Identity as Reasoned Choice: A South Asian Perspective on The Reach and Resources of Public and Practical Reason in Shaping Individual Identities

Overview

A companion volume to Jonardon Ganeri’s popular textbook, Philosophy in Classical India: The Proper Work of Reason, this new book surveys in a lively and accessible style the nature of practical and public reason in India. It provides what is missing in Amartya Sen’s widely admired The Argumentative Indian: detailed discussion of the thinkers—dissenters and heretics, as well as mainstream voices—whose astonishing ideas so enrich contemporary discussion.

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Identity as Reasoned Choice: A South Asian Perspective on The Reach and Resources of Public and Practical Reason in Shaping Individual Identities

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Overview

A companion volume to Jonardon Ganeri’s popular textbook, Philosophy in Classical India: The Proper Work of Reason, this new book surveys in a lively and accessible style the nature of practical and public reason in India. It provides what is missing in Amartya Sen’s widely admired The Argumentative Indian: detailed discussion of the thinkers—dissenters and heretics, as well as mainstream voices—whose astonishing ideas so enrich contemporary discussion.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781623565886
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
  • Publication date: 11/7/2013
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Jonardon Ganeri writes on Indian philosophical theory in relation to the analytical tradition, on early South Asian modernity, and on conceptions of the human subject.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction: The Reach and Resources of Reason
PART I: PUBLIC REASON PROMOTED
1. An Ideal of Public Reason
Public reason in the Questions of Milinda
An ideal of public reason in the Nyaya-sutra
2. Ancient Indian Logic as a Theory of Case-Based Reasoning
A model of reasoning in the Nyaya-sutra
The theory transformed
Retrieving the ancient case-based model
3. Neutrality: a Theory From the Time of Asoka
A Buddhist treatise on public reason: the Elements of Dialogue
Eight stances in a dialogue
The 'way forward' and the 'way back'
4. Local Norms: the Priority of the Particular
Rules versus cases
Three models of particulars as standards
Particulars as paradigms in the Nyaya-sutra
Particulars as prototypes in the Ritual Sutras

PART II: PRACTICAL REASON RESOURCED
5. The Critic Within
Multiple Hinduisms
A dissenting voice
Meeting reason with reason
Evidence, expertise and assent
Religion and reason
6. Adapt and Substitute
The hermeneutics of ritual
Ethics in the Hindu canon
The reason of sages
Adaptive reasoning from paradigms
7. Model Humans and Moral Instincts
Persons as paradigms of exemplary conduct
Ethical dilemmas: the 'case'
The heart's approval: moral instinct

PART III: DISSENT
8. Implied Voices of Dissent
The paradox of inquiry
Inquiry as adjudication
The challenge reformulated in Sakara
9. Can One Seek to Answer any Question? Srihara
On questioning: the pragmatics of interrogative dialogue
The prior knowledge argument
Against aiming
The longing for knowledge

PART IV: IDENTITY, FOUND OR FASHIONED?
10. On the Formation of Self
Spiritual exercises and the aesthetic analogy
Philosophy as medicine
Plutarch and the Buddhists: returbaning oneself to the present
A life complete at every moment
Taming the self
Philosophy and the ends of life
11. Problems of Self and Identity
Reincarnation and personal identity
Higher and lower selves
Bad thoughts and conscience
No self?
Being true to your individual self
12. Identity and Illusions about the Self
Speaking about the self
Polestar and compass: two modes of practical reason
The ethics of self-deception and the reach of reason
Cognitive stories
13. "What You Are You Do Not See, What You See is Your Shadow"
The philosophical double
The double in Mauni's fiction
Self to self
Inhabiting an identity

PART V: IDENTITY & THE MODERN INTELLECTUAL
14. Interpreting Intellectual India
Questions of method
Objectivity
Immersion
15. An Exemplary Indian Intellectual
Bimal Krishna Matilal
A conversation among equals
A common ground?
16. India and the Shaping of Global Intellectual Culture
Covert borrowings
Other routes of influence
Concluding Summary
Bibliography

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