Human Development Across the Lifespan / Edition 7

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Overview

All of the lifespan without all of the bells and whistles. This chronologically-organized text is less expensive and briefer than most Lifespan texts. Its numerous examples drawn from education, nursing, and psychology make the content relevant to students from a variety of majors and backgrounds, while a highly praised study guide integrated into the text promotes and reinforces conceptual understanding.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
This text covers nine major periods of human development from pregnancy and birth to late adulthood, with attention paid to physical, cognitive, and psychosocial development at each stage. Vignettes, outlines, list of objectives, view boxes, and chapter highlights are used liberally throughout the text for emphasis and clarification. Some color photographs. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780073382654
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 4/7/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 608
  • Sales rank: 443,492
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. John Dacey teaches courses in adolescent and adult development at Boston College and has a small practice as a psychotherapist. He is the author of 13 books on the subjects of anxiety, creativity and human development, including Your Anxious Child and The Safe Child Handbook. He has received public service awards from Newton, Peabody and Roxbury, MA.

John F. Travers is a Professor of Child Psychology at Boston College. He is the author of about 30 articles and the following books: The Growing Child, 2/e, Learning, 2/e, Human Development Across the Lifespan, 7/e, The First Six Years, Educational Psychology, 3/e, Growth and Development Through the Lifespan, 2/e, Children's Literature: A Developmental Perspective

Lisa B. Fiore, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor and Director of Early Childhood Education at Lesley University. She primarily teaches graduate students preparing to be early childhood and elementary educators, but also enjoys working with in-service teachers around professional development. Recent interests include the use of documentation to extend and enhance learning environments, and the use of rich media in classroom teaching. The mother of two young children, she is reminded daily of the competence and curiosity of young people, and how much grown-ups have to learn about the way things work. She has written several books, the most recent The Safe Child Handbook with co-author John Dacey.

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Part 1 Introduction

Chapter 1

An Example of Development Through The Lifespan

Barack Obama – The Promise of Development

Thinking About Lifespan Development

Why Study The Lifespan?
What Is Development?

Changing Views of the Lifespan

Children Through The Years
Adolescence: A Time of Storm, Stress, or Calm?
The Adult Years

The Importance of Biopsychosocial Interactions

Understanding Children’s Cultures
Contributors to Biopsychosocial Interactions

Issues in Lifespan Development

Continuity versus Discontinuity
Nature vs. Nurture

Developmental Research

Data Collection Techniques
Time Variable Designs

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Chapter 2

The Psychoanalytic Tradition

Structures of the Mind
The Developing Personality

Psychosocial Crises and Development

Erikson’s Eight Psychosocial Stages

The Cognitive Developmental Approach

Jean Piaget’s Theory

The Cultural Framework Approach

Lev Vygotsky’s Theory
The Zone of Proximal Development

The Behavioral Approach

Skinner and Operant Conditioning
Bandura and Social Cognitive Learning

A Bioecological Model

Bronfenbrenner’s System Analysis

Developmental Theory: Current Status, Future Direction

Interactions Among Levels of Development
Developmental Systems Theory

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Part 2 Beginnings

Chapter 3

The Fertilization Process

The Beginnings
The Menstrual Cycle

Infertility

Causes of Infertility
Assisted Reproduction Techniques
Adoption

Heredity at Work

Chromosomes and Genes
DNA: Structure and Function
How Traits Are Transmitted
Hereditary Disorders

The Human Genome Project

How The Human Genome Project Began
Ethical, Legal, and, Social Implications

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Chapter 4

The Prenatal World

The Germinal Period
The Embryonic Period
The Fetal Period

Influences on Prenatal Development

Maternal Influences
Teratogens
Diagnosing Fetal Problems

The Birth Process

Stages in the Birth Process
Birth Complications
The Special Case of Prematurity

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Part 3 Infancy

Chapter 5

Physical Development In Infancy

Development Milestones of Infancy
Brain Development
Neonatal Reflexes
Newborn Abilities
Neonatal Assessment Techniques
Motor Development
Neonatal Problems

Perceptual Development

The Meaning of Perception
Visual Perception
Auditory Perception

Cognitive Development

Piaget’s Sensorimotor Period
Criticisms of Piaget
Information Processing in Infancy

Language Development

Acquiring Their Language
Key Signs of Language Development

Conclusion & Summary

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Chapter 6

The Meaning of Relationships

Characteristics of the Developing Relationship
How Do Children Develop Relationships?
The Role of Reciprocal Interactions
Parental Roles: Expectations For a Relationship

Attachment

Bowlby’s Work
Attachment Research
New Directions in Attachment Research
Fathers and Attachment

Temperament

The Origins of Temperament
Goodness of Fit
Sensitive Responsiveness

Early Emotional Development

Emotions and Emotional Development
Signs of Emotional Development
Analyzing Emotional Expression

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Part 4 Early Childhood

Chapter 7

Physical and Motor Development

Features of Physical Development
Continuing Brain Development
Boys’ and Girls’ Brains
Influences on Physical Development in Early Childhood
Growing Motor Skills

Cognitive Development

Piaget’s Preoperational Period
Information Processing Theory
Children’s Theory of Mind

Early Childhood Education

Piaget and Montessori
Project Head Start

Language Development

Language as Rule Learning
The Pattern of Language Development
Bilingualism

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Chapter 8

The Family in Development

A Changing View of the Family
Parents and Their Children
Siblings and Development
Children of Divorce
Day Care

The Self Emerges

The Development of Self
Changes in the Developing Self

The Role of Gender in Development

Definition of Terms
Theories of Gender Development
cquiring Gender Identity
Gender Stereotyping

