Hunter-Gatherer Childhoods: Evolutionary, Developmental, and Cultural Perspectives

Hunter-Gatherer Childhoods: Evolutionary, Developmental, and Cultural Perspectives

by Michael E. Lamb
     
 

In the vast anthropological literature devoted to hunter-gatherer societies, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the place of hunter-gatherer children. Children often represent 40 percent of hunter-gatherer populations, thus nearly half the population is omitted from most hunter-gatherer ethnographies and research. This volume is designed to bridge the

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Overview

In the vast anthropological literature devoted to hunter-gatherer societies, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the place of hunter-gatherer children. Children often represent 40 percent of hunter-gatherer populations, thus nearly half the population is omitted from most hunter-gatherer ethnographies and research. This volume is designed to bridge the gap in our understanding of the daily lives, knowledge, and development of hunter-gatherer children.

The twenty-six contributors to Hunter-Gatherer Childhoods use three general but complementary theoretical approaches—evolutionary, developmental, cultural—in their presentations of new and insightful ethnographic data. For instance, the authors employ these theoretical orientations to provide the first systematic studies of hunter-gatherer children's hunting, play, infant care by children, weaning and expressions of grief. The chapters focus on understanding the daily life experiences of children, and their views and feelings about their lives and cultural change. Chapters address some of the following questions: why does childhood exist, who cares for hunter-gatherer children, what are the characteristic features of hunter-gatherer children's development and what are the impacts of culture change on hunter-gatherer child care? The book is divided into five parts. The first section provides historical, theoretical and conceptual framework for the volume; the second section examines data to test competing hypotheses regarding why childhood is particularly long in humans; the third section expands on the second section by looking at who cares for hunter-gatherer children; the fourth section explores several developmental issues such as weaning, play and loss of loved ones; and, the final section examines the impact of sedentism and schools on hunter-gatherer children.

This pioneering volume will help to stimulate further research and scholarship on hunter-gatherer childhoods, thereby advancing our understanding of the way of life that characterized most of human history and of the processes that may have shaped both human development and human evolution.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“A rare and welcomed read which enables a wide window into this research current as a whole.”—Esben Leifsen, Reviews in Anthropology "The highly polished result contains much of interest to anyone interested in hunter-gatherer lifeways, the anthropology of children, and the evolution of human life history."—Journal of Anthropological Research

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780202307480
Publisher:
Transaction Publishers
Publication date:
06/15/2005
Series:
Evolutionary Foundations of Human Behavior Series
Pages:
483
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

Meet the Author

Barry S. Hewlett is professor of anthropology at Washington State University, Vancouver. He has conducted research with Congo Basin hunter-gatherers since 1973 and is co-editor of Hunter-Gatherer Childhoods (with Michael Lamb) and author of Intimate Fathers.

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