Hollywood War Films, 1937-1945: An Exhaustive Filmography of American Feature-Length Motion Pictures Relating to World War II

Overview

From 1937 through 1945, Hollywood produced over 1,000 films relating to the war. This enormous and exhaustive reference work first analyzes the war films as sociopolitical documents. Part one, entitled "The Crisis Abroad, 1937-1941," focuses on movies that reflected America's increasing uneasiness. Part two, "Waging War, 1942-1945," reveals that many movies made from 1942 through 1945 included at least some allusion to World War II.

Film historian and media propaganda specialist...

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Overview

From 1937 through 1945, Hollywood produced over 1,000 films relating to the war. This enormous and exhaustive reference work first analyzes the war films as sociopolitical documents. Part one, entitled "The Crisis Abroad, 1937-1941," focuses on movies that reflected America's increasing uneasiness. Part two, "Waging War, 1942-1945," reveals that many movies made from 1942 through 1945 included at least some allusion to World War II.

Film historian and media propaganda specialist Michael S. Shull was a lecturer at the University of Maryland, College Park. He is also the author of Radicalism in American Silent Films, 1909-1929 (2000). He lives in Gaithersburg, Maryland. David Edward Wilt is a librarian at the University of Maryland in College Park. He is also the author of The Mexican Filmography (2003). Together they coauthored Doing Their Bit: Wartime American Animated Short Films, 1939-1945 (second edition, 2004).

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Shull and Wilt (Doing Their Bit : Wartime American Animated Short Films, 1939-1945, McFarland, 1987) have produced a work that greatly furthers our understanding of wartime society in America, offering insight into how Hollywood films of that era both reflected and affected cultural norms. While the study provides a comprehensive, chronological filmography with release dates, performers, plot descriptions, and even dialog quotes, the greater value is in the analysis of these films as sociopolitical documents. The authors have evaluated World War II-related releases from many angles, including discernible bias; the depiction of soldiers, spies, allies, and enemies; and the portrayal of home-front activities. Where films were not available for screening, the authors used scripts or reviews. This entry joins numerous popular titles on war films but serves as the definitive work, satisfying scholars and interested lay readers. Recommended for academic, large public, and special military collections.Kelli N. Perkins, Herrick P.L., Holland, Mich.
Booknews
A reference that analyzes as sociopolitical documents feature-length films produced in the US between January 1, 1937 and September 30, 1945, both to explore attitudes prevalent in US society of the period and to identify the discrepancies between the reality of wartime America and its portrayal in Hollywood film. Includes a 1,282-item filmography, seven appendices with related information, and 91 b&w photographs. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780786428540
  • Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
  • Publication date: 7/27/2006
  • Pages: 488
  • Product dimensions: 75.00 (w) x 7.00 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Film historian and media propaganda specialist Michael S. Shull currently teaches film history at George Washington University and teaches mass communications at Montgomery College (both in the Washington, D.C., area). He lives in Gaithersburg, Maryland.

David Edward Wilt is a librarian at the University of Maryland in College Park. He is also the author of The Mexican Filmography (2003). Together they coauthored Doing Their Bit: Wartime American Animated Short Films, 1939-1945 (second edition, 2004).

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction 1
Pt. 1 The Crisis Abroad, 1937-1941
1 Dim Clouds Behind the Glitter: American Feature Films Reflecting an Awareness of World Events, 1932-1936 7
2 The Slide Towards Belligerency: An Overview, 1937-1941 11
3 With Their Guard Down: The Nye Committee 16
4 Contraband Messages: References Within Films to World Events 19
5 Films Against War and American Involvement in Conflict Overseas 22
6 Hollywood's "Good Neighbor Policy" Toward Latin America 29
7 Americanism: The Promotion of "American Ideals" Through Films with Historical Settings 33
8 Service Pictures: In Peace and Preparing for War 36
9 Espionage: The Fifth Column Lurks Behind the Screen 41
10 Cinematic Vigilance Against the Totalitarian Regimes 46
11 Stop Hitler Now! Isolationism Dies in Hollywood After the Fall of France 56
12 Cinematic Cheering for the Sentimental Favorites: Pro-French and Pro-English Films Come to the Front 60
13 Hollywood's Selectees on the March 67
14 Non-Feature Length Films Reflecting an Awareness of World Events, 1933-1941 73
Filmography to Part One 81
Pt. 2 Waging War, 1942-1945
15 Fighting Fascism on the Cinematic Front: The Seductive Language and Imagery of Film Propaganda 139
16 Reluctant Heroes: America's Armed Forces as Depicted in Films 161
17 "We're in This Together": America's Minorities and the War Effort 188
18 "United Nations": Hollywood's Portrayal of America's Allies 195
19 Images Americans Loved to Hate: Germans, Japanese and Italians on Screen 213
20 Soldiers Without Uniforms: Wartime Resistance Films 235
21 "Loose Lips Sink Ships": Spies, Saboteurs and Traitors 246
22 Scrap Happy: Home Front Activities on Film 254
23 Soldiers of the Home Front: The Battle of Production 258
24 Deprivation for the Duration: Rationing and Shortages 264
25 "Turn Out That Light!": Home Defense 268
26 The Junior Army and Youth Running Wild 270
27 Two Hour Furloughs: The Lighter Side 273
28 When the War Is Over: Postwar Planning 282
Filmography to Part Two 287
Filmographic App. A: Feature Length Films Named as Pro-War Propaganda by Gerald Nye and Other Noninterventionists 411
Filmographic App. B: American Feature Films Reflecting an Awareness of International Issues, 1932-1936 411
Filmographic App. C: American Film Serials Reflecting an Awareness of the World Crisis, 1937-1945 413
Filmographic App. D: Selected American Fictional Short Subjects Reflecting an Awareness of the World Crisis, 1937-1945 413
Filmographic App. E: British Features with References to the World Crisis Released Through American Studios, 1937-1945 415
Filmographic App. F: Possibly Relevant Films 422
Filmographic App. G: Films Released in October-December 1945 Containing War-Relevant Material 427
Notes to the Introduction, Numbered Chapters, and Appendices 429
Bibliography 447
Index to Page Numbers in the Text 455
Index to Entry Numbers in the Filmographies 465
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