How to Grade for Learning, K-12 / Edition 3

How to Grade for Learning, K-12 / Edition 3

by Ken B. O'Connor, Rick Stiggins
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1412953820

ISBN-13: 9781412953825

Pub. Date: 05/19/2009

Publisher: SAGE Publications

Implement standards-based grading practices that help students succeed!

The new edition of this bestseller demonstrates how to improve grading practices by linking grades with standards and establishing policies that better reflect student achievement. Ken O’Connor updates eight guidelines for good grading, provides practical applications, and examines

Overview

Implement standards-based grading practices that help students succeed!

The new edition of this bestseller demonstrates how to improve grading practices by linking grades with standards and establishing policies that better reflect student achievement. Ken O’Connor updates eight guidelines for good grading, provides practical applications, and examines a number of additional grading issues, including grade point average calculation and computer grading programs. Thoroughly revised, this edition includes:

  • A greater emphasis on standards-based grading practices
  • Updated research and additional information on feedback and homework
  • New sections on academic dishonesty, extra credit, and bonus points
  • Additional information on utilizing level scores
  • Reflective exercises

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781412953825
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Publication date:
05/19/2009
Edition description:
Third Edition
Pages:
296
Sales rank:
318,278
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 10.90(h) x 0.80(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Foreword by Rick Stiggins
Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Author
Introduction
What Grading Terminology Is Needed?
What Is the Context of Grading?
Constructivist Theories of Learning
How Do These Concepts Affect Assessment?
Why Grade?
What Are the Underlying Perspectives on Grading?
Grading Practices and Guidelines
Grading Issues
1. Linking Grades
Guideline 1
The Case of Michael's Amazing Passing Shop Grade
What's the Purpose of the Guideline?
What Are the Key Elements of the Guideline?
What's the Bottom Line?
What's My Thinking Now?
A Reflection on Guideline 1
2. Using Performance Standards
Guideline 2
The Case of Sally's Shocking Grade
What's the Purpose of the Guideline?
What Are the Key Elements of the Guideline?
What's the Bottom Line?
What's My Thinking Now?
A Reflection on Guideline 2
3. Grading Individual Achievement
Guideline 3
The Case of Rick's Mysterious Falling Grade
What's the Purpose of the Guideline?
What Are the Key Elements of the Guideline?
What's the Bottom Line?
What's My Thinking Now?
A Reflection on Guideline 3
4. Sampling Student Performance
Guideline 4
The Case of Heather's Grim Grade
What's the Purpose of the Guideline?
What Are the Key Elements of the Guideline?
What's the Bottom Line?
What's My Thinking Now?
A Reflection on Guideline 4
5. Changing Grades
Guideline 5
The Case of Anil's Amazing Improvement
What's the Purpose of the Guideline?
What Are the Key Elements of the Guideline?
What's the Bottom Line?
What's My Thinking Now?
A Reflection on Guideline 5
6. Crunching Numbers
Guideline 6
The Case of Alexis' Absences
What's the Purpose of the Guideline?
What Are the Key Elements of the Guideline?
What's the Bottom Line?
What's My Thinking Now?
A Reflection on Guideline 6
7. Quality Assessment and Keeping Records
Guideline 7
The Case of Brian's Boosted Grade
What's the Purpose of the Guideline?
What Are the Key Elements of the Guideline?
What's the Bottom Line?
What's My Thinking Now?
A Reflection on Guideline 7
8. Communicating With Students About Grades
Guideline 8
The Case of Huan's Lunchtime Surprise
What's the Purpose of the Guideline?
What Are the Key Elements of the Guideline?
What's the Bottom Line?
What's My Thinking Now?
A Reflection on Guideline 8
9. Putting It All Together
Grade Book and Checklists
Conclusion
10. More Grading Issues
Grading Systems
Grading Exceptional Students
Computer Grading Programs
Calculating Grade Point Averages
Other Legal Issues
Grading Policy
11. Communicating Student Achievement to Others
Report Cards
Expanded-Format Reporting
Informal Communications
Student-Involved Conferencing
Summary
12. The Way Ahead
De-emphasizing Traditional Grades
Demystifying the Entire Grading Process
Focusing on the Process of Learning
Focusing on the Progress of the Individual Student
Summary
Recommendations
What's My Thinking Now?
Appendix I: Glossary
Appendix II: Guidelines for Grading in Standards-Based Systems
Appendix III: A Proposed Grading Policy
Bibliography
Additional Resources
Index

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