Hong Kong Landscapes: Shaping the Barren Rock

Overview

Hong Kong has a largely mountainous terrain, very little flat land, no major rivers, no great forests, and a paucity of mineral wealth. The relative poverty of the place led the British Foreign Secretary to remark, in 1841, that Hong Kong was a "barren rock with hardly a house upon it". Prior to that date, the rugged landscape of Hong Kong had evolved, with little human interference, over about 400 million years.

Hong Kong University Press

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Overview

Hong Kong has a largely mountainous terrain, very little flat land, no major rivers, no great forests, and a paucity of mineral wealth. The relative poverty of the place led the British Foreign Secretary to remark, in 1841, that Hong Kong was a "barren rock with hardly a house upon it". Prior to that date, the rugged landscape of Hong Kong had evolved, with little human interference, over about 400 million years.

Hong Kong University Press

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789622098473
  • Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
  • Publication date: 10/30/2007
  • Pages: 264
  • Product dimensions: 7.24 (w) x 9.88 (h) x 0.69 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Information Notes     viii
Using this Book     ix
Introduction
Modern and Ancient Environments     2
Preamble     2
The Lay of the Land     2
Reconstructing the Past     5
An Environmental History     7
Landscape Types and Origins
Rugged Mountain Landscapes: A Story of Ancient Volcanic Eruptions     13
Rounded Hilly Landscapes: The Roots of Volcanoes     21
Ridges and Colourful Landscapes: Ancient Seas, Rivers, Lakes, and Deserts     25
Lowlands and Valleys: Fractured Rocks and Rivers     33
Coastal Landscapes: Cliffs, Beaches, and Mud Flats     41
The Western Region     41
The Central Region     43
The Eastern Region     45
Hong Kong Regions
The Northwestern New Territories     48
What Lies Beneath     50
Rivers and Floodplains     54
Human Impacts     60
The Northeastern New Territories     67
Landscape Foundations     68
Streams and Waterfalls     71
Marine Inlets and Islands     74
Human Impacts     77
The Western New Territories     84
Magma Chambers and Eruptions     86
High Ground, Low Ground     88
Gullies and Badlands     90
Mountain Streams     94
Human Impacts     96
The Central New Territories     101
An Era of Violent Eruptions     104
Human Impacts     109
The Southeastern New Territories     119
Geological Background     121
Sea Level Change and Islands     125
Human Impacts     127
The Eastern New Territories     131
Rocks and Scenery     133
Coastal Environments     137
Human Impacts     145
Lantau Island     149
Ancient Sediments, a Caldera, and Multiple Intrusions     152
Mass Movements and Landslides     158
Coastal Landscapes     160
Human Impacts     164
Expanding Infrastructure     169
Kowloon and the Lion Rock Ridge     173
Geology and Weathering     175
Human Impacts     180
Hong Kong Island and Lamma     189
Landscape Foundations     192
Human Impacts     195
Seas and Islands     207
Marine Environments     208
Human Impacts      214
The Islands of Hong Kong     215
Epilogue: Landscapes, Past, Present, and Future     230
Global Warming     232
Urbanisation and Landscape     233
Information Sources and Further Reading     235
Publications Referred to Extensively     235
Publications Referred to Less Extensively     235
Further Reading     239
Index     242
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