How RTI Works in Secondary Schools

How RTI Works in Secondary Schools

by Evelyn S. Johnson, Lori A. Smith, Monica L. Harris

Featuring real-world examples and instructional strategies for Grades 6–12, this research-based book provides the guidance secondary administrators need to implement RTI and improve student outcomes.See more details below


Featuring real-world examples and instructional strategies for Grades 6–12, this research-based book provides the guidance secondary administrators need to implement RTI and improve student outcomes.

Product Details

SAGE Publications
Publication date:
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Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.40(d)

Meet the Author

Evelyn S. Johnson is an associate professor of special education at Boise State University and the coauthor of RTI: A Practitioner’s Guide to Implementing Response to Intervention. She began her career in Washington in 1994 as a special education teacher, and then at the University of Washington, Seattle, where her research focused on the inclusion of students with disabilities in accountability systems. Johnson’s work on assessment for students with disabilities has included research on accommodations and alternate assessments, as well as research on screening for reading problems. Prior to joining the faculty at BSU, she worked as a research associate for the National Research Center on Learning Disabilities (NRCLD), where she developed numerous technical assistance products to assist state and local educational agencies on RTI and learning disability identification–related issues. Currently, her research focuses on RTI implementation at the secondary levels.

Lori Smith is principal at Cheyenne Mountain Junior High in Colorado Springs, Colorado. She has served in public education for 15 years, 9 of which have been in school administration. She began her career as a high school biology and chemistry teacher in 1994 in Colorado. Her work and systematic implementation of RTI at Cheyenne Mountain has led to several state-level presentations, publications, and consultations on RTI implementation. Smith’s commitment to action research on RTI at the secondary level was inspired by the support of Evelyn Johnson as Smith completes her doctoral degree in education leadership and administration.

Monica L. Harris is an assistant professor at Grand Valley State University in the College of Education. She began her career in education at the secondary level and has experience teaching adolescents in general and special education settings as well as developing and implementing programs for students who struggle academically or are at risk of school failure. Prior to joining the faculty at GVSU, she received her doctoral degree in special education from the University of Kansas, where her research focused on strategy instruction and adolescent literacy. Harris is part of the Strategic Instruction Model (SIM) Professional Developer’s Network and works with school districts to implement tiered intervention using research-based instructional strategies. Currently, her research interests include developing instructional strategies for use in academically diverse classrooms, teacher preparation, and collaborative teaching models.

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Table of Contents

About the Authors
1. What Is RTI?
Purpose of RTI at the Secondary Level
How RTI Works
How RTI Fits With Other Education Initiatives
Purpose of This Book
How This Book is Organized
2. Implementation and Continuous Improvement
What are the Desired Outcomes?
How is RTI Expected to Lead to These Outcomes?
What Must Happen If RTI is to Work as Expected?
What Data Can be Used to Inform Implementation Efforts?
How Do We Develop a System for Analyzing and Evaluating Data?
What Systems are Needed for continuous Improvement of the RTI Process?
3. Leadership Perspectives on RTI
What is My Role as Building Leader to Implement RTI?
How Do I Start the Process of Implementation?
What Will the Professional Development Needs Be?
RTI Focuses on Academics: What About Behavior?
What if We Identify too Many Kids in Need of Intervention?
What Resources Will I Need to Provide?
What If I Don't Get Things Right the First Time?
RTI Implementation in Practice
4. Universal Screening
Definition: What is Universal Screening?
Why is Accuracy Important?
Purpose of Screening at the Secondary Level
What Data Should Be Collected?
Leader Tasks
Universal Screening in Practice
5. Tier 1 Instruction
Definition: What is Tier 1 Instruction?
Purpose of Tier 1 at the Secondary Level
Tier 1 in Practice: Cheyenne Mountain Junior High School
Leader Tasks
6. Tier 2 and 3 Intervention
Definition: What is Tier 2 and Tier 3 Intervention?
Purpose of Tiers 2 and 3 at the Secondary Level
Tier 2 in Practice: Mattawan High School
Tier 3 Implementation
Leader Tasks
7. Progress Monitoring
Definition: What is Progress Monitoring?
Purpose of Progress Monitoring at the Secondary Level
Leader Tasks
8. Conclusion
How is RTI Expected to Lead to Improved Student Learning?
What is the Role of Leadership for Ensuring Successful RTI Implementation?
Why We are Optimistic About the Future of RTI: Two Case Stories
Appendix: RTI Implementation Checklist

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