Iatrogenic Thoracic Complications

Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1983)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781461254485
  • Publisher: Springer New York
  • Publication date: 12/5/2011
  • Series: Radiology of Iatrogenic Disorders Series
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1983
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 244
  • Product dimensions: 8.25 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 0.56 (d)

Table of Contents

1. Iatrogenic Thoracic Complications Induced by Drugs.- Pathogenesis.- Clinical Pathologic Patterns.- Hypersensitivity of the Airways (Asthma).- Injury of the Lung Parenchyma.- Acute Pulmonary Edema.- Pulmonary Infiltrates with Eosinophilia (PIE).- Granulomatous Reactions.- Pulmonary Vascular Injury.- Lupus-like Syndrome.- Lung Injury Secondary to Drug-induced Disease in Other Organs.- Intrathoracic Extrapulmonary Abnormalities.- Radiologic Patterns.- Acknowledgments.- References.- 2. Nosocomial and Iatrogenic Infections of the Thorax.- Incidence and Significance.- Source.- Routes and Radiology.- Aspiration.- Contaminated Fluid.- Direct Introduction.- Complications of Specific Procedures.- Relative Risks.- Assisted Ventilation.- Endotracheal Intubation and Tracheostomy.- Bronchoscopy and Biopsy.- Percutaneous Biopsies.- Vascular Catheterization.- References.- 3. Pneumonia in the Immunocompromised Host.- Risk Factors.- Etiology.- Infections.- Noninfectious.- Differential Diagnosis based upon Radiographic Patterns.- References.- 4. Traumatic Complications of Endotracheal Intubation and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.- Endotracheal Intubation.- Early Complications That Occur During Intubation.- Early Complications That Occur with Tube in Place.- Late Complications of Tracheal Intubation.- Tracheostomy.- Immediate Complications.- Delayed Complications.- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.- Bony Injuries with Closed-Chest Massage.- Barotrauma.- Pericardial Tamponade.- Organ Injury.- Conclusion.- General References.- Cited References.- 5. Thoracic Complications of Respiratory Intensive Care.- Technical Considerations of Portable Radiography.- Mechanical Ventilation.- Intubation.- Tracheostomy.- Late Complications of Intubation.- Complications of PEEP.- Barotrauma.- Chest Tubes.- Infection.- Oxygen Toxicity.- Cardiovascular Catheters.- Flow-Directed Pulmonary Artery Catheters.- Cardiac Pacemakers.- Intraaortic Counterpulsation Balloon.- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.- Cardiopulmonary Disorders.- Aspiration.- Pneumonia.- Pulmonary Edema.- Respiratory Distress Syndrome.- Pleural Effusions.- Mediastinal Widening.- Pulmonary Embolism.- References.- 6. Barotrauma.- Interstitial Pulmonary Emphysema (IPE).- Air-Leak Phenoma.- Pneumothorax.- Pneumomediastinum.- Pneumopericardium.- Air Embolism.- Extraperitoneal Air Dissection and Pneumoperitoneum.- Hemodynamic Effects.- Changes in Pulmonary Function.- Secondary Infection.- IPE-Induced Changes in Pulmonary Morphology.- Acknowledgment.- References.- 7. Radiographic Features of Thoracic Complications Occurring in Infants in the Intensive Care Nursery.- Endotracheal Intubation.- Ventilator Therapy and Pulmonary Air Leaks.- Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema.- Pneumothorax.- Pneumomediastinum.- Pneumopericardium.- Pneumoperitoneum.- Intravascular Air Embolism.- Thoracostomy Tubes.- Feeding and Suction Catheters.- Vascular Catheters.- Miscellaneous.- Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD).- Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA).- Pancuronium Bromide (Pavulon).- Paralysis of the Diaphragm.- Conclusion.- Acknowledgment.- References.- 8. Thoracic Radiotherapy Changes.- Lung.- Pathologic Changes.- Factors Influencing the Radiographic Appearance.- Differential Diagnosis.- Clinical Correlation.- Heart.- Pathologic Changes.- Factors Influencing the Radiographic Appearance.- Radiographic Findings.- Differential Diagnosis.- Clinical Correlation.- Esophagus.- Pathologic Changes.- Factors Influencing the Radiographic Appearance.- Radiographic Appearance.- Differential Diagnosis.- Clinical Correlation.- Bony Thorax.- Pathologic Changes.- Factors Influencing the Radiographic Appearance.- Radiographic Findings.- Differential Diagnosis.- References.- 9. Iatrogenic Disorders of the Esophagus.- Anatomy/Relationships.- Clinical Approach.- Endoscopy.- Surgery.- Dilatation.- Tubes.- Drugs.- Miscellaneous Complications.- Summary.- References.- 10. Complications of Angiography in the Thorax.- Incidence of Major Complications.- Cardiac Angiography.- Types of Complications and Predisposing Factors.- Mortality.- Myocardial Infarction.- Vascular Dissection or Perforation.- Coronary Artery.- Arrhythmias.- Other Local Complications.- Renal Function Abnormalities.- Allergy-like Reactions.- Causes of Complications.- Underlying Disease.- Age.- Physician Experience and Training.- Duration of Procedure.- Thrombus Formation and Embolism.- Approach.- Guide Wires and Catheters.- Site of Arterial Puncture.- Contrast Material.- Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty.- Is There an Irreducible Number of Complications?.- Conclusions.- References.- 11. The Radiologic Manifestations of the Complications of Cardiac Pacing.- Normal Roentgenographic Findings.- Pacemaker Complications Related to Pacemaker Malfunction.- Exit Block.- Lead Fracture.- Electrode Malposition and Dislodgement.- Electrode Malposition (Coronary Sinus).- Electrode Dislodgement by the Pulse Generator.- Trauma.- Myocardial Perforation.- Pulse Generator of Battery Failure.- Complications Related to Pacemaker Insertion or Presence Within the Body.- Air Embolism.- Venous Thrombosis.- Pulmonary Embolism.- Infection.- Summary.- References.- 12. The Radiology of Prosthetic Cardiac Valves.- Selection of the Patient for Cardiac Valve Replacement.- Radiologic Examination Following Valve Implantation.- Radiographic Identification of Prosthetic Valves.- Caged-Ball Valves.- Caged-Disc Prosthesis.- Hinged-Disc Valves.- St. Jude Valve.- Heterograft Valves.- Fluoroscopic Evaluation Following Valve Implantation.- Method of Fluoroscopy.- Central Occluding Valves.- Caged Disc Prosthesis.- Tilting-Disc Prosthesis.- Tissue Valves.- Ultrasonic Evaluation of Prosthetic Valves.- M-mode Echocardiography.- Two-Dimensional Real-Time Echocardiography-Heterograft Valves.- Complications of Prosthetic Valves.- Regurgitation.- Prosthetic Valve Thrombosis.- Tissue Encroachment.- Aneurysm.- Summary.- References.

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