Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science

Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science

by Keith Stenning, Michiel van van Lambalgen
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262517590

ISBN-13: 9780262517591

Pub. Date: 01/31/2012

Publisher: MIT Press

In Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science, Keith
Stenning and Michiel van Lambalgen--a cognitive scientist and a logician--argue for the indispensability of modern mathematical logic to the study of human reasoning.
Logic and cognition were once closely connected, they write, but were
"divorced" in the past century; the psychology of deduction

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Overview

In Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science, Keith
Stenning and Michiel van Lambalgen--a cognitive scientist and a logician--argue for the indispensability of modern mathematical logic to the study of human reasoning.
Logic and cognition were once closely connected, they write, but were
"divorced" in the past century; the psychology of deduction went from being central to the cognitive revolution to being the subject of widespread skepticism about whether human reasoning really happens outside the academy.
Stenning and van Lambalgen argue that logic and reasoning have been separated because of a series of unwarranted assumptions about logic. Stenning and van
Lambalgen contend that psychology cannot ignore processes of interpretation in which people, wittingly or unwittingly, frame problems for subsequent reasoning. The authors employ a neurally implementable defeasible logic for modeling part of this framing process, and show how it can be used to guide the design of experiments and interpret results.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262517591
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
01/31/2012
Pages:
424
Product dimensions:
6.70(w) x 8.60(h) x 0.80(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

I Groundwork 1

1 Introduction: Logic and Psychology 3

2 The Anatomy of Logic 19

3 A Little Logic Goes a Long Way 43

4 From Logic via Exploration to Controlled Experiment 93

5 From the Laboratory to the Wild and Back Again 117

6 The Origin of Human Reasoning Capacities 139

II Modeling 173

7 Planning and Reasoning: The Suppression Task 177

8 Implementing Reasoning in Neural Networks 217

9 Coping with Nonmonotonicity in Autism 241

10 Syllogisms and Beyond 297

III Is Psychology Hard or Impossible? 343

11 Rationality Revisited 347

Bibliography 367

Citation Index 391

General Index 397

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