HomePlug AV Standard: A Handbook for Designers and Users / Edition 1

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Overview

The only authorized book explaining the HomePlug networking standards

HomePlug is a growing technology for creating high-speed Power Line Communication (PLC) networks by transmitting data over in-home or in-office power lines. Users only need to plug adapters into wall outlets to create an instant network of computers, printers, routers, home entertainment devices, and appliance control systems.

HomePlug AV and IEEE 1901: A Handbook for PLC Designers and Users provides for the first time an opportunity for non-members of the HomePlug Alliance to gain in-depth insight into the design and operation of the HomePlug standards. Offering a clear and simple description of the standards, this groundbreaking resource presents HomePlug AV and the associated IEEE 1901 standards in terms more readily understood by a much wider audience, including nontechnical managers, engineers, students, and HomePlug designers.

The book details the many benefits of HomePlug AV, including:

  • An affordable, secure alternative or complement to WiFi—especially in buildings where WiFi reception is poor or running new network wires is impractical
  • Higher potential data transmission rates up to 200 Mbps
  • Support for multimedia applications such as HDTV and VoIP

The book also provides an overview of the HomePlug Green PHY standard that is targeted for use in smart energy applications, and the HomePlug AV 2.0 standard that operates at up to 1.5 Gbps.

An essential tool for designers of HomePlug devices, network administrators, and individual users of HomePlug networks who need to understand the features and capabilities of HomePlug, HomePlug AV and IEEE 1901: A Handbook for PLC Designers and Users will also prove useful for researchers in academia and the power line communications industry.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470410738
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 3/18/2013
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 384
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. HANIPH A. LATCHMAN is Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Florida. A Rhodes Scholar and Senior Member of the IEEE, Dr. Latchman is the recipient of numerous teaching awards and has published over 180 technical articles and four books in the areas of control and communication systems and networks.

Dr. SRINIVAS KATAR is Principal Engineer at Qualcomm Atheros, Inc. and has extensively contributed to the development of HomePlug AV, IEEE 1901, HomePlug Green PHY, and the HomePlug AV2 standards. He is an inventor of more than fifty issued and pending patents.

Lawrence W. Yonge III is Senior Director of Technology for Qualcomm Atheros, Inc., chairs the HomePlug Technical Working Group, and is an inventor of approximately 100 U.S. patents issued and pending.

SHERMAN GAVETTE was a Principal Scientist for Sharp Laboratories of America prior to retiring. While at Sharp Labs, he was a member of the HomePlug Powerline Alliance board of directors and was vice-chair of the HomePlug AV Specification working group.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures xix

