Throughout human history, gender has served as one of the ways in which human beings form their identities and then make their way in the world. But it is not the only way: We also discover ourselves through race, age, class, and other categories. Increasingly, archaeologists are recovering evidence of the ways in which gender has been important in identity-formation in the past, especially in its interaction with other social factors. In Identity and Subsistence, a number of scholars look at how the idea of gender has worked with respect to the formation of the self, masculinity and femininity, human evolution, and the development of early agrarian and pastoralist societies.
1 Introduction 2 The Prism of Self: Gender and Personhood 3 Sexuality in Archaeology 4 Archaeology, Men, and Masculinities 5 The Archaeology of Nonbinary Genders in Native North American Societies 6 Gender and Human Evolution 7 Gender Dynamics in Hunter-Gatherer Society: Archaeological Methods and Perspectives 8 Gender and Early Farming Societies 9 Women, Gender, and Pastoralism