Human Adaptability: An Introduction to Ecological Anthropology

Human Adaptability: An Introduction to Ecological Anthropology

0.0 0
by Emilio F Moran
     
 

Designed to help students understand the multiple levels at which human populations respond to their surroundings, this essential text offers the most complete discussion of environmental, physiological, behavioral, and cultural adaptive strategies available. Among the unique features that make Human Adaptability outstanding as both a textbook for students and a… See more details below

Overview

Designed to help students understand the multiple levels at which human populations respond to their surroundings, this essential text offers the most complete discussion of environmental, physiological, behavioral, and cultural adaptive strategies available. Among the unique features that make Human Adaptability outstanding as both a textbook for students and a reference book for professionals are a complete discussion of the development of ecological anthropology and relevant research methods; the use of an ecosystem approach with emphasis on arctic, high altitude, arid land, grassland, tropical rain forest, and urban environments; an extensive and updated bibliography on ecological anthropology; and a comprehensive glossary of technical terms.

Entirely new to the third edition are chapters on urban sustainability and methods of spatial analysis, with enhanced emphasis throughout on the role of gender in human-adaptability research and on global environmental change as it affects particular ecosystems. In addition, new sections in each chapter guide students to websites that provide access to relevant material, complement the text's coverage of biomes, and suggest ways to become active in environmental issues.

About the Author:
Emilio F. Moran is Distinguished Professor and James H. Rudy Professor of anthropology, professor of environmental sciences and adjunct professor of geography, Director of the Anthropological Center for Training and Research on Global Environmental Change, and Codirector of the Center for the Study of Institutions, Populations, and Environmental Change at Indiana University

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780865314306
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
09/15/1982
Pages:
404

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsxi
Preface to the Second Editionxv
List of Acronymsxxv
Part 1Ecological Anthropology: History, Theory, and Method
1People in Ecosystems3
Human Adaptability as a Response to Constraints5
Modeling10
Energy13
Matter16
Information19
Ecosystems and Global Change20
Summary22
Recommended Readings23
Notes25
2Theories of Human-Habitat Interaction up to the 1950s27
Environmental Determinism28
Human Adaptation to Environment32
Nature as Limiting Factor: Malthus and Possibilism38
Summary43
Recommended Readings44
Notes45
3From Cultural Ecology to Environmental Anthropology47
Steward's Cultural Ecology47
Applications of the Cultural Ecological Method50
The Approach of Ecological Anthropology58
The Ethnoecological Approach63
Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change64
Historical Ecology68
Political Ecology69
Summary70
Recommended Readings72
Notes73
4Fundamental Concepts and Methods75
The Challenge of Scale and Levels of Analysis75
Ecosystemic Relationships78
Soils and Plant Productivity86
Physiological Responses91
Social/Cultural Regulatory Adjustments99
Information and Decisions: Toward Actor-Based Approaches102
Summary106
Recommended Readings108
Notes110
Part 2Studies of Human Adaptability
5Human Adaptability to Arctic Zones113
The Arctic Ecosystem114
Adaptation to Cold Stress119
Coping with Snow and Sea Ice126
Adaptation to Prolonged Light and Darkness128
Coping with Low Biological Productivity132
Impacts of Global Change in the Arctic137
Summary143
Recommended Readings145
Notes147
6Human Adaptability to High Altitudes149
Mountain Ecosystems150
Adaptation to Hypoxia155
Adaptability to Cold Stress in the Andes165
Aridity and Low Productivity169
Climate Change and High-Altitude Ecosystems175
Summary176
Recommended Readings177
Notes179
7Human Adaptability to Arid Lands181
Desert Ecosystems182
Adjustments to Dry Heat187
Utilization of Resources192
Irrigation200
Change in Desert Ecosystems212
Summary214
Recommended Readings216
8Human Adaptability to Grasslands219
Grasslands Ecosystems221
Herd Management229
Relations with Cultivators242
Adaptive Strategies in the Northern Plains243
Global Change and the Future of Grasslands and Pastoralism251
Summary252
Recommended Readings255
9Human Adaptability to the Humid Tropics259
Tropical Rain Forest Ecosystems261
Coping with Ecosystem Complexity269
Adaptability to Humid Heat292
Global Change Processes and Alternatives to Deforestation293
Summary300
Recommended Readings301
Notes303
Part 3New Directions
10New Directions in Environmental Anthropology307
Human Adaptability to Global Environmental Change307
The Use of Remote Sensing in Anthropology309
Urban Ecology321
Experimental Approaches in Environmental Anthropology325
Common Property Resources and the Study of Institutions328
Political Economy and Human Adaptability330
Notes332
Epilogue333
Glossary339
Bibliography357
Index431

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >