How We Reason

How We Reason

by Philip Johnson-Laird
     
 

Good reasoning can lead to success; bad reasoning can lead to catastrophe. Yet, it's not obvious how we reason, and why we make mistakes. This new book by one of the pioneers of the field, Philip Johnson-Laird, looks at the mental processes that underlie our reasoning. It provides the most accessible account yet of the science of reasoning.See more details below

Overview

Good reasoning can lead to success; bad reasoning can lead to catastrophe. Yet, it's not obvious how we reason, and why we make mistakes. This new book by one of the pioneers of the field, Philip Johnson-Laird, looks at the mental processes that underlie our reasoning. It provides the most accessible account yet of the science of reasoning.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780198569763
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
12/14/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
584
Product dimensions:
9.30(w) x 6.00(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents


Introduction     1
The World in Our Conscious Minds
Icons and Images     21
Models of Possibilities: From Conjuring Tricks to Disasters     38
The World in Our Unconscious Minds
Mental Architecture and the Unconscious     51
Intuitions and Unconscious Reasoning     60
Emotions as Inferences     73
Reasoning in Psychological Illnesses     89
How We Make Deductions
Only Connections     105
I'm my own Grandpa: Reasoning About Identities and Other Relations     119
Syllogisms and Reasoning about Properties     136
Isn't Everyone an Optimist? The Case of Complex Reasoning     153
How We Make Inductions
Modulation: A Step Towards Induction     165
Knowledge and Inductions     174
Sherlock Holmes's Method: Abduction     185
The Balance of Probabilities     197
What Makes us Rational
Counterexamples     213
Truths, Lies, and the Higher Reasoning     231
How We Develop Our Ability to Reason
On Development     247
Strategies and Cultures     262
How We can Improve our Reasoning     279
Knowledge, Beliefs, and Problems
The Puzzles of If     295
Causes and Obligations     311
Beliefs, Heresies, and Changes in Mind     332
How we Solve Problems     350
Expert Reasoning in Technology, Logic, and Science
Flying Bicycles: How the Wright Brothers Invented the Airplane     369
Unwrapping an Enigma     387
On the Mode of the Communication of Cholera     402
How we Reason     414
Glossary     424
Notes on the Chapters     431
Acknowledgements     494
References     497
Name Index     545
Subject Index     557

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >