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Presents a variety of archaeological case studies on daily life in a wide range of locations and circumstances.
Because archaeology seeks to understand past societies, the concepts of "home," "house," and "household" are important. Yet they can be the most elusive of ideas. Are they the space occupied by a nuclear family or by an extended one? Is it a built structure or the sum of its contents? Is it a shelter against the elements, a gendered space, or an ephemeral place tied to emotion? We somehow believe that the household is a basic unit of culture but have failed to develop a theory for understanding the diversity of households in the historic (and prehistoric) periods.
In an effort to clarify these questions, this volume examines a broad range of households—a Spanish colonial rancho along the Rio Grande, Andrew Jackson's Hermitage in Tennessee, plantations in South Carolina and the Bahamas, a Colorado coal camp, a frontier Arkansas farm, a Freedman's Town eventually swallowed by Dallas, and plantations across the South—to define and theorize domestic space. The essays devolve from many disciplines, but all approach households from an archaeological perspective, looking at landscape analysis, excavations, reanalyzed collections, or archival records. Together, the essays present a body of knowledge that takes the identification, analysis, and interpretation of households far beyond current conceptions.
|1||Introduction : household chores; or, the chore of defining the household||1|
|2||Analysis of household and family at a Spanish colonial Rancho along the Rio Grande||15|
|3||A space of our own : redefining the enslaved household at Andrew Jackson's hermitage plantation||33|
|4||Separate kitchens and intimate archaeology : constructing urban slavery on the Antebellum cotton frontier in Washington, Arkansas||51|
|5||"Living symbols of their lifelong struggles" : in search of the home and household in the heart of Freedman's town, Dallas, Texas||75|
|6||Finding the space between spatial boundaries and social dynamics : the archaeology of nested households||109|
|7||Hegemony within the household; the perspective from a South Carolina plantation||121|
|8||A historic pay-for-housework community household : the Cambridge Cooperative Housekeeping Society||138|
|9||Fictive kin in the mountains : the paternalistic metaphor and households in a California logging camp||159|
|10||The ethnohistory and archaeology of Nuevo Santander Rancho households||179|
|11||Reconstructing domesticity and segregating households : the intersections of gender and race in the Postbellum South||197|
|12||Working-class households as sites of social change||210|
|13||What difference does feminist theory make in researching households? A commentary||235|
|14||Doing the housework : new approaches to the archaeology of households||254|