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Human Services in Contemporary America / Edition 7

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Overview

This book's multidisciplinary approach to the field of human services gives students an overview of the helping field, of the programs available and the practical skills workers can employ. This provocative text also provides readers with a realistic understanding of how the recent dramatic shifts in social, economic, and political thinking have radically changed the climate in which human services workers operate.
Based on the authors' belief that a humanistic perspective combined with a realistic awareness of pressing social problems provides the best foundation for creative and effective helping, the book provides a comprehensive survey of what the human services field has become, what it takes to be a human services worker, and what future pressures the evolving societal realities are likely to place on programs and workers in the field.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Gives a realistic and multidisciplinary understanding of the helping professions, looking at the many roles of human services, people who seek help, and programs available to those in need. There is a strong focus on social policy issues and their impact on workers and clients. This fifth edition contains new material on career paths, managed care, welfare reform, and the disparity between rich and poor. Burger chairs the department of behavioral sciences and human services at Kingsborough Community College, where Youkeles is professor emeritus. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR booknews.com
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780495115243
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 1/30/2007
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

William Burger is a professor at Kingsborough Community College and serves as the department chair for the human services program. He is a well-known figure within the human services field and has published several articles.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix
Chapter 1 Human Services in the United States Today 1
Introduction 2
Human Needs: Focus on Human Services 2
The Role of Primary Social Supports in Meeting Needs 6
An Overview of Human Services 8
Sources of Need Satisfaction 19
Falling Through the Safety Net 19
Political Controversy and Human Services 21
The Impact of Contemporary Problems on Needs 31
Summary 62
Additional Reading 63
References 64
Chapter 2 Groups in Need 69
Introduction 70
America's Poor 70
The Unemployed 77
Children in Need 79
The Elderly 87
People with Disabilities 95
Persons with Mental Illness 99
Substance Abusers 106
Criminals 114
The Homeless 125
Persons Living with HIV/AIDS 129
Summary 133
Additional Reading 134
References 135
Chapter 3 Human Services in Historical Perspective 141
Introduction 142
Prehistoric Civilization 142
Early Civilizations 143
The Middle Ages 145
The Renaissance 147
Human Welfare Services since the Renaissance 148
Mental Health Services since the Renaissance 155
2000 and Beyond 163
Additional Reading 166
References 167
Chapter 4 Theoretical Perspectives 169
Introduction 170
Scientific Theory 170
Theories about Human Disorders 171
Models of Dysfunction 173
The Medical Model 173
The Human Services Model 180
Issues Underlying Conflict between Models 182
The Holistic Trend in Medical Theory 183
Schools of Therapy 186
The Psychoanalytic Viewpoint 186
The Humanistic Perspective 194
The Behaviorist Model 198
Which Theory Is Best? 208
Alternative Paths to Personal Fulfillment 208
Systems Theory 210
Does Psychotherapy Work? 211
Additional Reading 212
References 213
Chapter 5 The Human Services Worker 216
Introduction 217
Different Styles of Helping Relationships 217
Characteristics of Effective Helpers 219
Basic Helping Skills 224
Factors That Influence the Use of Skills 232
Values 233
Human Rights, the Law, and Human Services 239
The Worker in Group Settings 242
The Worker in the Community 245
Additional Reading 250
References 251
Chapter 6 Careers in Human Services 253
Introduction 254
Generalist Human Services Work 254
Therapeutic Recreation 259
Creative Arts Therapy 260
Psychiatric Nursing 262
Occupational Therapy 264
Clinical Psychology 267
Counseling 271
Social Work 278
Psychiatry 282
Professional Organizations 284
Additional Reading 286
References 287
Chapter 7 Social Policy 288
Introduction 289
What Is Social Policy? 289
Social Policy in the Past 290
Social Policy in Modern Times 291
Purpose and Types of Social Policy 293
The Scope of Social Policy 293
The Making of Social Policy 295
Factors in Establishing Social Policy 300
The Implementation of Social Policy 307
Critical Thinking Activities 310
Additional Reading 316
References 317
Chapter 8 Prevention in Human Services 319
Introduction 320
Defining Prevention and Its Targets 320
Prevention in the Past 321
Levels of Prevention 325
Why an Emphasis on Primary Prevention Is Crucial 329
Primary Prevention Strategies 334
Obstacles to the Development of Primary Prevention Programs 337
Conclusion 340
Additional Reading 340
References 341
Chapter 9 Current Controversies and Issues 343
Introduction 344
The Clash of Values in Social Policies 344
Government: How Much Support for the Needy? 348
Target Populations: The Struggle for Support 349
Professionalism in the Human Services 354
Deinstitutionalization: Does It Work? 358
The Role of Human Services Workers 360
Whom Do Human Services Workers Serve? 361
A Basic Reading and Thinking Skill 363
References 364
Glossary 367
Author Index 377
Subject Index 381
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