Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images / Edition 2

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Prepared by a leading expert in advanced brain-imaging techniques, this unique atlas is a guide to the localization of brain structures that illustrates the wide range of neuroanatomical variation. It is based on the analysis of 29 normal human brains obtained from three-dimensional reconstructions of magnetic resonance scans of living persons. It also provides 177 sections (coronal, axial, and parasagital) of one of those brains so that the same structure presented in a section obtained in one incidence can be identified in the section of another incidence. An additional 209 sections of two other brains with different overall configurations are included at the same incidences, so that readers can become familiar with the variability of standard images prompted by different skull shapes. Forty-six normal brains, segmented into the major lobes, are also included.

The book contains predominantly black-and-white illustrations, with some color illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Jeremy D Schmahmann, MD (Massachusetts General Hospital)
Description: The ability to reliably identify cerebral cortical areas of the human brain in morphometric and functional imaging studies is a major goal of contemporary cognitive neuroscience. To this end, Hanna Damasio's second and fully revised edition of her atlas is an extremely practical guide to the gross morphology of the human brain.
Purpose: This revised atlas identifies cerebral gyri in the cardinal planes used in clinical, morphometric and functional MRI scans, and addresses issues of individual variation between brains and between hemispheres of the same brain. This is a valuable and important tool that further facilitates structure-function and clinical-anatomical correlations in the human brain.
Audience: The book is written for clinicians and researchers involved in the elucidation of structure-function correlations of the human cerebral cortex. Medical students, graduate students, residents, fellows and practitioners in neurology, neuropsychology, cognitive neuroscience, psychiatry, surgery, radiology, and the inter-related disciplines engaged in functional neuroimaging will benefit from access to this careful and detailed analysis written by an authoritative figure in the field.
Features: This meticulous and detailed analysis of human gyral morphology recognizes variations between and within brains. It commences with a comparative gross morphometry of brains from different primates, and then shows that within human brains there is inter-individual variability of even the major fissures. The external features of three brains with different shapes (one dolicocephalic and two brachicephalic) are presented, including Brodmann area equivalents in the dolicephalic brain. This is followed by a demonstration in 26 brains of overt sulcal and gyral variations. The bulk of the book comprises the MRI images of the three different brains sectioned in the axial, coronal and sagittal planes used in clinical and research scans. The gyri are clearly labeled, and the incidence (plane of section) is identified on the lateral and medial views of the hemisphere on every page. It concludes with examples of how the cerebral cortical localization of focal lesions can be accurately identified on MRI using this atlas. What is missing is identification of structures in the cerebellum even though the cerebellar fissures and lobules are clearly identifiable. Clinicians and researchers interested in structure-function correlations of the human cerebellum will need to turn to the MRI Atlas of the Human Cerebellum, by Schmahmann (Academic Press, 2000) for this information.
Assessment: In Dr. Damasio's thoroughly revised second edition of her book, she enhances the understanding of common principles of gross brain organization. It provides users with confidence in their ability to identify focal regions of the cerebral cortex on computerized scans, and leads them through the intricacies of the relationship of gross morphology to Brodmann architecture. This outstanding atlas thus facilitates further detailed exploration of the functional attributes of the cerebral cortical structures so carefully analyzed throughout the work.
Steven U. Brint
This is a new brain atlas that reveals surface anatomy of living human brains using a wide spectrum CT reconstructions in many orientations. This makes it an excellent source for interpreting cortical brain anatomy in routine and experimental neuroradiological studies. "The book will assist clinicians and researchers in precisely interpreting the surface anatomy of the cerebral cortex as seen in conventional neuroradiological studies. These very practical objectives are meticulously met in this volume. "The book is a reference text and as such could be valuable to the student, researcher and clinician. Neurologists, neurosurgeons, and neuroradiologists will find it invaluable at times. The author is a major authority in the neuroanatomy of brain imaging. "All images are black-and-white and of good quality. Several color-overlays of surface structures are included. There is no index. A brief bibliography is included. "This atlas will be very helpful for more precise neuroradiogical interpretations of brain lesions in clinical practical and in the research setting. A wide spectrum of slice orientations are presented for several brains. A compendium of brain surface variations are also shown. As such this book may serve as a benchmark for interpreting functional neuroimaging studies. Neurologists, neuroradiologists, neurosurgeons, and neuroscientists will find it valuable in everyday practice. It should be purchased by medical libraries and clinicians and neuroscientists with an interest in surface brain anatomy and its variations.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195165616
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 3/24/2005
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 560
  • Product dimensions: 12.00 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Hanna Damasio, M.D., is Professor of Neurology at the University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, where she also directs the Laboratory for Human Neuroanatomy and Neuroimaging, and is Adjunct Professor at The Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California.

She is the internationally recognized author of numerous neuropsychological studies, and the developer of several new techniques for the investigation of normal and pathological anatomy using CT, MR, and PET.

Her previous book Lesion Analysis in Neuropsychology, also published by Oxford, was distinguished by the 1989 award for "most outstanding book in Bio- and Medical Sciences" from the Association of American Publishers. In 1992 she and her husband, Antonio R. Damasio, shared the Pessoa Prize, the highest distinction for intellectual achievement from their native Portugal.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
2 Exterior description of a normal dolichocephalic brain 11
3 Exterior description of a brachicephalic brain 31
4 Exterior description of another brachicephalic brain 39
5 An alphabet of normal brains 47
6 Quantifying neuroanatomic differences 77
7 Sections through dolicho 97
8 Sections through brachi-1 293
9 Sections through brachi-2 435
10 Application to lesion studies 515
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