HVDC and FACTS Controllers: Applications of Static Converters in Power Systems / Edition 1by Vijay K. Sood
HVDC and FACTS Controllers: Applications of Static Converters in Power Systems focuses on the technical advances and developments that have taken place in the past ten years or so in the fields of High Voltage DC transmission and Flexible AC transmission systems. These advances (in HVDC transmission and FACTS) have added a new dimension to power transmission… See more details below
HVDC and FACTS Controllers: Applications of Static Converters in Power Systems focuses on the technical advances and developments that have taken place in the past ten years or so in the fields of High Voltage DC transmission and Flexible AC transmission systems. These advances (in HVDC transmission and FACTS) have added a new dimension to power transmission capabilities. The book covers a wide variety of topics, some of which are listed below:
-Current Source and Voltage Source Converters, -Synchronization Techniques for Power Converters, -Capacitor Commutated Converters, -Active Filters, -Typical Disturbances on HVDC Systems, -Simulation Techniques, -Static Var Compensators based on Chain Link Converters, -Advanced Controllers, -Trends in Modern HVDC. In addition to EHV transmission, HVDC technology has impacted on a number of other areas as well. As an example, a chapter dealing with HVDC Light applications is included providing recent information on both on-shore and off-shore applications of wind farms. HVDC and FACTS Controllers: Applications of Static Converters in Power Systems is meant for senior undergraduate, graduate students and professional power systems engineers. Mathematical treatment of the subject has been kept to a minimum and emphasis has been placed on principles and practical applications. Applications from major manufacturers are included to provide useable information for the practicing power systems engineer.
Table of Contents
1: Introduction to HVDC Transmission. 1.1. Introduction. 1.2. Comparison of AC-DC Transmission. 1.3. Types of HVDC Systems. 1.4. References.
2: Types of Converters. 2.1. Introduction. 2.2. Current Source Converters (CSC). 2.3. Voltage Source Converters (VSC). 2.4. Closing Remarks. 2.5. References.
3: Synchronization Techniques for Power Converters. 3.1. Introduction. 3.2. Review of GFUs. 3.3. GFUs - Design And Analysis. 3.4. Tests On GFUs. 3.5. EMTP Simulation Of A Test System. 3.6. Conclusions. 3.7. Acknowledgement. 3.8. References.
4: HVDC Controls. 4.1. Historical Background. 4.2. Functions of HVDC Controls. 4.3. Control Basics for a Two-terminal DC Link. 4.4. Current Margin Control Method. 4.5. Current Control at the Rectifier. 4.6. Inverter Extinction Angle Control. 4.7. Hierarchy of Controls. 4.8. Action By Controls After a Disturbance. 4.9. References.
5: Forced Commutated HVDC Converters. 5.1. Introduction. 5.2. Commutation Techniques for HVDC Converters. 5.3. Examples of FC Converters for HVDC Transmission. 5.4. References.
6: Capacitor Commutated Converters for HVDC Systems. 6.1. Capacitor Commutated Converters (CCC). 6.2. Controlled Series Capacitor Converter (CSCC). 6.3. Comparison of CCC and CSCC. 6.4. Garabi Interconnection between Argentina-Brazil. 6.5. Closing Remarks. 6.6. Acknowledgement. 6.7. References.
7: Static Compensators: STATCOM Based on Chain-Link Converters. 7.1. Introduction. 7.2. The Chainlink Converter. 7.3. Advantages of the Chain Circuit STATCOM. 7.4. Design for Production. 7.5. Acknowledgement. 7.6. References.
8: HVDC Systems Using Voltage Source Converters. 8.1. Introduction. 8.2. Basic Elements of HVDC using VSCs. 8.3. Voltage Source Converter. 8.4. Applications. 8.5. Tjaereborg Windpower Project in Denmark. 8.6. Power Supply to Remote Locations (i.e. Islands). 8.7. Asynchronous Inter-Connections. 8.8. Concluding Remarks. 8.9. Acknowledgement. 8.10. References.
9: Active Filters. 9.1. Introduction. 9.2. DC Filters. 9.3. AC Filters. 9.4. Concluding Remarks. 9.5. Acknowledgement. 9.6. References.
10: Typical Disturbances in HVDC Systems. 10.1. Introduction. 10.2. CIGRE Benchmark Model for HVDC Control Studies. 10.3. Details of Control Systems Used. 10.4. Results. 10.5. Closing Remarks. 10.6. Acknowledgement. 10.7. References.
11: Advanced Controllers. 11.1. Introduction. 11.2. Application of an Advanced VDCL Unit. 11.3. Conclusions. 11.4. Acknowledgement. 11.5. References.
12: Measurement/Monitoring Aspects. 12.1. Introduction. 12.2. Monitoring of Signals. 12.3. Protection Against Over-currents. 12.4. Protection Against Over-voltages. 12.5. Acknowledgement. 12.6. References.
13: Case Studies of AC-DC System Interactions. 13.1. Introduction. 13.2. AC-DC system inter-actions. 13.3. Multi-terminal HVDC systems. 13.4. Harmonic inter-actions at Chandrapur HVDC station. 13.5. Conclusions. 13.6. Acknowledgement. 13.7. References.
14: Simulators for Analyzes of Power System Phenomena. 14.1. Introduction. 14.2. The IREQ Hybrid Simulator. 14.3. Off-line Digital Simulation Packages. 14.4. Real-time Digital Simulators. 14.5. Present and Future Trends. 14.6. Acknowledgement. 14.7. References.
15: Modern HVDC - State of the Art. 15.1. Introduction. 15.2. Past Decade Version. 15.3. Present Decade Version. 15.4. Concluding Remarks. 15.5. Acknowledgement. 15.6. References.
Index. About the Author.
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