Human Communication Disorders: An Introduction

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/* 3706L-5, Shames, George H.,Human Communication Disorders: An Introduction, 6e */ The leading introductory book in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, this book contains contributions from leading authorities which bring life to the world of people with communication disorders and excite students about the challenges and rewards of helping them. The book has been recommended as appropriate preparation for the clinical certification examination in Speech Pathology given by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Focuses on
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Overview

/* 3706L-5, Shames, George H.,Human Communication Disorders: An Introduction, 6e */ The leading introductory book in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, this book contains contributions from leading authorities which bring life to the world of people with communication disorders and excite students about the challenges and rewards of helping them. The book has been recommended as appropriate preparation for the clinical certification examination in Speech Pathology given by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Focuses on understanding the underlying nature of communication problems, and thoroughly explains the current theory and research.This book presents the "nuts and bolts" of clinical therapy at the depth of detail students of this subject require.The book covers a broad range of topics, and provides an overview of the discipline - its history, philosophy, ethics, professions, career opportunities, and legal and legislative foundations. The individual chapters are written by recognized experts in the field that the first-generation of authors have selectedto continue the traditions of currency and expertise. Readers and Students interested in the introductory study of Communication Disorders.

Discusses bases of human communication/differences & disorders of language, articulation, voice/aphasia/etc.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
New edition of a textbook designed to provide insights into the world of people who have problems with communicating with others. The text introduces students to the professions of speech- language pathology and audiology, provides information about the study and management of communication problems, considers the major categories of speech disorders, and looks at unique physical characteristics that contribute to communication disorders. Appends a list of standards for professional service in the discipline. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205275113
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
  • Publication date: 4/28/1998
  • Edition description: STUDY GD
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 462

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter One Introduction: Human Communication Disorders: A Philosophy and Practice of Science in Service Shelly Chabon Chabon, Shelly 1

Personal Perspectives 2

Who is Served? 5

What Services Are Provided? 6

Where Are Services Provided? 7

When Are Services Provided? 7

How Are Services Provided? 9

Service and Science: How? How Fast? How Often? How Much? 11

Why Serve? 12

Study Questions 15

PART ONE Basic Communication Process

Chapter Two Development of Communication, Language, and Speech Robert E. Owens, Jr. Owens, Robert E., Jr. 16

Personal Perspective 17

Communication 19

Language 23

Speech 43

Summary 52

Study Questions 53

Selected Readings 53

Chapter Three The Biology and Physics of Speech Houri K. Vorperian Vorperian, Houri K. 54

Personal Perspectives 55

The Biology of Speech: The Anatomy and Physiology of Speech: Production 57

The Physics of Speech: Speech Acoustics 77

Summary 82

Study Questions 83

Chapter Four Multicultural and Multilingual Cosiderations Key T. Payne Payne, Key T. 84

Personal Perspective 85

Basic concepts Related to Culture and Language 86

Varieties of American English 91

Language Differences and Communication Disorders 95

New Horizons in Multicultural/Mutilingual Issues 107

Summary 108

Studay Questions 109

Selected Readings 109

Chapter Five Genetics: Basis for Development and Disorders Lemmietta G. McNeilly McNeilly, Lemmietta G. 110

Personal Perspective 111

Case Study 112

Definition of Genetics versus Genomics 114

Inheritance Patterns 116

Genetic Testing 118

Genetic Counseling 121

Gene Therapy 121

Genotic Applications 122

Role of Genetics in Human Development 122

New Genetics 123

Human Genome 123

Human Genetic Variation and Health 125

Genetics and Communication Disorders 125

Social and Hehavioral Research 126

Infusion of Genomics into Speech-Language Pathology 126

Ethical, Legal, and Cultural Implications 128

Summary 129

Case Study 130

Study Questions 131

Selected Readings 131

Websites of Interest 131

PART TWO Disorders of Speech

Chapter Six Articulatory and phnological disorders Klara Marton Marton, Klara 132

Personal Perspective 133

Introduction 135

The Nature of Phonological Disorders 137

Determinants of Phonological Disorders 140

Assessment 145

Intervetions 156

Summary 161

Case Study 161

Study Questions 163

Selected Readings 163

Websites of Interest 163

Chapter Seven Stuttering and Other Disorders of Fluency Ryan Pollard Pollard, Ryan 164

Personal Perspectives 165

Types, Descriptions, and Definitions of Various Disfluency Types 169

Theories of Causation 176

Normal Disfluency 182

The Development of Stuttering 183

The Assessment Process 185

Therapy for Stuttering 189

Prevention 196

Case Study 197

Some Final Thoughts by a Prodigy of Stuttering 198

Summary 199

Study Questions 201

Projects 201

Selected Readings 201

Chapter Eight Voice Disorders Bari Hoffman Ruddy Ruddy, Bari Hoffman 202

Personal Perspective 203

Description of Voice Disorders 206

Assessment 207

Defining Pitch, Loundness, Voice Quality, and Resonance 210

General Classification of Voice Problems 212

Trauma and Surgical Modification 214

Examples of Vocal Fold Pathologies 215

Collecting and Assessig the data About the Voice 221

Intervention for Voice Disorders 222

Speech Without a Larynx 230

Case Study 234

Prevention 236

Study Questions 236

Selected Readings 236

Websites of Interest 237

Chapter Nine Cleft Lip and Palate and Other Craniofacial Disorders Ann W. Kummer Kummer, Ann W. 238

