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The book contains color illustrations.
|1||Perspectives, Processes, and Research Methods||3|
|2||Theories of Human Development: An Introduction||39|
|3||Heredity and Environment||75|
|4||Prenatal Development and Childbirth||105|
|5||Physical Development in Infancy||147|
|6||Cognitive and Language Development in Infancy||181|
|7||Psychosocial Development in Infancy||213|
|8||Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood||253|
|9||Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood||293|
|10||Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood||331|
|11||Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood||365|
|12||Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence||403|
|13||Psychosocial Development in Adolescence||433|
|14||Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood||471|
|15||Early Adulthood: Psychosocial Development||505|
|16||Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood||545|
|17||Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood||573|
|18||Physical and Cognitive Development in Later Adulthood||607|
|19||Psychosocial Development in Later Adulthood||637|
|20||Death and Dying||665|
|Global Snapshot: Young & Old: Blessing or Burden to the Total Society|
In this edition of Human Development, I continue to be joined by Don Baucum, an experimental psychologist with clinical training, who draws on his own observations, his eclectic teaching experience, and an engaging writing style to help breathe life and voice into the narrative. We discovered in writing the previous edition that his expertise and mine as an applied developmental psychologist also with extensive teaching experience augment each other well, so Don is now my full co-author. Together, we attempt to provide a sound, often thought-provoking survey of contemporary developmental research and theory as well as applications to everyday life. Because this field is so broad, challenging, open-ended, and controversial, ample opportunities are included for students to consider a wide variety of perspectives and kinds of evidence. Students are encouraged to weigh the evidence against personal experience, and to develop an informed, critical perspective on how we come to be who and what we are as human beings and what each of us can expect in our years to come.
Today's college students are more diverse than ever. A given classroom may have across-section of students who vary widely in age, ethnicity, personal experiences, and outlook. Today's students also vary in academic background, degree of exposure to the social sciences in particular, and career interests. Each of these factors, and more, create "filters" through which each individual perceives human development and life in general. Many students of human development will pursue a future in fields related to human service, including social work, education, nursing, counseling, various areas of psychology, and program administration. Some are already parents, many will become parents in the future; considerable practical advice about parenting is also included for this reason.
We believe that most students by far have a unique and potentially irresistible curiosity about how childhood, adolescence, and adulthood work. This text encourages that curiosity through its emphasis on diversity. Human Development presents people as they are in the context of culture and subculture, both within the United States and beyond. Rather than generalize from any one group of people, it makes a special effort to explain how developmental phenomena apply or relate to a wide range of peoples. The contemporary case studies and research efforts incorporated in the text reflect this variety. Hopefully, students will find themselves in the pages of this text, regardless of background, and yet at the same time escape the confines of ethnocentrism.
In the field of human development there is always the question of whether to organize developmental research and theory by topical chapters, such as bio-, logical, cognitive, language, social, and personality development, or to present child and adult development as it happens chronologically, emphasizing the holistic interrelationships. Human Development takes the latter approach and presents child and adult development primarily in chapters devoted to each of the traditional age divisions: the prenatal period, infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, and young, middle, and older adulthood. The text opens with two chapters on perspectives on human development and its study, one on the interaction of heredity and environment, and one on prenatal development, and closes with one on death and dying. In between, each age range includes two chapters: one on physical and cognitive development, one on personality and sociocultural development. Given these necessary divisions, we remain alert throughout to the crucial importance of the complex interplay of the many different facets of development through which a whole person emerges.
Throughout this text, we have woven cultural diversity and personal relevance into the ongoing narrative. Special boxed features extend this emphasis. A Matter for Debate explores controversies about human development and encourages thought and discussion. In Theory, In Fact focuses on popular concepts about development that are sometimes supported by research and sometimes not. Finally, A Closer Look examines important contemporary issues in development.
Within each chapter, the opener is a Chapter Preview that poses questions intended to stimulate interest in the main topics to be considered. Each major section of the chapter is followed by a brief Content Check, with True-False questions and a Thinking Critically question; answers and additional questions are provided on the Companion Website discussed below. Throughout, to enhance understanding, Tables present information such as brief summaries of contrasting views, additional terms, and current statistical data; Figures illustrate discussions of complex topics, research materials, and the like, and also present current statistical data in graphical form. The chapter then closes with a Chapter Revisited, which summarizes the main topics and issues while requiring that the reader return to the chapter for definitions and the like, followed by Key Terms listed in the order in which they appear in the chapter. Key terms are defined in the margins near where they appear; they are also collected in the comprehensive Glossary.
