How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching / Edition 1

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Any conversation about effective teaching must begin with aconsideration of how students learn. However, instructors may finda gap between resources that focus on the technical research onlearning and those that provide practical classroom strategies. HowLearning Works provides the bridge for such a gap.

In this volume, the authors introduce seven general principlesof learning, distilled from the research literature as well as fromtwenty-seven years of experience working one-on-one with collegefaculty. They have drawn on research from a breadth of perspectives(cognitive, developmental, and social psychology; educationalresearch; anthropology; demographics; and organizational behavior)to identify a set of key principles underlying learning-from howeffective organization enhances retrieval and use of information towhat impacts motivation. These principles provide instructors withan understanding of student learning that can help them see whycertain teaching approaches are or are not supporting studentlearning, generate or refine teaching approaches and strategiesthat more effectively foster student learning in specific contexts,and transfer and apply these principles to new courses.

For anyone who wants to improve his or her students' learning,it is crucial to understand how that learning works and how to bestfoster it. This vital resource is grounded in learning theory andbased on research evidence, while being easy to understand andapply to college teaching.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470484104
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/17/2010
  • Series: Wiley Desktop Editions Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 336
  • Sales rank: 109,548
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Susan A. Ambrose is Vice Provost for Teaching and Learning and Professor of Education at Northeastern University in Boston, Massachusetts.

Michael W. Bridges is director of faculty development at UPMC St. Margaret Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Michele DiPietro is associate director for graduate programs at the Eberly Center and instructor in the Department of Statistics at Carnegie Mellon.

Marsha C. Lovett is associate director for faculty development at the Eberly Center and associate teaching professor in the Department of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon.

Marie K. Norman is a teaching consultant and research associate at the Eberly Center and adjunct professor of anthropology at Carnegie Mellon.

The Eberly Center for Teaching Excellence at Carnegie Mellon University was created in 1982 with a mission to distill the research on learning for faculty and graduate students and to collaborate with them to design and implement meaningful educational experiences. The center's work is based on the idea that combining the science and art of teaching empowers college faculty to create the conditions for students to learn and, through this learning, transform their world.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables, and Exhibits.

Foreword (Richard E. Mayer).


About the Authors.

Introduction Bridging Learning Research and TeachingPractice.

1 How Does Students' Prior Knowledge Affect TheirLearning?

2 How Does the Way Students Organize Knowledge AffectTheir Learning?

3 What Factors Motivate Students to Learn?

4 How Do Students Develop Mastery?

5 What Kinds of Practice and Feedback EnhanceLearning?

6 Why Do Student Development and Course Climate Matterfor Student Learning?

7 How Do Students Become Self-Directed Learners?

Conclusion Applying the Seven Principles toOurselves.


Appendix A What Is Student Self-Assessment and How Can WeUse It?

Appendix B What Are Concept Maps and How Can We UseThem?

Appendix C What Are Rubrics and How Can We Use Them?

Appendix D What Are Learning Objectives and How Can WeUse Them?

Appendix E What Are Ground Rules and How Can We UseThem?

Appendix F What Are Exam Wrappers and How Can We UseThem?

Appendix G What Are Checklists and How Can We UseThem?

Appendix H What Is Reader Response/Peer Review and HowCan We Use It?


Name Index.

Subject Index.

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