How the United States Racializes Latinos: White Hegemony and Its Consequences

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Mexican and Central American undocumented immigrants, as well as U.S. citizens such as Puerto Ricans and Mexican Americans, have become a significant portion of the U.S. population. Yet the U.S. government, mainstream society, and radical activists characterize this rich diversity of peoples and cultures as one group alternatively called “Hispanics,” “Latinos,” or even the pejorative “illegals.” How has this racializing of populations engendered governmental policies, police profiling, economic exploitation, and even violence that afflict these groups?

From a variety of settings—New York, New Jersey, Los Angeles, Central America, Cuba—this book explores this question in considering both the national and international implications of U.S. policy. Its coverage ranges from legal definitions and practices to popular stereotyping by the public and the media, covering such diverse topics as racial profiling, workplace discrimination, mob violence, treatment at border crossings, barriers to success in schools, and many more. It shows how government and social processes of racializing are too seldom understood by mainstream society, and the implication of attendant policies are sorely neglected.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781594515996
  • Publisher: Paradigm Publishers
  • Publication date: 9/28/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 264
  • Sales rank: 857,194
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

José A. Cobas is Professor of Sociology in the School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University. Among his recent publications (with Joe Feagin) are "Latinos/as and the White Racial Frame: The Procrustean Bed of Assimilation," Sociological Inquiry (February 2008) and "Language Oppression and Resistance: Latinos in the United States," Ethnic and Racial Studies (February 2008).

Dr. Jorge Duany is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras. He has published extensively on Caribbean migration, ethnicity, race, nationalism, and transnationalism in academic journals and professional books in the Caribbean, North and South America, Europe, and Asia. He is the author of The Puerto Rican Nation on the Move: Identities on the Island and in the United States (2001) and the coauthor of Puerto Ricans in Orlando and Central Florida (2006).

Joe R. Feagin, currently Ella C. McFadden Professor at Texas A&M University, graduated from Baylor University in 1960 and acquired his Ph.D. in sociology at Harvard University in 1966. Feagin has taught at the University of Massachusetts (Boston), University of California (Riverside), University of Texas, University of Florida, and Texas A&M University. Feagin has done much research work on racism and sexism issues and has served as the scholar in residence at the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. He has written 53 books, one of which (Ghetto Revolts) was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize. He is the 2006 recipient of a Harvard Alumni Association achievement award and was the 1999–2000 president of the American Sociological Association. He is also the 2013 recipient of the Arthur Fletcher Lifetime Achievement Award by the American Association for Affirmative Action.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables

Introduction Racializing Latinos: Historical Background and Current Forms
José A. Cobas, Jorge Duany, and Joe R. Feagin

Chapter 1 Pigments of Our Imagination: On the Racialization and Racial Identities of “Hispanics” and “Latinos”
Rubén G. Rumbaut

Chapter 2 Counting Latinos in the U.S. Census
Clara E. Rodríguez

Chapter 3 Becoming Dark: The Chilean Experience in California, 1848–1870
Fernando Purcell

Chapter 4 Repression and Resistance: The Lynching of Persons of Mexican Origin in the United States, 1848–1928
William D. Carrigan and Clive Webb

Chapter 5 Opposite One-Drop Rules: Mexican Americans, African Americans, and the Need to Reconceive Turn-of-the-Twentieth-Century Race Relations
Laura E. Gómez

Chapter 6 Racializing the Language Practices of U.S. Latinos: Impact on Their Education
Ofelia García

Chapter 7 English-Language Spanish in the United States as a Site of Symbolic Violence
Jane H. Hill

Chapter 8 Racialization among Cubans and Cuban Americans
Lisandro Pérez

Chapter 9 Racializing Miami: Immigrant Latinos and Colorblind Racism in the Global City
Elizabeth Aranda, Rosa E. Chang, and Elena Sabogal

Chapter 10 Blacks, Latinos, and the Immigration Debate: Conflict and Cooperation in Two Global Cities
Xóchitl Bada and Gilberto Cárdenas

Chapter 11 Central American Immigrants and Racialization in a Post-Civil Rights Era
Nestor P. Rodriguez and Cecilia Menjívar

Chapter 12 Agency and Structure in Panethnic Identity Formation: The Case of Latino/a Entrepreneurs
Zulema Valdez

Chapter 13 Racializing Ethnicity in the Spanish-Speaking Caribbean: A Comparison of Haitians in the Dominican Republic and Dominicans in Puerto Rico
Jorge Duany

Chapter 14 Transnational Racializations: The Extension of Racial Boundaries from Receiving to Sending Societies
Wendy D. Roth


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