Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images / Edition 2

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Overview


Modern tomographic scans are revealing the structure of the human brain in unprecedented detail. This spectator progress, however, poses a critical problem for neuroscientists and practitioners of brain-related professions: how to find their way in the current tomographic images so as to identify a particular brain site, be it normal or damaged by disease? The problem is made all the more difficult by the large degree of individual neuroanatomical variation. Prepared by a leading expert in advanced brain-imaging techniques, this unique atlas is a guide to the localization of brain structures that illustrates the wide range of neuranatomical variation. It is based on the analysis of 29 normal brain obtained from three-dimensional reconstructions of magnetic resonance scans of living persons. It also provides 177 section (coronal, axial, and parasagital) of one of those brains so that the same structure presented in the section obtained in one incidence can be identified in the section of another incidence. An additional 209 sections of two incidences of two other brains with different overall configurations are included at the same incidences, so that readers can become familiar with the variability of standard images prompted by different skull shapes. Forty-six normal brains, segmented in to the major lobes, are also included. The atlas is based on a voxel-rendering technique developed in the author's laboratory that permits the reconstruction of the brain in three dimensions. The technique permits the identification of major sulci and gyri with about the same degree of precision that can be achieved at the autopsy table. The volume contains 50 pages of color illustrations. The Second Edition of this atlas offers entirely new images, all from new brain specimens. Like the first edition, it will prove to be an essential tool for neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuroradiologists, psychiatrists, and neuroscientists, as well as medical and neuroscience students.

The book contains predominantly black-and-white illustrations, with some color illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Jeremy D Schmahmann, MD (Massachusetts General Hospital)
Description: The ability to reliably identify cerebral cortical areas of the human brain in morphometric and functional imaging studies is a major goal of contemporary cognitive neuroscience. To this end, Hanna Damasio's second and fully revised edition of her atlas is an extremely practical guide to the gross morphology of the human brain.
Purpose: This revised atlas identifies cerebral gyri in the cardinal planes used in clinical, morphometric and functional MRI scans, and addresses issues of individual variation between brains and between hemispheres of the same brain. This is a valuable and important tool that further facilitates structure-function and clinical-anatomical correlations in the human brain.
Audience: The book is written for clinicians and researchers involved in the elucidation of structure-function correlations of the human cerebral cortex. Medical students, graduate students, residents, fellows and practitioners in neurology, neuropsychology, cognitive neuroscience, psychiatry, surgery, radiology, and the inter-related disciplines engaged in functional neuroimaging will benefit from access to this careful and detailed analysis written by an authoritative figure in the field.
Features: This meticulous and detailed analysis of human gyral morphology recognizes variations between and within brains. It commences with a comparative gross morphometry of brains from different primates, and then shows that within human brains there is inter-individual variability of even the major fissures. The external features of three brains with different shapes (one dolicocephalic and two brachicephalic) are presented, including Brodmann area equivalents in the dolicephalic brain. This is followed by a demonstration in 26 brains of overt sulcal and gyral variations. The bulk of the book comprises the MRI images of the three different brains sectioned in the axial, coronal and sagittal planes used in clinical and research scans. The gyri are clearly labeled, and the incidence (plane of section) is identified on the lateral and medial views of the hemisphere on every page. It concludes with examples of how the cerebral cortical localization of focal lesions can be accurately identified on MRI using this atlas. What is missing is identification of structures in the cerebellum even though the cerebellar fissures and lobules are clearly identifiable. Clinicians and researchers interested in structure-function correlations of the human cerebellum will need to turn to the MRI Atlas of the Human Cerebellum, by Schmahmann (Academic Press, 2000) for this information.
Assessment: In Dr. Damasio's thoroughly revised second edition of her book, she enhances the understanding of common principles of gross brain organization. It provides users with confidence in their ability to identify focal regions of the cerebral cortex on computerized scans, and leads them through the intricacies of the relationship of gross morphology to Brodmann architecture. This outstanding atlas thus facilitates further detailed exploration of the functional attributes of the cerebral cortical structures so carefully analyzed throughout the work.
From the Publisher

". . . Hanna Damasio's new book provides for us a convenient and smooth bridge between old and new technologies by showing us the limitations of the old, how to compensate for these limitations, and how to use the new as it becomes available . . . she has taken us yet another step into the future of clinical neurology and cognitive neuroscience by giving us a roadmap to navigate the expanding future of 3-D neuroimaging." Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology

