Hurricanes and Climate Change / Edition 1by James B. Elsner
Pub. Date: 11/26/2008
Publisher: Springer US
This book is
Hurricanes are nature’s most destructive agents. They have recently been linked to changes in climate. A 4-day international summit on hurricanes and climate change took place in 2007 to discuss and debate various scientific issues related to this important topic. There were 77 attendees from 18 different countries who participated in the summit.
This book is a sample collection of papers from talks that were presented. The chapters are organized around the broad hurricane-climate themes of empirical evidence, statistical methods, and numerical models. A major focus of the conference was the importance of statistical models for understanding how hurricane activity is changing and may change in the future. Emphasis was also placed on evidence of low-frequency swings in hurricane activity using historical and geological records. Results from various high-resolution numerical models, including a 20-km mesh model, were consistent in showing stronger hurricanes in a warmer future. Most numerical models indicate an overall decrease in the number of storms attributable to greater atmospheric stability and to a decrease in vertical mass flux.
This book is unique in its scope drawing from an international community of scholars in the field of hurricane climate science. The science addresses a variety of perspectives ranging from the microphysics of lightning to geological evidence of prehistoric storminess.
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- 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.04(d)
Table of ContentsDetection and Attribution of Climate Change Effects on Tropical Cyclones.-Electrification in Hurricanes: Implications for Water Vapor in the Tropical Tropopause Layer.- The Long-Term Natural Variablity of Tropical Cyclones in Australia.- Statistical Link between United States Tropical Cyclone Activity and the Solar Cycle.- Five-year Prediction of the Number of Hurricanes that make U.S. Landfall.- A New Index for Tropical Cyclone Development from Sea Surface Temperature and Evaporation Fields.- Probability of Hurricane Intensification and United States Hurricane Landfall under Conditions of Elevated Atlantic Sea Surface Temperatures.- Wavelet-Lag Regression Analysis of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones.- Network Analysis of U.S. Hurricanes.- Migration of the Tropical Cyclone Zone throughout the Holocene.- Aerosol Effects on Lightning and Intensity of Landfalling Hurricanes.- Response of Tropical Cyclogenesis to Global Warming in an IPCC AR4 Scenario.- Risk of Tropical Cyclones over the Mediterranean Sea in a Climate Change Scenario.- A Fast Non-Empirical Tropical Cyclone Identification Method.- Boundary Layer Model for Moving Tropical Cyclones.- Changes in Tropical Cyclone Activity due to Global Warming in a General Circulation Model.- Relationship between ENSO and North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Frequency Simulated in a Coupled General Circulation Model.- Modeling of Tropical Cyclones and Intensity Forecasting.- Roadmap to Assess the Economic Cost of Climate Change with an Application to Hurricanes in the United States.- The Science and Politics Problem Policymaking, Climate Change and Hurricanes.
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