How the United States Racializes Latinos: White Hegemony and Its Consequences

How the United States Racializes Latinos: White Hegemony and Its Consequences

by Jos? A. Cobas
     
 

Mexican and Central American undocumented immigrants, as well as U.S. citizens such as Puerto Ricans and Mexican-Americans, have become a significant portion of the U.S. population. Yet the U.S. government, mainstream society, and radical activists characterize this rich diversity of peoples and cultures as one group alternatively called "Hispanics, " "Latinos, "

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Overview

Mexican and Central American undocumented immigrants, as well as U.S. citizens such as Puerto Ricans and Mexican-Americans, have become a significant portion of the U.S. population. Yet the U.S. government, mainstream society, and radical activists characterize this rich diversity of peoples and cultures as one group alternatively called "Hispanics, " "Latinos, " or even the pejorative "Illegals." How has this racializing of populations engendered governmental policies, police profiling, economic exploitation, and even violence that afflict these groups?

From a variety of settings-New York, New Jersey, Los Angeles, Central America, Cuba-this book explores this question, considering both the national and international implications of U.S. policy. Its coverage ranges from legal definitions and practices to popular stereotyping by the public and the media, covering such diverse topics as racial profiling, workplace discrimination, mob violence, treatment at border crossings, barriers to success in schools, and many more. It shows how government and social processes of racializing are too seldom understood by mainstream society and how the implication of attendant policies are sorely neglected.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781594515989
Publisher:
Paradigm Publishers
Publication date:
05/28/2009
Pages:
264
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 2.70(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables ix

Introduction: Racializing Latinos: Historical Background and Current Forms José A. Cobas Jorge Duany Joe R. Feagin 1

1 Pigments of Our Imagination: On the Racialization and Racial Identities of "Hispanics" and "Latinos" Rubén G. Rumbaut 15

2 Counting Latinos in the U.S. Census Clara E. Rodríguez 37

3 Becoming Dark: The Chilean Experience in California, 1848-1870 Fernando purcell 54

4 Repression and Resistance: The Lynching of Persons of Mexican Origin in the United States, 1848-1928 William D. Carrigan Clive Webb 68

5 Opposite One-Drop Rules: Mexican Americans, African Americans, and the Need to Reconceive Turn-of-the-Twentieth-Century Race Relations Laura E. Gómez 87

6 Racializing the Language Practices of U.S. Latinos: Impact on Their Education Ofelia García 101

7 English-Language Spanish in the United States as a Site of Symbolic Violence Jane H. Hill 116

8 Racialization Among Cubans and Cuban Americans Lisandro Pérez 134

9 Racializing Miami: Immigrant Latinos and Colorblind Racism in the Global City Elizabeth Aranda Rosa E. Chang Elena Sabogal 149

10 Blacks, Latinos, and the Immigration Debate: Conflict and Cooperation in Two Global Cities Xóchitl Bada Gilberto Cárdenas 166

11 Central American Immigrants and Racialization in a Post-Civil Rights Era Nestor P. Rodriguez Cecilia Menjívar 183

12 Agency and Structure in Panethnic Identity Formation: The Case of Latino Entrepreneurs Zulema Valdez 200

13 Racializing Ethnicity in the Spanish-Speaking Caribbean: A Comparison of Haitians in the Dominican Republic and Dominicans inPuerto Rico Jorge Duany 214

14 Transnational Racializations: The Extension of Racial Boundaries from Receiving to Sending Societies Wendy D. Roth 228

Contributors 245

Index 248

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