How the Cold War Transformed Philosophy of Science: To the Icy Slopes of Logic

How the Cold War Transformed Philosophy of Science: To the Icy Slopes of Logic

by George A. Reisch
     
 

"This book is the first in-depth study of the development of philosophy of science in the United States during the Cold War. It documents the political vitality of logical empiricism and Otto Neurath's Unity of Science movement when these projects emigrated to the United States in the 1930s and follows their depoliticization by a convergence of intellectual, cultural,… See more details below

Overview

"This book is the first in-depth study of the development of philosophy of science in the United States during the Cold War. It documents the political vitality of logical empiricism and Otto Neurath's Unity of Science movement when these projects emigrated to the United States in the 1930s and follows their depoliticization by a convergence of intellectual, cultural, and political forces in the 1950s. Students of logical empiricism and the Vienna Circle often treat these as strictly intellectual nonpolitical projects. In fact, the refugee philosophers of science were highly active politically and debated questions about values inside and outside science, as a result of which their philosophy of science was scrutinized politicaly from both within and without the profession, by such institutions as J. Edgar Hoover's FBI." "Based on extensive archival research, this book constitutes a major chapter in American intellectual history during the Cold War. It reveals how an unlikely combination of intellectual and political forces taking root in Cold War anticommunism shaped both the curricula of colleges and even the research undertaken by leading philosophers." It will prove absorbing reading to philosophers and historians of science, intellectual historians, and scholars of Cold War studies.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521546898
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
03/21/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
434
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

1An introduction to logical empiricism and the unity of science movement in the cold war1
2Otto Neurath, Charles Morris, Rudolf Carnap, and Philipp Frank : political philosophers of science27
3Leftist philosophy of science in America and the reception of logical empiricism in New York city57
4"Doomed in advance to defeat"? John Dewey on reductionism, values, and the international encyclopedia of unified science83
5Red philosophy of science : Blumberg, Malisoff, Somerville, and early Philosophy of Science96
6The view from the left : logical empiricism and radical philosophers118
7The view from the far left : logical empiricism and communist philosophers136
8Postwar disillusionment, anti-intellectualism, and the values debate149
9Horace Kallen's attack on the unity of science167
10Creeping totalitarianism, creeping scholasticism : Neurath, Frank, and the trouble with semantics191
11Frank's Neurathian Crusade : science, enlightenment, and values208
12"A very fertile field for investigation" : anticollectivism and anticommunism in popular and academic culture234
13Anticommunist investigations, loyalty oaths, and the wrath of Sidney Hook259
14Competing programs for postwar philosophy of science283
15Freedom celebrated : the professional decline of Philipp Frank and the unity of science movement307
16The marginalization of Charles Morris331
17Values, axioms, and the icy slopes of logic344
18Professionalism, power, and what might have been369

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