Human Rights and International Political Economy in Third World Nations: Multinational Corporations, Foreign Aid, and Repression

Human Rights and International Political Economy in Third World Nations: Multinational Corporations, Foreign Aid, and Repression

by William Meyer
     
 

ISBN-10: 0275962806

ISBN-13: 9780275962807

Pub. Date: 08/20/1998

Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated

What impact do international economic inputs have on human rights in Third World nations? William Meyer explores the effects of direct investment by U.S. multinational corporations, economic and military aid, and MNC manufacturing plants. He examines the international political economy of human rights at both the national and the international levels. Case studies

Overview

What impact do international economic inputs have on human rights in Third World nations? William Meyer explores the effects of direct investment by U.S. multinational corporations, economic and military aid, and MNC manufacturing plants. He examines the international political economy of human rights at both the national and the international levels. Case studies are combined with quantitative studies that use aggregate cross-national data, and theories that link MNCs to human rights are subjected to empirical testing.

As Meyer illustrates, at the national level, human rights violations are associated with U.S. MNCs in Chile, Honduras, India, Indonesia, and Mexico. MNCs have been especially guilty of violating labor rights, particularly through their reliance on sweatshops. MNCs have also been responsible for widespread pollution and environmental degradation. At a broader international level, increased investment by MNCs tends to go along with human rights improvements in the Third World as a whole. Meyer shows that there is a broad positive relationship between direct investment by MNCs and broader political rights and improved living standards. Aggregate data are also analyzed for human rights as compared to U.S. economic and military aid. Economic aid is found to be associated with improved civil-political rights and improved socioeconomic rights. Military aid, by contrast, is associated with declining levels of civil rights and with lower levels of social welfare. This book will serve as an important study for researchers, activists, and students of human rights.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780275962807
Publisher:
ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
08/20/1998
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
264
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.55(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction

Universal Human Rights in a Cross-Cultural Context

Foreign Policy and Human Rights

Human Rights and Multinational Corporations: Investing in Repression?

Human Rights and Foreign Aid

Case Studies of Multinational Corporations and Human Rights

Conclusion

Selected Bibliography

Index

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