How the Brain Influences Behavior: Management Strategies for Every Classroom / Edition 1

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Overview

Combining theory and practice, this user-friendly guide translates current brain research into practical, effective strategies for controlling or minimizing disruptive behaviors in K–12 classrooms.

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Editorial Reviews

Toby J. Karten
“This winning book presents clearly outlined brain research as it applies to proactively managing classroom discipline issues. A must-have for teachers who prefer to not only teach, but effectively reach every student too!”
Stephen D. Shepperd
“This book is a must-read for those interested in managing classroom behavior in a manner that is both effective and research based.”
Carolyn Chapman
“This is a timely topic with workable solutions that enables students to learn in today’s classrooms. A must-read for educators working with diverse populations.”
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412958707
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 7/8/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 264
  • Sales rank: 1,366,306
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. David A. Sousa is an international consultant in educational neuroscience and author of 15 books that suggest ways that educators and parents can translate current brain research into strategies for improving learning. A member of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society, he has conducted workshops in hundreds of school districts on brain research, instructional skills, and science education at the Pre-K to 12 and university levels. He has made presentations to more than 100,000 educators at national conventions of educational organizations and to regional and local school districts across the U.S., Canada, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Asia.

Dr. Sousa has a bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Bridgewater State University, a Master of Arts in Teaching degree in science from Harvard University, and a doctorate from Rutgers University. His teaching experience covers all levels. He has taught senior high school science, served as a K-12 director of science, a supervisor of instruction, and a district superintendent in New Jersey schools. He has been an adjunct professor of education at Seton Hall University and a visiting lecturer at Rutgers University.

Prior to his career in New Jersey, Dr. Sousa taught at the American School of Paris (France), and served for five years as a Foreign Service Officer and science advisor at the USA diplomatic missions in Geneva (Switzerland) and Vienna (Austria).

Dr. Sousa has edited science books and published dozens of articles in leading journals on staff development, science education, and educational research. His most popular books for educators, all published by Corwin Press, include: How the Brain Learns, fourth edition; How the Special Needs Brain Learns, second edition; How the Gifted Brain Learns; How the Brain Learns to Read; How the Brain Influences Behavior; and How the Brain Learns Mathematics, which was selected by the Independent Publishers’ Association as one of the best professional development books of 2008. The Leadership Brain suggests ways for educators to lead today’s schools more effectively. His books have been published in French, Spanish, Chinese, Arabic and several other languages.

Dr. Sousa is past president of Learning Forward (formerly NSCD). He has received numerous awards from professional associations, school districts, and educational foundations for his commitment to research, staff development, and science education. He recently received the Distinguished Alumni Award and an honorary doctorate from Bridgewater (Massachusetts) State University, and an honorary doctorate from Gratz College in Philadelphia.

Dr. Sousa has been interviewed by Matt Lauer on the NBC Today Show and by National Public Radio about his work with schools using brain research. He makes his home in south Florida.

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Table of Contents

About the Author
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Are Behavior Problems on the Rise?
Can Neuroscience Help?
About This Book
Questions This Book Will Answer
Chapter Contents
Other Helpful Tools
1. Handling Social Misbehavior
The Social and Emotional Brain
Emotional Processing
Pathways of Emotional Signals
What Leads to Social Misbehavior?
The Teacher Is the Key
Interventions for Handling Social Misbehavior
Dealing With Social Anxieties
Using Social Stories to Modify Behavior
A Case Study: Using a Social Story for a Verbally Aggressive Student
A Social Story for Angry Students
Summary
2. Dealing With Impulsive Behavior
What Leads to Impulsivity and Violent Behavior?
Genetic Variations
Prenatal Exposure to Cocaine
Cerebral Lesions
An Important Word About Testosterone
Ignorance of Rules of Behavior
Some Strategies for Controlling Impulsive Behavior
Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions
Putting Impulsive Problem Behavior in a Social Context
Using Picture Books to Curb Impulsive Anger or Anxiety
Other Suggested Strategies
Summary
3. Teaching Self-Control Through Self-Verbalization
Examining Self-Control
What Is Self-Control?
Are Children Learning Self-Control?
Brain Structures for Self-Control
Do Mirror Neurons Play a Role in Self-Control?
Losing Self-Control
Helping Students Regain Self-Control
Verbal Self-Contol of Aggressive, Defiant, or Other Behavior
The Power of Self-Talk
The ZIPPER Strategy
"Say No and Walk Away" to Resist Peer Pressure
Self-Control Through Self-Talk and Self-Monitoring
The Nature of Attention
Self-Monitoring for Other Problem Behaviors
Self-Control Through Self-Rating of Emotional Intensity
The Anger Thermometer
Summary
4. Managing the Behavior of Boys
Why a Concern With Boys?
Gender Differences in Behavior
Genetic and Environmental Factors
Impact of Biology
Some Research Findings on Behavioral Differences
Using Research-Based Strategies
Movement-Based Instruction and Classroom Management
Boy-Friendly Instruction and Discipline
The Responsibility Strategy
And What About Girls?
The Rise of Cyberbullying
Bullying Versus Cyberbullying
Dealing With Cyberbullying
Summary
5. Building Positive Relationships With Troubled Students
Relationships and Research
Insights From Neuroscience
Some Research Findings
Developing Teacher-Student Relationships
The Importance of Positive Relationships With and for Students
Reaching Unreachable Students With Dialogue Journals
The Lunch Bunch: An Educator's Idea
Managing Serious Behavior Problems Through Adult Mentoring
Summary
6. Using Peer Relationships to Modify Behavior
Examining Peer Relationships
Dealing With Peer Influence: A Two-Edged Sword
The Desire to Be Liked
Peer-Mediated Behavior Management Strategies
Peer-Mediated Anger Management
Factors to Consider in Peer Mediation
Peer Confrontation to Curb Misbehavior
The Mystery Motivator/Mystery Character Intervention to Decrease Inappropriate Behavior
Group Contingency Interventions
Summary
7. Managing Oppositional Behavior
What Is Oppositional Behavior?
Causes of Oppositional Behavior
Students With Oppositional Behavior in the Classroom
Teacher Knowledge of Oppositional Behavior
Teacher Frustration and Countercontrol
Defiant Students: Explosions Waiting to Happen
Avoiding Triggers for Misbehavior in the Classroom
Teaching Students to Relax
Other Strategies
What About Oppositional Defiant Disorder? (ODD)
Development of ODD
Treatment of ODD
Summary
8. Developing Positive Self-Esteem
The Nature of Self-Esteem
The Power of Self-Esteem
Research on Self-Esteem
Guidelines for Building Self-Esteem
Building a New Perspective on the Troubled Student: The Strength-Based Assessment
What Is Strength-Based Assessment?
Motivation and Attribution Retraining
Motivation Research and Attribution Theory
The "Shine My Light" Strategy
Summary
9. Putting It All Together
Educational Climate: Are We Happy Here?
What Is Classroom Climate?
The Biology of Happiness
Successful Behavior Management in the Classroom
Assessing Classroom Climate
Classrom Management and Cultural Diversity
Guidelines for Managing Diverse Classes
Positive Behavioral Supports in the Classroom
What Are Positive Behavioral Supports?
The Functional Assessment of Behavior
The Behavioral Improvement Plan
Multitiered Interventions and the Student Support Team
Summary
Conclusion
Appendix
Glossary
References
Resources
Index

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