List of Tables xxiii

Preface xxvii

Acknowledgments xxix

Biographical Sketches of the Authors xxxi

1 Introduction 1

1.1 HomePlug AVand Its Relationship to IEEE 1901, 2

1.2 Focus of the Book, 3

1.3 The HomePlug Powerline Alliance, 4

1.4 The Role of PLC in Multimedia Home Networking and Smart Energy Applications, 8

1.5 Book Outline, 9

2 The HomePlug AV Network Architecture 12

2.1 Introduction, 12

2.2 Protocol Layers, 12

2.3 Network Architecture, 14

2.4 Summary, 17

3 Design Approach for Powerline Channels 18

3.1 Introduction, 18

3.2 Channel Characteristics, 19

3.3 Frequency Band, 21

3.4 Windowed OFDM, 23

3.5 Turbo Convolutional Code, 24

3.6 Channel Adaptation, 25

3.7 Beacon Period Synchronized to AC Line Cycle, 27

3.8 TDMAwith Persistent and Nonpersistent Schedules, 29

3.9 Data Plane: Two-Level Framing, Segmentation, and Reassembly, 30

3.10 PHY Clock Synchronization, 30

3.11 Summary, 31

4 Physical Layer 32

4.1 Introduction, 32

4.2 PPDU, 34

4.3 Preamble, 37

4.4 Frame Control, 38

4.5 Payload, 39

4.6 Priority Resolution Symbol, 56

4.7 Transmit Power, Tone Mask, and Amplitude Map, 56

4.8 Summary, 60

5 MAC Protocol Data Unit (MPDU) Format 61

5.1 Introduction, 61

5.2 Beacon, 64

5.3 Start-of-Frame (SOF), 77

5.4 Selective Acknowledgment (SACK), 85

5.5 Request to Send (RTS)/Clear to Send (CTS), 88

5.6 Sound, 91

5.7 Reverse Start-of-Frame (RSOF), 95

5.8 Summary, 98

6 MAC Data Plane 99

6.1 Introduction, 99

6.2 MAC Frame Generation, 101

6.3 MAC Frame Streams, 102

6.4 Segmentation, 104

6.5 Long MPDU Generation, 104

6.6 Reassembly, 106

6.7 Buffer Management and Flow Control, 106

6.8 Communication Between Associated but Unauthenticated STAs, 112

6.9 Communication Between STAs not Associated with the Same AVLN, 112

6.10 Data Encryption, 114

6.11 MPDU Bursting, 114

6.12 Bidirectional Bursting, 115

6.13 Automatic Repeat Request (ARQ), 118

6.14 Summary, 120

7 Central Coordinator 121

7.1 Introduction, 121

7.2 CCo Selection, 122

7.3 Backup CCo and CCo Failure Recovery, 125

7.4 Transfer/Handover of CCo Functions, 125

7.5 CCo Network Management Functions, 127

7.6 Summary, 132

8 Channel Access 133

8.1 Introduction, 133

8.2 Beacon Period and AC Line Cycle Synchronization, 135

8.3 Beacon Period Structure, 135

8.4 CSMA Channel Access, 143

8.5 TDMA Channel Access, 148

8.6 Summary, 149

9 Connections and Links 150

9.1 Introduction, 150

9.2 Packet Classification, 151

9.3 Connection Specification (CSPEC), 152

9.4 Connections and Links, 154

9.5 Connection Services, 157

9.6 Bandwidth Management by CCo, 168

9.7 Summary, 171

10 Security and Network Formation 172

10.1 Introduction, 172

10.2 Power-on Network Discovery Procedure, 172

10.3 Forming or Joining an AVLN, 178

10.4 Security Overview, 193

10.5 Summary, 210

11 Additional MAC Features 211

11.1 Introduction, 211

11.2 Channel Estimation, 211

11.3 Bridging, 219

11.4 HomePlug 1.0.1 Coexistence, 223

11.5 Proxy Networking, 225

11.6 Summary, 232

12 Neighbor Networks 233

12.1 Introduction, 233

12.2 Transition Between Neighbor Network Operating Modes, 234

12.3 Coordinated Mode, 236

12.4 Passive Coordination in CSMA-Only Mode, 248

12.5 Neighbor Network Bandwidth Sharing Policy, 248

12.6 Summary, 249

13 Management Messages 250

13.1 Introduction, 250

13.2 Management Message Format, 250

13.3 Station–Central Coordination (CCo), 254

13.4 Proxy Coordinator (PCO) Messages, 260

13.5 Central Coordinator–Central Coordinator, 260

13.6 Station–Station, 262

13.7 Manufacturer-Specific Messages, 266

13.8 Vendor-Specific Messages, 267

13.9 Summary, 267

14 IEEE 1901 268

14.1 Introduction, 268

14.2 FFT, 269

14.3 Wavelet, 274

14.4 Coexistence, 294

14.5 Summary, 301

15 HomePlug Green PHY 302

15.1 Introduction, 302

15.2 Physical Layer, 302

15.3 MAC Layer, 303

15.4 Summary, 311

16 HomePlug AV2 312

16.1 Introduction, 312

16.2 MIMO, 312

16.3 Extended Frequency Band, 315

16.4 Efficient Notching, 316

16.5 Short Delimiter and Delayed Acknowledgment, 316

16.6 Immediate Repeating, 321

16.7 Power Save, 322

16.8 Summary, 323

Appendix A Acronyms 325

Appendix B HomePlug AV Parameter Specification 332

References 334

Index 337

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