How the United States Racializes Latinos: White Hegemony and Its Consequences

How the United States Racializes Latinos: White Hegemony and Its Consequences

by Jos? A. Cobas
     
 

Mexican and Central American undocumented immigrants, as well as U.S. citizens such as Puerto Ricans and Mexican-Americans, have become a significant portion of the U.S. population. Yet the U.S. government, mainstream society, and radical activists characterize this rich diversity of peoples and cultures as one group alternatively called "Hispanics, " "Latinos, "

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Overview

Mexican and Central American undocumented immigrants, as well as U.S. citizens such as Puerto Ricans and Mexican-Americans, have become a significant portion of the U.S. population. Yet the U.S. government, mainstream society, and radical activists characterize this rich diversity of peoples and cultures as one group alternatively called "Hispanics, " "Latinos, " or even the pejorative "Illegals." How has this racializing of populations engendered governmental policies, police profiling, economic exploitation, and even violence that afflict these groups?

From a variety of settings-New York, New Jersey, Los Angeles, Central America, Cuba-this book explores this question, considering both the national and international implications of U.S. policy. Its coverage ranges from legal definitions and practices to popular stereotyping by the public and the media, covering such diverse topics as racial profiling, workplace discrimination, mob violence, treatment at border crossings, barriers to success in schools, and many more. It shows how government and social processes of racializing are too seldom understood by mainstream society and how the implication of attendant policies are sorely neglected.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781594515989
Publisher:
Paradigm Publishers
Publication date:
05/28/2009
Pages:
264
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 2.70(d)

Meet the Author

José A. Cobas is Professor of Sociology in the School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University. Among his recent publications (with Joe Feagin) are "Latinos/as and the White Racial Frame: The Procrustean Bed of Assimilation," Sociological Inquiry (February 2008) and "Language Oppression and Resistance: Latinos in the United States," Ethnic and Racial Studies (February 2008).

Dr. Jorge Duany is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras. He has published extensively on Caribbean migration, ethnicity, race, nationalism, and transnationalism in academic journals and professional books in the Caribbean, North and South America, Europe, and Asia. He is the author of The Puerto Rican Nation on the Move: Identities on the Island and in the United States (2001) and the coauthor of Puerto Ricans in Orlando and Central Florida (2006).

Joe R. Feagin, currently Ella C. McFadden Professor at Texas A&M University, graduated from Baylor University in 1960 and acquired his Ph.D. in sociology at Harvard University in 1966. Feagin has taught at the University of Massachusetts (Boston), University of California (Riverside), University of Texas, University of Florida, and Texas A&M University. Feagin has done much research work on racism and sexism issues and has served as the scholar in residence at the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. He has written 53 books, one of which (Ghetto Revolts) was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize. He is the 2006 recipient of a Harvard Alumni Association achievement award and was the 1999–2000 president of the American Sociological Association. He is also the 2013 recipient of the Arthur Fletcher Lifetime Achievement Award by the American Association for Affirmative Action.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables ix

Introduction: Racializing Latinos: Historical Background and Current Forms José A. Cobas Jorge Duany Joe R. Feagin 1

1 Pigments of Our Imagination: On the Racialization and Racial Identities of "Hispanics" and "Latinos" Rubén G. Rumbaut 15

2 Counting Latinos in the U.S. Census Clara E. Rodríguez 37

3 Becoming Dark: The Chilean Experience in California, 1848-1870 Fernando purcell 54

4 Repression and Resistance: The Lynching of Persons of Mexican Origin in the United States, 1848-1928 William D. Carrigan Clive Webb 68

5 Opposite One-Drop Rules: Mexican Americans, African Americans, and the Need to Reconceive Turn-of-the-Twentieth-Century Race Relations Laura E. Gómez 87

6 Racializing the Language Practices of U.S. Latinos: Impact on Their Education Ofelia García 101

7 English-Language Spanish in the United States as a Site of Symbolic Violence Jane H. Hill 116

8 Racialization Among Cubans and Cuban Americans Lisandro Pérez 134

9 Racializing Miami: Immigrant Latinos and Colorblind Racism in the Global City Elizabeth Aranda Rosa E. Chang Elena Sabogal 149

10 Blacks, Latinos, and the Immigration Debate: Conflict and Cooperation in Two Global Cities Xóchitl Bada Gilberto Cárdenas 166

11 Central American Immigrants and Racialization in a Post-Civil Rights Era Nestor P. Rodriguez Cecilia Menjívar 183

12 Agency and Structure in Panethnic Identity Formation: The Case of Latino Entrepreneurs Zulema Valdez 200

13 Racializing Ethnicity in the Spanish-Speaking Caribbean: A Comparison of Haitians in the Dominican Republic and Dominicans inPuerto Rico Jorge Duany 214

14 Transnational Racializations: The Extension of Racial Boundaries from Receiving to Sending Societies Wendy D. Roth 228

Contributors 245

Index 248

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