caribbean and the United States: Patterns of Race, Color, and Class 101
5 Dimensions and Main Currents of Caribbean Radicalism in America: Hubert Harrison, the African Blood Brotherhood, and the UNIA 122
6 Race Consciousness, Class Consciousness, and the Political Strategies of William Monroe Trotter and Marcus Garvey 185
7 The Peculiarities of Afro-Hispanic Radicalism in the United States: The Political Trajectories of Arturo Schomburg and Jesus Colon 195
8 From a Class for Itself to a Race on its Own: The Strange Case of Afro-Cuban Radicalism and Afro-Cubans in Florida, 1870-1940 232
Epilogue 258
Postscript: Harold Cruse and the West Indians: Critical Remarks on The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual 262
Notes 292
Statistical Appendix 353
Bibliography 372
Index 399
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