Human Impacts on Salt Marshes: A Global Perspective / Edition 1

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Salt marshes are vitally important coastal ecosystems that filter water, buffer against storm erosion, and provide essential nursery habitat for important fishery species. Long thought to be resistant to ecological perturbations, salt marshes are now known to be highly sensitive indicators of environmental change and impacts. This state-of-the-science volume details how humans have modified salt marshes around the world and why these critical habitats desperately need protection. It also offers clear recommendations about what should be done to remediate current threats and restore the structure and function of salt marsh ecosystems.

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Editorial Reviews

Marine Ecology - Michael Stachowitsch
“A summary and synthesis of relevant recent research on and management recommendations for yet another vital, sensitive and endangered habitat.”
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780520258921
  • Publisher: University of California Press
  • Publication date: 6/3/2009
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 432
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Brian R. Silliman is Assistant Professor of Zoology at the University of Florida. Mark D. Bertness is Robert P. Brown Professor of Biology at Brown University. Edwin Grosholz is Professor and Alexander and Elizabeth Swantz Specialist in Cooperative Extension at the University of California, Davis.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction: Are Salt Marshes at Risk? xi

Part I Invasions in North American Salt Marshes

1 Spartina Introductions and Consequences in Salt Marshes: Arrive, Survive, Thrive, and Sometimes Hybridize D. R. Strong D. R. Ayres 3

2 Changes in Community Structure and Ecosystem Function Following Spartina Alterniflora Invasion of Pacific Estuaries Edwin D. Grosholz Lisa A. Levin Anna C. Tyler Carlos Neira 23

3 Invasive Animals in Marshes: Biological Agents of Change James E. Byers 41

4 Phragmites Australis in Eastern North America: A Historical and Ecological Perspective Laura A. Meyerson Kristin Saltonstall Randolph M. Chambers 57

Part II Human Inputs and Consumer Effects

5 Opportunistic Herbivores, Migratory Connectivity, and Catastrophic Shifts in Arctic Coastal Systems Hugh A. L. Henry Robert L. Jefferies 85

6 Top-Down Control and Human Intensification of Consumer Pressure in Southern U.S. Salt Marshes Brian R. Silliman Mark D. Bertness Mads S. Thomsen 103

7 Alligator Hunters, Pelt Traders, and Runway Consumption of Gulf Coast Marshes: A Trophic Cascade Perspective on Coastal Wetland Losses Paul A. Keddy Laura Gough J. Andy Nyman Tiffany McFalls Jacoby Carter Jack Siegrist 115

Part III Land Use and Climate Change

8 Shoreline Development and the Future of New England Salt Marsh Landscapes Mark D. Bertness Brian R. Silliman Christine Holdredge 137

9 Tidal Restrictions and Mosquito Ditching in New England Marshes: Case Studies of the Biotic Evidence, Physical Extent, and Potential for Restoration of Altered Tidal Hydrology Caitlin Mullan Crain Keryn Bromberg Gedan Michele Dionne 149

10 Impacts of Global Climate Change andSea-Level Rise on Tidal Wetlands J. Court Stevenson Michael S. Kearney 171

11 Potential Impacts of Elevated CO2 on Plant Interactions, Sustained Growth, and Carbon Cycling in Salt Marsh Ecosystems Jordan R. Mayor Caitlin E. Hicks 207

Part IV Die-off, Loss, and Conservation

12 From Climate Change to Snails: Potential Causes of Salt Marsh Dieback Along the U.S. Eastern Seaboard and Gulf Coasts David T. Osgood Brian R. Silliman 231

13 Patterns of Salt Marsh Loss Within Coastal Regions of North America: Presettlement to Present Keryn Bromberg Gedan Brian R. Silliman 253

14 The Use of Science in the Restoration of Northeastern U.S. Salt Marshes John Teal Susan Peterson 267

15 Conserving the Diverse Marshes of the Pacific Coast J. C. Callaway J. B. Zedler 285

Part V International Perspectives

16 Human Modification of European Salt Marshes A. J. Davy J. P. Bakker M. E. Figueroa 311

17 Human Impacts and Threats to the Conservation of South American Salt Marshes Cesar S. B. Costa Oscar O. Iribarne Jose M. Farina 337

18 Anthropogenic Threats to Australasian Coastal Salt Marshes Mads S. Thomsen Paul Adam Brian R. Silliman 361

Conclusion: Salt Marshes under Global Siege 391

Contributors 399

Index 401

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