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Housing The Homeless

Overview

Homelessness has become a lasting issue of vital social concern. As the number of the homeless has grown, the complexity of the issue has become increasingly clear to researchers and private and public service providers. The plight of the homeless raises many ethical, anthropological, political, sociological, and public health questions. The most serious and perplexing of these questions is what steps private, charitable, and public organizations can take to alleviate and ...

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Overview

Homelessness has become a lasting issue of vital social concern. As the number of the homeless has grown, the complexity of the issue has become increasingly clear to researchers and private and public service providers. The plight of the homeless raises many ethical, anthropological, political, sociological, and public health questions. The most serious and perplexing of these questions is what steps private, charitable, and public organizations can take to alleviate and eventually solve the problem.

The concept of homelessness is difficult to define and measure. Generally, persons are thought to be homeless if they have no permanent residence and seek security, rest, and protection from the elements. The homeless typically live in areas that are not designed to be shelters (e.g., parks, bus terminals, under bridges, in cars), occupy structures without permission (e.g., squatters), or are provided emergency shelter by a public or private agency. Some definitions of homelessness include persons living on a short-term basis in single-room-occupancy hotels or motels, or temporarily residing in social or health-service facilities without a permanent address.

Housing the Homeless is a collection of case studies that bring together a variety of perspectives to help develop a clear understanding of the homelessness problem. The editors include information on the background and politics of the problem and descriptions of the current homeless population. The book concludes with a resource section, which highlights governmental policies and programs established to deal with the problem of homelessness.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

Housing the Homeless is the first major collection of key research and programmatic articles to appear on the topic . . . [It] clearly stands as a central reference for those involved in homelessness research or policy-making, and is of fundamental importance to anyone wishing to initiate such endeavors. It should also be useful in both graduate and undergraduate human geography and urban planning curricular, particularly for social geography and human-services planning courses.”

—Jennifer R. Wolch, Professional Geographer

“In spite of its title, this volume is really a portrait of what we have not done to house the homeless. It does contain, however, enough material to fashion a liberal remedy. We must first recognize the heterogeneity of the homeless population. While the stereotypical white-male alcoholic is a reality, so too is the unemployed man or woman who is unable to find affordable housing in our “revitalized” downtowns. The homeless are a cross-section of our underclass, and as such cannot be separated from poverty in general. To do so means we will continue to develop policies which treat symptoms (providing shelters), rather than causes (providing full employment).”

—John Paul Jones III, Growth and Change

“[T]he impressive array of research found within . . . amply illustrates, as advocates already know, that what prevents solutions from being adopted nationally is not a lack of knowledge, but a lack of the political will to make what would be wrenching structural changes concerning housing and social services in this nation.”

—Rob Rosenthal, Contemporary Sociology

"Useful volume of up-to-date information."

—Langley C. Keyes, APA Journal

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412847681
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 4/1/2012
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 478
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Jon Erickson is coordinator of the Environmental Management option in the Master of Public Administration program at Kean University and former research associate at the Center for Urban Policy Research, part of the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Policy Research at Rutgers University. Most recently, he helped prepare a report on “Sustainability as Partner to Economic Regeneration: The Impact Assessment of the New Jersey State Plan.”

Charles Wilhelm served as project coordinator at the Capital Budget Homeless Housing Program in New York in the 1980s.

Jon Erickson is coordinator of the Environmental Management option in the Master of Public Administration program at Kean University and former research associate at the Center for Urban Policy Research, part of the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Policy Research at Rutgers University. Most recently, he helped prepare a report on “Sustainability as Partner to Economic Regeneration: The Impact Assessment of the New Jersey State Plan.”

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Table of Contents

List of Exhibits xi

Acknowledgments xv

About the Contributors xvii

IntroductionJon Erickson Charles Wilhelm xix

Introduction to the Transaction Edition Jon Erickson xxxix

I Images of the Homeless

1 Homeless in America Jonathan Alter et al 3

2 Street People Marcia Z. Nelson 17

3 New York's Homeless Families Tom Robbins 26

4 Diary of a Homeless Man John R. Coleman 37

5 Time in the Streets Harry Murray 53

II Background and Politics

6 The Life of the Homeless Patricia Cayo Sexton 73

7 The Homeless of New York Thomas J. Main 82

8 The Politics of Displacement: Sinking Into Homelessness Marjorie Hope James Young 106

9 The Emergence of the Homeless as a Public Problem Mark J. Stern 113

III The Importance of Numbers

10 The Extent of Homelessness in America: A Report to the Secretary on the Homeless and Emergency Shelters U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development 127

11 A Strategy for Helping America's Homeless S. Anna Kondratas 144

12 Testimony on A Report to the Secretary on the Homeless and Emergency Shelters Chester Hartman 150

13 Testimony on A Report to the Secretary on the Homeless and Emergency Shelters Richard P. Appelbaum 156

IV Who Are the Homeless and Why?

14 Skid Row as an Urban Neighborhood, 1880-1960 John C. Schneider 167

15 An Introduction to Chicago's Skid Rows Survey Results Donald J. Bogue 190

16 A Descriptive Portrait of the S.R.O. World Harvey A. Siegal 223

17 Gentrification and Homelessness: The Single Room Occupant and the Inner City Revival Philip Kasinitz 241

18 The Homelessness Problem Ellen L. Bassuk 253

19 Deinstitutionalization and the Homeless Mentally III H. Richard Lamb 262

20 The Plight of Homeless Women Madeleine R. Stoner 279

21 Shelters for Battered Women: A Temporary Escape From Danger or the First Step Toward Divorce? Lorene Hemphill Stone 295

V Solutions to the Problem

22 Litigation in Advocacy for the Homeless: The Case of New York City Kim Hopper L. Stuart Cox 303

23 Federal Housing Programs and Their Impact on Homelessness Roger Sanjek 315

24 A Model of Services to Homeless Families in Shelters Michael H. Phillips Daniel Kronenfeld Verona Jeter 322

25 Homelessness: A Comprehensive Policy Approach Nancy K. Kaufman 335

VI Resources

26 New Jersey Housing Assistance Program for the Homeless: Demonstration Program Design New Jersey Department of Community Affairs 349

27 City of Chicago Model Zoning, Building, and Shelter Standards Task Force on Emergency Shelter 355

28 Comparative Shelter Construction and Operation Cost Estimates Alice Callahan Jeff Dietrich Gary Blaise 363

29 Community Relations Strategies Rose Anello Tillie Shuster 376

30 Program Design and Management U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 389

31 Summary of Major Federal Programs Assisting the Homeless U.S. General Accounting Office 409

Bibliography 413

Index 421

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