From reviews of the previous edition: "...Hanna Damasio's new book provides for us a convenient and smooth bridge between old and new technologies by showing us the limitations of the old, how to compensate for these limitations, and how to use the new as it becomes roadmap to navigate the expanding future of 3-D neuroimaging." --Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology

"...an excellent source for interpreting cortical brain anatomy in routine and experimental neuroradialogical studies...This atlas will be very helpful for more precise neuroradiological interpretations of brain lesions in clinical practice and in the research setting...[it] may serve as a benchmark for interpreting functional neuroimaging studies. Neurologists, neuroradiologists, neurosurgeons, and neuroscientists will find it valuable in everyday practice. It should be purchased by medical libraries and clinicians and neuroscientists with an interest in surface brain anatomy and its variations." --Doody's Health Sciences Book Review Journal

From reviews of the first edition: "This elegant atlas should be on the shelf of any clinician or researcher working with brain imaging in humans. It is extremely well-organized and easy to use...This atlas will help all researchers and clinicians to better understand brian anatomy in neurimaging...so meticulously put together, that a great deal of brain localization work will be possible with reference to this invaluable atlas." --Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society

"This outstanding atlas...facilitates further detailed exploration of the functional attributes of the cerebral cortical strutures so carefully analyzed throughout the work."--Doody's

"This title is noteworthy because of the sharp and concrete detail with which it allows the reader to peer into the dimensions of the brain and then assess the varied depths of its neurological landscape."--The Electric Review

Steven U. Brint
This is a new brain atlas that reveals surface anatomy of living human brains using a wide spectrum CT reconstructions in many orientations. This makes it an excellent source for interpreting cortical brain anatomy in routine and experimental neuroradiological studies. "The book will assist clinicians and researchers in precisely interpreting the surface anatomy of the cerebral cortex as seen in conventional neuroradiological studies. These very practical objectives are meticulously met in this volume. "The book is a reference text and as such could be valuable to the student, researcher and clinician. Neurologists, neurosurgeons, and neuroradiologists will find it invaluable at times. The author is a major authority in the neuroanatomy of brain imaging. "All images are black-and-white and of good quality. Several color-overlays of surface structures are included. There is no index. A brief bibliography is included. "This atlas will be very helpful for more precise neuroradiogical interpretations of brain lesions in clinical practical and in the research setting. A wide spectrum of slice orientations are presented for several brains. A compendium of brain surface variations are also shown. As such this book may serve as a benchmark for interpreting functional neuroimaging studies. Neurologists, neuroradiologists, neurosurgeons, and neuroscientists will find it valuable in everyday practice. It should be purchased by medical libraries and clinicians and neuroscientists with an interest in surface brain anatomy and its variations.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195165616
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 3/24/2005
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 560
  • Product dimensions: 12.00 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Hanna Damasio is Dana Dornsife Professor of Neuroscience and Director of the Dornsife Cognitive Neuroscience Imaging Center at the University of Southern California. She is also an adjunct professor at the Salk Institute in La Jolla, California. Until 2005 she was the Distinguished Professor of Neurology at the University of Iowa College of Medicine, where she directed the Human Neuroanatomy and Neuroimaging Laboratory. Using computerized tomography and magnetic resonance scanning, she developed methods of investigating human brain structure and studied functions such as language, memory, and emotion, using both the lesion method and functional neuroimaging. She is the author of numerous scientific publications and of the award-winning Lesion Analysis in Neuropsychology (Oxford University Press), which has been used worldwide in brain-imaging work. Damasio is a Fellor of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the American Neurological Association. She recently shared the Signoret Prize in cognitive neuroscience with Antonio Damasio for their pioneering work in social cognition. She holds honorary doctorates from the Universities of Lisbon and Aachen.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Exterior description of a dolichocephalic brain
3. Exterior description of a brachicephalic brain
4. Exterior description of a second brachicephalic brain
5. An alphabet of the normal brain
6. Quantifying in neuroanatomical differences (In collaboration with John Allen and Joel Bruss)
7. Sections through the dolichocephalic brain
8. Sections through the first brachicephalic brain
9. Sections through the second brachicephalic brain
10. Applying neuroanatomical knowledge to lesion studies
References

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