The Importance of Play

The Meaning of Play
Developmental Aspects of Play

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Part 5 Middle Childhood

Chapter 9

Physical Development

Brain Development During the Middle Childhood Years
Nutrition
Children Who Are Exceptional

Cognitive Development

Piaget and Concrete Operations
New Ways of Looking at Intelligence

Thinking and Problem Solving

Children and Thinking Skills
Problem-Solving Strategies
The DUPE Model

Moral Development

The Path of Moral Development
Piaget’s Explanation
Kohlberg’s Theory
Gilligan’s In a Different Voice

Language Development

Changes in Usage
Children and Their Books
The Issue of Literacy

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Chapter 10

The Changing Sense of Self

The Developing Self-Concept
Self-Esteem and Competence
Children and Self-Regulation

The Influence of Peers

Children’s Friendships
Peers in Middle Childhood

Schools and Middle Childhood

Are Schools Really That Important?
Do Teachers Make a Difference?
Schools and Development

Television and Development

Television and Cognitive Development
Television and Violence

Stress in Childhood

Types of Stress
Why Children React Differently to Stress
Abused Children
The Special Case of Sexual Abuse
Resilient Children

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Part 6 Adolescence

Chapter 11

Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence

How Should We Define Adolescence?

Theories of Adolescence

Anna Freud’s Psychological Theory
Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory
John Hill’s Biopsychosocial Theory

Physical Development

Your Reproductive System
When Does Puberty Start?
The Secular Trend
Body Image and Eating Disorders
The Role of Stress

Cognitive Development

Variables in Cognitive Development: Piaget
Emotions and Brain Development
Adolescent Egocentrism
Critical Thinking
Creative Thinking
Mental Health Issues

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Chapter 12

Psychosocial Development in Adolescence

Changing American Families and Their Roles in Adolescent Life

The Loss of Functions
The Effects of Divorce
The Nurturing Parent

Peer Relations

Developmental Patterns of Peer Groups
Functions of Peer Groups

Sexual Behavior

Stages of Sexuality
Autosexual Behavior
Homosexual Behavior
Heterosexual Behavior

Sexually Transmitted Infections

AIDS
Other Sexually Transmitted Infections

The Teenage Parent

Illegal Behavior

Substance Abuse
Criminal Behavior

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Part 7 Early Adulthood

Chapter 13

Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood

Initiation into Adulthood

The Transition to Adulthood in the United States
Implications of the Lack of an Initiation Ceremony

Physical Development

The Peak Is Reached
Organ Reserve
The Effect of Lifestyle on Health

Cognitive Development

Intellectual/Ethical Development
“Women’s Ways of Knowing”

Patterns of Work

The Phenomenon of the Dual-Career Family
Home-Based Work

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Chapter 14 Psychosocial Development in Early Adulthood

Marriage and the Family

Changing American Marriages and Families
Types of Marriage

Personal Development

The Adult Life Cycle: Levinson
Seasons of a Man’s Life: Levinson
Intimacy versus Isolation: Erikson

Sexual Identity and Gender Roles

Aspects of Gender Role
The Traditionalist View
Evolutionary Psychology
Androgyny
Male versus Female Identity

Interpersonal Relations

Sexuality
Marital Practices
Forms and Factors of Love: Sternberg
Validation: Fromm

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Part 8 Middle Adulthood

Chapter 15

Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood

Physical Development

Health
Muscular Ability
Sensory Abilities
The Climacteric

Cognitive Development

Intelligence
New Views of Intelligence
The Development of Creativity
Learning Ability

Patterns of Work

Special Challenges for the Working Woman
The Midcareer Crisis
Some Suggestions for Dealing with the Midcareer Crisis

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Chapter 16

Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood

Dealing with the Stresses of Adulthood

The General Adaptation Syndrome
Risk and Resilience

Marriage and Family Relations

Marriage at Middle Age
Relationships with Aging Parents
Relationships with Siblings
Friendships
The Middle-Aged Divorced Person

Sex and Love in Middle Adulthood

Personality Development: Continuous or Changing?

Continuity versus Change
Seasons of a Man’s Life: Levinson
Seasons of a Woman’s Life: Levinson
Gender Splitting
Generativity versus Stagnation: Erikson
Continuous Traits Theory

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Part 9 Late Adulthood

Chapter 17

Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood

Must We Age and Die?

Physiological Theories of Aging
Genetic Theories of Aging
Effects of the Natural Environment on Aging
Other Modifiers of Aging

Physical Development

Reaction Time
Sensory Abilities
Other Body Systems
Health
Appearance

Cognitive Development

Cognitive Ability in the Elderly: Tests versus Observations
Creativity
Wisdom

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Chapter 18

Psychosocial Development in Late Adulthood

Social Development

Gender Roles
Sexuality
The Elderly and Their Families

The Older Worker

Performance
Retirement

Personal Development

The Committee on Human Development
Erikson

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

Chapter 19

Dying and Spirituality

The Role of Death in Life

What Is Death?
The Leading Causes of Death in the United States
Four Types of Death
The Legal Definition of Death

Dealing Successfully with the Death of Others

Grief Work
Pathological Grieving
The Role of Grief
The Role of the Funeral

Dealing Successfully with One’s Own Death

Suicide: The Rejection of Life
The Overall Picture
The Influence of Gender on Suicide
“Successful” Dying
Death with Dignity
The Hospice: “A Better Way of Dying”

Spirituality

Religious Participation
Frankl’s Theory of Spirituality
Jung’s Theory of Spirituality
Wilson’s Theory of Spirituality
Fowler’s Theory of Spirituality

Conclusion

Key Terms

What Do You Think?

Chapter Review Test

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