The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology / Edition 1

The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology / Edition 1

by Eric T. Olson
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0195134230

ISBN-13: 9780195134230

Pub. Date: 09/02/1999

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Most philosophers writing about personal identity in recent years claim that what it takes for us to persist through time is a matter of psychology. In this groundbreaking new book, Eric Olson argues that such approaches face daunting problems, and he defends in their place a radically non-psychological account of personal identity. He defines human beings as

Overview

Most philosophers writing about personal identity in recent years claim that what it takes for us to persist through time is a matter of psychology. In this groundbreaking new book, Eric Olson argues that such approaches face daunting problems, and he defends in their place a radically non-psychological account of personal identity. He defines human beings as biological organisms, and claims that no psychological relation is either sufficient or necessary for an organism to persist.
Olson rejects several famous thought-experiments dealing with personal identity. He argues, instead, that one could survive the destruction of all of one's psychological contents and capabilities as long as the human organism remains alive—as long as its vital functions, such as breathing, circulation, and metabolism, continue.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195134230
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
09/02/1999
Series:
Philosophy of Mind Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
200
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 3(4)
1. Psychology and Personal Identity
7(15)
I. Human Vegetables and Cerebrum Transplants
7(4)
II. The Psychological Approach
11(5)
III. The Biological Approach
16(6)
2. Persistence
22(20)
I. Criteria of Personal Identity
22(5)
II. Substance Concepts
27(4)
III. Movers and Thinkers
31(6)
IV. "Person P1 at Time t1"
37(5)
3. Why We Need Not Accept the Psychological Approach
42(28)
I. The Transplant Intuition
42(2)
II. Whole-Brain Transplants
44(2)
III. Fission and Hemispherectomy
46(6)
IV. Prudential Concern
52(5)
V. Moral Responsibility
57(5)
VI. The Treatment Argument
63(2)
VII. Same Person
65(5)
VIII. Practical Consequences of the Biological Approach
70(3)
4. Was I Ever a Fetus?
73(21)
I. The Fetus Problems
73(3)
II. Playing the Problem Down
76(5)
III. Future-Directed Identity and Disjunctive Criteria
81(4)
IV. Second-Order Capacities
85(4)
V. When Did I Begin?
89(5)
5. Are People Animals?
94(30)
I. Human People or Human Animals?
94(1)
II. Appearances
95(2)
III. Coincidence
97(5)
IV. Personhood
102(4)
V. Why We Are Animals
106(3)
VI. Psychological Persistence Conditions for Animals?
109(2)
VII. Death and Ceasing to Be
111(9)
VIII. A Counterattack
120(4)
6. The Biological Approach
124(30)
I. Further Questions
124(2)
II. Organisms
126(5)
III. The Identity of Organisms
131(4)
IV. Lives
135(5)
V. Brainstem Replacements and Other Difficulties
140(2)
VI. The Bodily Criterion
142(12)
7. Alternatives
154(15)
I. Are There Any People?
154(5)
II. Relative Identity
159(3)
III. Temporal Parts
162(7)
Notes 169(10)
References 179(8)
Index 187

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