Personal Perspective 239

Case study 240

Structures of the Lip and Palate 241

Cleft Lip and Palate 243

Other Craniofacial Anomalies 246

Effect of Clefts on Feeding 250

Causes of Speech Disorders Secondary to Clefts 251

Normal Velopharyngeal Function and Velopharyngeal Dysfunction 254

Effect of Clefts and Velopharyngeal Dysfunction on Speech 257

Instrumental Assessment 262

Treatment of Speech Disorders Secondary to Clefts 266

Importance of Team Care 270

Summary 271

Study Questions 271

Selected Readings and Resources 271

Chapter Ten Neurogenic Disorders of Speech in Children and Adults Burce E. Murdoch Murdoch, Burce E. 272

Personal Perspective 273

Definitions 274

Classification, Clauses, and Characteristic Features of Neurogenic Speech Disorders 275

Assessment of Neurogenic Speech Disorders 288

Treatment of Acquired Neurogenic Speech Disorders 292

Treatment of Developmental Neurogenic Speech Disorders 297

Summary 299

Case Studies 300

Study Questions 303

Selected Readings 303

Websites of Interest 304

PART THREE Disorders of Language

Chapter Eleven Developmental Language Impairment During the Preschool Years M. Jeanne Wilcox Wilcox, M. Jeanne 305

Personal Perspective 306

Introduction: Developmental Language Impairment in Infancy and Early Childhood 308

Nature of Developmental Language Impairment 308

Factors Underlying Developmental Language Impairment 312

Identification of Developmental Language Impairment 320

Approaches to Providing Services to Young Children with Developmental Language Impairment 324

Summary 327

Case Studies 327

Study Questions 329

Selected Readings 329

Websites of Interest 330

Chapter Twelve Language Disabilities in School-Age Children and Youth Elisabeth Wiig Wiig, Elisabeth 331

Personal Perspectives 332

Introduction 333

Nature of School Language 333

Definition and Identification of Language Impairments 338

Types of Language Impairments 341

Assessment and Planning 350

Language and Literacy Intervention 352

Summary 359

Study Questions 360

Selected Readings 360

Websites of Interest 360

Chapter Thirteen From Emergent Literacy to Literacy: Development and Disorders Froma P. Roth Roth, Froma P. 361

Personal Perspective 362

The Essential Elements of Literacy 363

Relationship Between Oral Language and Literacy 363

Extrinsic Factors Contributing to Emergent Literacy 364

Aspects of Emergent Literacy 367

Children at Risk for Literacy Problems 372

Prevention, Assessment, and Intervention Processes 373

Summary 377

Case Study 378

Study Questions 379

Selected Readings 379

Websites of Interest 379

Chapter Fourteen Aphasia and Related Acquired Language Disorders Audrey L. Holland Holland, Audrey L. 380

Personal Perspective 381

Case Study 382

Aphasia and the Brain 384

Syndromes of Aphasia 388

Mechanisms of Aphasia 392

Bilingual and Multilingual Aphasia 393

The Person with Aphasia 394

The Natural Recovery Process in Aphasia 395

The Assisted Recovery Process in Aphasia 396

Related Disorders 400

Summary 404

Case Study 404

Study Questions 405

Selected Readings 405

Websites of Interest 405

DVDs of Interest 405

Chapter Fifteen Augmentative and Alternative Communication Lyle L. Lloyd Lloyd, Lyle L. 406

Personal Perspectives 407

Potential Users of AAC 409

Categories of AAC 409

AAC Model 410

Reasons for AAC Success 421

Communicative Competence 422

Types of Impairments 423

Assessment 428

Intervention 430

Funding and Individual Rights 433

Outcomes Measurement and Evidence-Based Practice 434

Case Studies 436

Summary 438

Study Questions 438

Selected Readings 439

Websites of Interest 439

PART FOUR Disorders of Swallowing

Chapter Sixteen Swallowing: Process and Disorders Barbara C. Sonies Sonies, Barbara C. 440

Personal Perspective 441

Cultural Competence and Swallowing 442

Normal Swallowing 442

Neurology of the Swallow 447

Swallowing and Normal Aging 449

Abnormal Swallowing 452

Diagnosis 458

Signs and Symptoms 460

Instrumental Diagnostic Procedures 461

Evidence-Based Treatment 463

Compensatory Treatment Procedures 463

Case Study 467

Selected Readings 468

PART FIVE Disorders of Hearing

Chapter Seventeen Hearing and Hearing Disorders Bart E. Noble Noble, Bart E. 469

Personal Perspectives 470

The Nature of Sound 472

Disorders of Hearing 475

The Measurement of Hearing 484

Types of Hearing Loss 491

Implications of Hearing Loss 494

Summary 497

Case Studies 497

Study Questions 500

Selected Readings 500

Chapter Eighteen Audiologic Rehabilitation Shawna M. Dell Dell, Shawna M. 501

Personal Perspectives 502

Introduction 504

Amplification Devices 504

Counseling 509

Assistive Listening Devices 510

Therapy Approaches for Persons with Hearing Impairment 513

Outcome Measures 520

Summary 523

Case Studies 523

Study Questions 524

Selected Readings 524

Websites of Interest 524

Glossary 525

References 536

Author Index 575

Subject Index 585

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