How They Got Over: African Americans and the Call of the Sea

Overview

African Americans have been drawn to the sea for hundreds of years. In this collection of biographies, Eloise Greenfield examines how that connection to the sea has influenced generations of African Americansfrom a shipbuilder-businessman during the American Revolution to the first woman and African American to hold the highest-ranking position in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps. The lives of the extraordinary men and women included here create a stirring image of the ...

See more details below
Available through our Marketplace sellers.
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (12) from $1.99   
  • New (2) from $17.98   
  • Used (10) from $1.99   
Close
Sort by
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Note: Marketplace items are not eligible for any BN.com coupons and promotions
$17.98
Seller since 2008

Feedback rating:

(280)

Condition:

New — never opened or used in original packaging.

Like New — packaging may have been opened. A "Like New" item is suitable to give as a gift.

Very Good — may have minor signs of wear on packaging but item works perfectly and has no damage.

Good — item is in good condition but packaging may have signs of shelf wear/aging or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Acceptable — item is in working order but may show signs of wear such as scratches or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Used — An item that has been opened and may show signs of wear. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Refurbished — A used item that has been renewed or updated and verified to be in proper working condition. Not necessarily completed by the original manufacturer.

New
0060289929 New item in stock, may show minimal wear from storage. No remainder mark. I ship daily and provide tracking! 100% Money Back Guarantee!

Ships from: FORT MYERS, FL

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
$17.98
Seller since 2014

Feedback rating:

(3)

Condition: New
LIBRARY BINDING New 0060289929 New item in stock, may show minimal wear from storage. No remainder mark. I ship daily and provide tracking! 100% Money Back Guarantee!

Ships from: LEHIGH ACRES, FL

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Close
Sort by
Note: Kids' Club Eligible. See More Details.
Sending request ...

Overview

African Americans have been drawn to the sea for hundreds of years. In this collection of biographies, Eloise Greenfield examines how that connection to the sea has influenced generations of African Americansfrom a shipbuilder-businessman during the American Revolution to the first woman and African American to hold the highest-ranking position in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps. The lives of the extraordinary men and women included here create a stirring image of the powerful tie between African Americans and the water that has both bound them and set them free. Jan Spivey Gilchrist's artwork is as evocative as the profiles of the people it illustrates.

Author Biography: Eloise Greenfield is a poet and the author of over thirty books for children, including Africa Dream, a winner of the Coretta Scott King Award, and Honey, I Love. She lives in Washington, D.C.

Profiles African American men and women who have had a strong connection with the sea, from slaves whose owners sent them to work on ships to today's fishermen, naval officers, and marine biologists.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature
Packed with seafaring adventures, Eloise Greenfield's, How They Got Over recounts the trials and triumphs of various African American pioneers of the sea. The logical, yet intriguing style of Greenfield's book invites the reader to embark on a journey through the exciting history of African American exploration at sea. A collection of simplistically-written, concise biographies portrays each of thirteen African Americans as they make their mark on the history of deep sea exploration. Beginning in 1759 with Paul Cuffe, the book progresses chronologically to the year 2000 when Carl Brashear was the first African American-amputee diver. How They Got Over is itself a complex timeline of exploration, discovery, and sea pioneering contributions made by various African Americans over the course of 250 years. Greenfield tells of the courage and determination that drove these individuals to become "pilgrims" of the sea, and identifies the relationship and impact each of these people has on the way we interpret and understand the sea today. 2003, HarperCollins Publishers,
— Katie Belby <%ISBN%>0060289910
VOYA
Would you like to be captured by pirates? Or would you rather be an officer on a steamship? This book is not just about how African Americans crossed the Atlantic, but how they got over pain, grief, and obstacles. This book is aimed at sixth through eighth graders or anyone interested in history. It is an extremely easy read that might prove essential to junior high students studying about slavery. Index. Illus. Biblio. Further Reading. VOYA Codes: 3Q 3P M (Readable without serious defects; Will appeal with pushing; Middle School, defined as grades 6 to 8). 2003, Amistad/HarperCollins, 128p,
— Ashley Brugger, Teen Reviewer
School Library Journal
Gr 3-5-Eight seafaring African Americans from the last 250 years are profiled: Paul Cuffe, James Forten, Robert Smalls, Matthew Henson, recreational scuba diver Shirley Lee, Evelyn Fields of NOAA, and Michelle Howard of the U.S. Navy. The title refers not to their crossing the ocean, but to the meaning in the gospel song "How I Got Over"-in other words, how they pushed on with their lives, "in spite of pain, grief and enormous obstacles." A full-page, black-and-white drawing of each individual accompanies the text. Following the profiles are "snapshots," or spreads, that introduce Langston Hughes, Alex Haley, Samuel L. Gravely, Jr., Carl M. Brashear, Albert Jos Jones, and William Pinkney. A "montage" highlights African-American involvement with the sea, be it as Civil War sailors or Pea Island Station Lifesavers. The bibliography is extensive. The open layout, generous type size, and engaging writing make this a good choice for reports.-Diane S. Marton, Arlington County Library, VA Copyright 2003 Cahners Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
A series of sketches, some sketchier than others, attempts to bring to a child audience a number of African-Americans who have had some relationship with the sea. Figures from history—Paul Cuffe, James Forten, Matthew Henson—share space with more contemporary and less well-known figures—deep-sea diver Shirley Lee, NOAA administrator Rear Admiral Evelyn J. Fields, Naval Commander Michelle Janine Howard. These "Profiles" are followed by a series of "Snapshots"—brief page-and-a-half entries on such individuals as Langston Hughes and Alex Haley which emphasize their sea-going sides—and then a brief "Montage" of paragraph-long blurbs on other African-American involvements with the sea. The organizational concept is novel, but that’s where the novelty ends. The relative unevenness of coverage gives the whole a somewhat scattershot effect and mostly tantalizes rather than informs with the briefer entries. There is very little indication in this offering that Greenfield (Honey, I Love, above, etc.) is a poet: short, choppy sentences rarely attain a level of beauty higher than bland. As nonfiction, it reads like a very old-fashioned example of the art. Despite allusions in the text to diaries and letters, primary-source material makes no appearance; neither, with one exception, are there quotes from any of the living figures profiled. Combined with the generally undistinguished language, this makes for an essentially passive text. Frequent collaborator Gilchrist (as above) provides black-and-white portraits of the individuals represented at the beginning of each chapter. A bibliography and index (not seen) round out this uninspiring biographical collection. (Biography.8-11)
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780060289928
  • Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
  • Publication date: 1/1/2003
  • Format: Library Binding
  • Edition description: 1ST
  • Pages: 128
  • Age range: 8 - 11 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.25 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.60 (d)

First Chapter

Profiles

Paul Cuffe
1759 - 1817

The pirates were chasing him, their boat not far behind his, as he sailed out into the ocean. The young man, Paul Cuffe, raced toward Nantucket Island, but the pirates caught up with him and took all his cargo, the items he was hoping to sell in Nantucket at a profit. He returned home to Dartmouth, Massachusetts, to start again. He had to buy all new items to sell on his next attempt.

Almost since his birth, in 1759 on Cuttyhunk Island, just off the coast of Massachusetts, the sea had been a part of Paul Cuffe's life. His father, Kofi, had been a small boy, only ten years old, living in Ghana, Africa, when he was kidnapped, taken to America and sold. He was bought by the Slocum family, of Dartmouth, who belonged to the Society of Friends religion, often called Quakers. Koh's name was changed to Cuffe Slocum.

Some years later, as Quakers became more and more opposed to slavery, Cuffe Slocum was freed. In 1746, he married Ruth Moses, a Native American of the Wampanoag Nation. The husband and wife earned a living by farming, and over time, they moved to several different places in the area, including Cuttyhunk, finally purchasing a farm of more than a hundred acres in Dartmouth. They had ten children. Paul was the youngest boy and the fourth youngest child.

Cuffe Slocum, the father, taught himself to read and write. He and his wife continued to farm while he built a successful business as a carpenter and builder, hauling items to customers by boat. It was a family business -- the children helped, and Paul became very familiar with the workings of boats.

When Paul was about thirteen years old,his father died. The following year, Paul signed on to sail as a crew member of a whaling ship. When that voyage ended, he signed on with cargo ships for other voyages. But the waters were not safe. Americans who had migrated from England no longer wanted to be ruled by British kings, and they had begun their war for independence, the American Revolution, much of it taking place on the sea.

On one of Paul's trips, his ship was captured by the British. He and the other sailors were taken to a British prison. After a few months, they were released because the prison was overcrowded, and were able to return home. At some point during these years, Paul changed his name. Taking his father's first name, Cuffe, as his last, and dropping Slocum, he became Paul Cuffe.

Paul and one of his brothers began building boats and sailing to places that were not more than several hours away, to sell and trade their cargo. Because of the dangers from British ships and pirates, Paul's brother went back to farming, but Paul continued shipping. And that's when he was caught by pirates off Nantucket.

The task was to get from one place to another without being seen by either British ships or pirates. Sometimes Paul sailed at night. He was robbed more than once by pirates, but he kept trying, and sometimes he was able to make it to Nantucket, where he sold his goods and returned home with a profit.

In Massachusetts at that time, there were serious problems surrounding the rights of African Americans. One of them was the denial of voting rights. In 1780, a small group of African Americans, including Paul, petitioned the state lawmakers for the right to vote. Since they had to pay taxes, they said, they should have the same rights as other citizens.

The petitioners used the same argument that America was using in its war with England: taxation without representation was unfair. Their petition was denied.

America had declared its independence from Great Britain on July 4, 1776, but the war was far from over. It did not end until 1783. That year, Paul Cuffe was twenty-four years old. He had grown up having close contact with African Americans and Quakers, and with members of his mother's Native American family and friends, and the year that the American Revolution ended, he married a Wampanoag woman, Alice Pequit.

Paul Cuffe and his wife lived on their own farm, a very large one, in Westport, Massachusetts. In the years that followed, they had seven sons and daughters. For his children and their many cousins, Cuffe founded a school on his land, and invited other children to attend.

Paul Cuffe's shipping business was a great success. He had built several ships, each one larger than the last. He became known as Captain Cuffe. Eventually, he also began to purchase ships. He added his sister's husband as a business partner and employed his sons, nephews and sons-in-law, as well as other African Americans, as crew members on the ships and to help run the business ...

How They Got Over. Copyright © by Eloise Greenfield. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)