Ideas of Human Nature: From the Bhagavad Gita to Sociobiology / Edition 1by David P. Barash
Unique in both scope and organization, this book presents an intriguing yet challenging introduction to the world's great ideas concerning the nature of human nature — with a sampling of different approaches. The selections are drawn from religious writings, academic treatises, nonfiction, fiction, etc. — enabling readers to encounter the/b>… See more details below
Unique in both scope and organization, this book presents an intriguing yet challenging introduction to the world's great ideas concerning the nature of human nature — with a sampling of different approaches. The selections are drawn from religious writings, academic treatises, nonfiction, fiction, etc. — enabling readers to encounter the great thinkers through their own words. Organizes selections into intellectually coherent topics— Religious/Mythic Views, The Mind, The Social Setting, The Human Animal? — and then subtopics — e.g., The Role of Reason, The Limits of Reason, People Are Basically Nasty, People Are Basically Good, Animals as “Human,” and Vice Versa, Sex and Gender, etc.
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- New Edition
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Table of Contents(NOTE:Each chapter concludes with Study Questions and Some Additional Readings)
I. RELIGIOUS VIEWS.
1. In the Beginning: Views of Creation and Being.
Hindu: Bhagavad Gita. Buddhist: Prajnaparamita Sutra. Taoist: The Tao Te Ching. Judeo-Christian: Old Testament. Christian: New Testament. Muslim: Koran (or Qur'an).
2. Body and Soul.
Plato: Phaedo. Augustine: The City of God. Lucretius: On the Nature of Things. Aquinas: Summa Theologica and Summa Contra Gentiles.
II. THE MIND.
3. The Imprint of Experience.
Locke: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Hume: A Treatise on Human Nature. Kant: Critique of Pure Reason and Critique of Practical Reason.
4. The Role of Reason.
Plato: The Republic and Phaedrus. Aristotle: The Nicomachean Ethics. Smith: The Wealth of Nations. Doyle: A Study in Scarlet.
5. The Limits of Reason.
Dostoyevsky: Notes From Underground. Crane: The Black Riders.
6. The Mind/Brain Problem.
Descartes: Discourse on the Method, Meditations on First Philosophy, Treatise on Man, and Automatism of Brutes. La Mettrie: Man a Machine. Crick, The Astonishing Hypothesis.
Watson: Behaviorism. Skinner: Science and Human Behavior and Beyond Freedom and Dignity.
Freud: The Interpretation of Dreams, The Ego and the ID, Totem and Taboo, and Civilization and Its Discontents.
III. THE SOCIAL SETTING.
9. People are Basically Bad.
Plato: The Republic. Augustine: The City of God. Hobbes: The Leviathan. Kafka: The Bucket Rider.
10. People are Basically Good.
Rousseau: Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (The Second Discourse). Kropotkin: Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution.
11. People are Basically a Product of Their Cultures.
Durkheim: Rules of Sociological Method. Boas: The Mind of Primitive Man. Kroeber: The Superorganic.
12. Marxist “Man” and Alienation.
Marx: Comments on James Mill, The Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, The Grundrisse, and Das Kapital. Markham: The Man with the Hoe.”
13. The Pursuit of Power.
Machiavelli: The Prince. Nietzsche: The Antichrist and Thus Spake Zarathustra. London: The Sea-Wolf.
14. The Existential Imagination.
Kiergegaard: Either/Or, Fear and Trembling, and Concluding Unscientific Postscript. Sartre: Existentialism and Humanism and Being and Nothingness. Camus: The Myth of Sisyphus and The Plague.
15. Sex and Gender.
Wollstonecraft: A Vindication of the Rights of Women. Mill: The Subjection of Women. Stanton: Introductin to The Women's Bible. Woolf: A Room of One's Own. Beauvoir: The Second Sex. Gilligan: In a Different Voice.
IV. THE HUMAN ANIMAL?
16. Humans as Animals, and Vice Versa.
Swift: Gulliver's Travels. Lorenz: On Aggression. D. Griffin: Animal Minds.
17. Evolution and Sociobiology.
Darwin: The Origin of Species, and The Descent of Man. Wilson: Sociobiology and On Human Nature. Dawkins: The Selfish Gene.
18. Uniquely Human?
Becker: The Denial of Death. Pinker: The Language Instinct. Westermarck: The History of Human Marriage.
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