Instructor's Resource Manual with Test Item File: Created by Carolyn Meyer of Lake-Sumter Community College, this extensive resource contains chapter outlines, lecture topics, classroom activities, a list of videos available from outside sources and handouts. The Test Item File includes over 1,500 questions in multiple choice, fill-in, short answer and essay formats that test for factual, applied and conceptual understanding of the material presented in each chapter.
Prentice Hall Test Manager: One of the most popular test-generating software programs on the market, Test Manager is available in Windows and Macintosh formats and contains a Gradebook, Online Network Testing and many tools to help you edit and create tests. This program comes with full technical support and telephone "request-a-test" service.
Prentice Hall Color Overhead Transparencies for Human Development: Available in acetate form, or as downloads from our Companion Website, these transparencies add visual appeal to your lectures.
Human Development, Ninth Edition Companion Website at www prenhall.com/craig: Written by Don Baucum, this online study guide allows students to review each chapter's material, take practice tests that provide immediate feedback, and link to chapter specific web resources to research topics for course projects. Each chapter includes Objectives, Multiple Choice Questions, True-False Questions, Fill-In-The-Blanks Questions, Essays, Web Destinations, and Answers to each chapter's Content Checks.
ContentSelect Research Database: Prentice Hall and EBSCO, the world leader in online journal subscription management, have developed a customized research database for students of psychology. This database provides access to the text of many popular periodicals and peer-reviewed psychology publications. For more information about ContentSelect, contact your local Prentice Hall representative.
Online Course Management: For professors interested in using the Internet and online course management in their courses, Prentice Hall offers fully customizable online courses in WebCT, B1ackBoard and Pearson's Course Compass powered by B1ackBoard. Contact your local Prentice Hall Representative or visit www.prenhall.com/demo for more information
Study Guide: Written by Carolyn Meyer of Lake-Sumter Community College, this student workbook helps students master the core concepts in each chapter. Every chapter includes a Chapter Outline, Key Terms and Concepts, Key Names, a Pre-test, a Programmed Review, a Posttest, Essay Questions, and an Answer Key.
Psychology on the Internet: Evaluating Online Resources: This "hands-on" Internet tutorial features Web sites related to psychology and general information about using the Internet for research. This supplement is available FREE when packaged with the text and helps students capitalize on all the resources that the World Wide Web has to offer.
The supplementary textbooks are available in specially discounted packages with the textbook or as stand-alone supplements:
Human Development in Multicultural Contexts: A Book of Readings by Michele A. Paludi: Designed to be used with a text on Human Development, this collection of readings demonstrates how culture affects development across the lifespan. Each section begins with an introduction and is followed by readings carefully selected and excerpted with the undergraduate in mind.
As was true of previous editions, the ninth edition of Human Development reflects the contributions of many individuals, beginning with people of all ages that Don and I have met in classrooms, clinical encounters, and interviews; students and research assistants; colleagues, teachers, and mentors; family members and friends. Many of their experiences, ideas, and insights are reflected in this text.
I specifically would like to thank reviewers who read various earlier editions of this text and helped in improving them: Dorothy J. Shedlock, State University of New York, Oswego; Bradley J. Caskey, University of Wisconsin, River Falls; John S. Klein, Castleton State University, Frank R. Asbury, Valdosta State University; Rick Caulfield, University of Hawaii at Manoa; Sander M. Latts, University of Minnesota; Pamela Manners, Troy State University; and Jack Thomas, Harding University.
I would also like to thank the reviewers who read the eighth edition and made helpful suggestions for the ninth edition, many of which are incorporated and constitute distinct improvements. Special thanks also go to our primary researcher, Albertina Navarro-Rios, for her steadfast and conscientious search for basic and applied research. She was consistently juggling several topics at once to keep pace with a demanding schedule. Thanks in no small part to her diligence, together with her insight and thoughtful suggestions, this edition strongly reflects the newer research trends and the contemporary topics of debate.
At Prentice Hall, I would like to thank our principal editor, Jennifer Gilliland, who led the general planning and maintained faith in the final product. Our development editor, Marilyn Miller, performed minor miracles in the early stages of this edition, working with Don on forging a new, more accessible reading style. Her ideas, sense of humor, suggestions, and careful editing got this project off the ground and flowing. Our production editor, Bruce Hobart, deserves special thanks for his long hours of coordinating, juggling, and managing manuscript, artwork, photos, and page proofs, and keeping us all on schedule. For the attractive and student-friendly design and appearance of the text I am grateful to Laura Gardner and Ximena Tamvakopoulos, who created and managed the design, and Terry Stratford, who researched the photos. Finally, Fran Russello deserves special credit for untangling problems, smoothing rough spots, and pulling together the final stages of this project.