Human Communication Disorders: An Introduction / Edition 8

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Overview

This leading introductory book on communication disorders uses student-friendly content to explore current research, central theories, and the nuts and bolts of clinical therapy.

Updated with the most current research and information, the newly revised eighth edition of Human Communication Disorders continues to cover a broad range of topics including speech and language development, genetics, the biology and physics of communication, and an overview of cultural and linguistic diversity. With an emphasis on evidence-based practice, experts in speech-language pathology and audiology place communication processes and communication disorders in perspective, define basic theories of causation, introduce identifying characteristics, and present an overview of procedures for evaluation and treatment – while at the same time focusing on the real people who both have communication disorders and the real people who study them.

The new eighth edition has been rewritten with a more contemporary, student-friendly approach and style that makes the content more engaging and easier to process.

Discusses bases of human communication/differences & disorders of language, articulation, voice/aphasia/etc.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
New edition of a textbook designed to provide insights into the world of people who have problems with communicating with others. The text introduces students to the professions of speech- language pathology and audiology, provides information about the study and management of communication problems, considers the major categories of speech disorders, and looks at unique physical characteristics that contribute to communication disorders. Appends a list of standards for professional service in the discipline. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780137061334
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 7/27/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 624
  • Sales rank: 389,225
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction: Human Communication Disorders:

A Philosophy and Practice of Science in Service

Noma B. Anderson (Florida International University) and Shelly Chabon (Rockhurst University)

Personal Perspectives

Who Is Served?

What Services Are Provided?

Where Are Services Provided?

When Are Services Provided?

How Are Services Provided?

Service and Science: How? How Fast? How Often? How Much?

Why Serve?

Study Questions

PART ONE

Basic Communication Process

CHAPTER TWO

Development of Communication, Language, and Speech

Robert E. Owens, Jr (State University of New York, Geneseo)

Personal Perspective

Communication

Language

Speech

Summary

Study Questions

CHAPTER THREE

The Biology and Physics of Speech

Ray D. Kent (University of Wisconsin, Madison) and Houri K. Vorperian (University of Wisconsin, Madison)

Personal Perspectives

The Biology of Speech: The Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Production

The Physics of Speech: Speech Acoustics

Summary

Study Questions

CHAPTER FOUR

Multicultural and Multilingual Considerations

Kay T. Payne (Howard University)

Personal Perspective

Basic Concepts Related to Culture and Language

Varieties of American English

Language Differences and Communication Disorders

New Horizons in Multicultural/Multilingual Issues

Summary

Study Questions

Selected Readings

CHAPTER FIVE

Genetics: Basis for Development and Disorders

Lemmietta G. McNeilly (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association)

Personal Perspective

Case Study

Definition of Genetics versus Genomics

Inheritance Patterns

Genetic Testing

Genetic Counseling

Gene Therapy

Genomic Applications

Role of Genetics in Human Development

New Genetics

Human Genome

Human Genetic Variation and Health

Genetics and Communication Disorders

Social and Behavioral Research

Infusion of Genomics into Speech-Language Pathology

Ethical, Legal, and Cultural Implications

Summary

Case Study

Study Questions

Selected Readings

Websites of Interest

PART TWO

Disorders of Speech

CHAPTER SIX

Articulatory and Phonological Disorders

Richard G. Schwartz (The Graduate Center of the City University of New York) and Klara Marton (The Graduate Center of the City University of New York)

Personal Perspectives

Introduction

The nature of phonological disorders

Determinants of phonological disorders

Assessment

Intervention

Summary

Case Study

Study Questions

Selected Readings

Websites of Interest

CHAPTER SEVEN

Stuttering and Other Disorders of Fluency

Peter R. Ramig (University of Colorado at Boulder) and Ryan Pollard (University of Pittsburgh, Emeritus)

Personal Perspectives

Types, Descriptions, and Definitions of Various Disfluency Types

Theories of Causation

Normal Disfluency

The Development of Stuttering

The Assessment Process

Therapy for Stuttering

Prevention

Case Study

Some Final Thoughts by a Prodigy of Stuttering

Summary

Study Questions

Projects

Selected Readings

CHAPTER EIGHT

Voice Disorders

Christine Sapienza (University of Florida) , Douglas M. Hicks (Cleveland Clinic Foundation), and Bari Hoffmann Ruddy (University of Central Florida)

Personal Perspectives

Description of Voice Disorders

Assessment

Defining Pitch, Loudness, Voice Quality, and Resonance

General Classification of Voice Problems

Trauma and Surgical Modification

Examples of Vocal Fold Pathologies

Collecting and Assessing the Data about the Voice

Intervention for Voice Disorders

Speech without a Larynx

Case Study

Prevention

Study Questions

Selected Readings

Websites of Interest

CHAPTER NINE

Cleft Lip and Palate and other Craniofacial Disorders

Ann W. Kummer (University of Cincinnati Medical Center)

Personal Perspective

Case study

Structures of the lip and palate

Cleft lip and palate

Other craniofacial anomalies

Effect of clefts on feeding

Causes of speech disorders secondary to clefts

Normal velopharyngeal function and velopharyngeal dysfunction

Effect of clefts and velopharyngeal dysfunction on speech

Instrumental assessment

Treatment of speech disorders secondary to clefts

Importance of team care

Summary

Study questions

Selected readings and resources

CHAPTER TEN

Neurogenic Disorders of Speech in Children and Adults

Bruce E. Murdoch (The University of Queensland)

Personal Perspective

Definitions

Classification, Causes, and Characteristic Features of Neurogenic Speech Disorders

Assessment of Neurogenic Speech Disorders

Treatment of Acquired Neurogenic Speech Disorders

Treatment of Developmental Neurogenic Speech Disorders

Summary

Case Studies

Study Questions

Selected Readings

Websites of Interest

PART THREE

Disorders of Language

CHAPTER ELEVEN

Developmental Language Impairment during the Preschool Years

Catherine K. Bacon (Arizona State University) and M. Jeanne Wilcox (Arizona State University)

Personal Perspectives

Introduction: Developmental Language Impairment in Infancy and Early Childhood

Nature of Developmental Language Impairment

Factors Underlying Developmental Language Impairment

Identification of Developmental Language Impairment

Approaches to Providing Services To Young Children With Developmental Language Impairment

Summary

Case Studies

Study Questions

Selected Readings

Websites of Interest

CHAPTER TWELVE

Language Disabilities in School-Age Children and Youth

Barbara Culatta (Brigham Young University) and Elisabeth Wiig (Boston University)

Personal Perspectives

Introduction

Nature of School Language

Definition and Identification of Language Impairments

Types of Language Impairments

Assessment and Planning

Language and Literacy Intervention

Summary

Selected Readings

Websites of Interest

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

From Emergent Literacy to Literacy:

Development and Disorders

Froma P. Roth (University of Maryland)

Personal Perspective

Historical Perspective

The Essential Elements of Literacy

Relationship between Oral Language and Literacy

Extrinsic Factors Contributing to Emergent Literacy

Aspects of Emergent Literacy

Children at Risk for Literacy Problems

Prevention, Assessment, and Intervention Processes

Summary

Case Study

Study Questions

Selected Readings

Websites of Interest

CHAPTER FOURTEEN

Aphasia and Related Acquired Language Disorders

Audrey L. Holland (University of Arizona, Emerita)

Personal Perspective

Case Study

Aphasia and the Brain

Syndromes of Aphasia

Mechanisms of Aphasia

Bilingual and Multilingual Aphasia

The Person with Aphasia

The Natural Recovery Process in Aphasia

The Assisted Recovery Process in Aphasia

Related Disorders

Summary

Case Study

Study Questions

Selected Readings

Websites of Interest

DVD’s of Interest

CHAPTER FIFTEEN

Augmentative and Alternative Communication

Kathleen A. Kangas and Lyle L. Lloyd

Personal Perspectives

Potential Users of AAC

Categories of AAC

AAC Model

Reasons for AAC Success

Communicative Competence

Types of Impairments

Assessment

Intervention

Funding and Individual Rights

Outcomes Measurement and Evidence-Based Practice

Case Studies

Summary

Study Questions

Selected Readings

Websites of Interest

PART FOUR

Disorders of Swallowing

CHAPTER SIXTEEN

Swallowing: Process and Disorders

Barbara C. Sonies (University of Maryland and George Washington University)

Personal Perspective

Cultural Competence and Swallowing

Normal Swallowing

Neurology of the Swallow

Swallowing and Normal Aging

Abnormal Swallowing

Diagnosis

Signs and Symptoms

Instrumental Diagnostic Procedures

Evidence-Based Treatment

Compensatory Treatment Procedures

Case Study

PART FIVE

Disorders of Hearing

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN

Hearing and Hearing Disorders

Frederick N. Martin (The University of Texas at Austin) and Bart E. Noble (Austin VA Outpatient Clinic)

Personal Perspectives

Introduction

The nature of sound

Disorders of hearing

Types of hearing loss

Implications of hearing loss

Summary

Case studies

Study questions

Selected readings

CHAPTER EIGHTEEN

Audiologic Rehabilitation

Alice E. Holmes (The University of Florida) and Shawna M. Dell

Personal Perspectives

Introduction

Amplification Devices

Counseling

Assistive Listening Devices

Therapy Approaches for the Hearing Impaired

Outcome Measures

Summary

Case Studies

Suggested Readings

Websites of Interest

Glossary

References

Author Index

Subject Index

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